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17796Re: Our ancestors

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  • amiak27
    Apr 5, 2007
      I will add to that a reference to our northern neighbors, the Poles.
      After the war they built the giant steelworks next to Kracow - Nova
      Huta. I take huta to mean any high-temperature smelting operation,
      steel, glass or otherwise.

      I was surprised and delighted to once run across a stone tower in the
      eastern USA, off in the woods. It was listed locally as a very early
      steelworks! It looked to be not much more than a stone chimney...
      but our ancestors had to start somewhere.


      --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, "Helen Fedor" <hfed@...> wrote:
      > In dictionaries, just "huta" is given as "smelting works" or
      "smeltery". The 1997 SAP dictionary also has "sklarska huta" as a
      "glass works". The historical dictionary (_Historicky slovnik
      slovenskeho jazyka_) gives 'smelting works' as definition #1, while
      #2 has "zavod na sklarske a i nekovove vyrobky" (a works for glass and
      other non-metal products), giving two examples (the earliest example
      from 1585) of "sklenna huta". "Huta" can also be used with other
      adjectives, such as "solna huta" (salt works) and "syrkova [sirovy]
      huta" (sulphur works).
      > H
      > >>> helene cincebeaux <helenezx@...> 04/04/07 10:26 PM >>>
      > Ron, enjoyed what you and Vlad wrote. So many of the tools in the
      Slovak museums and skansens are so beautifully made and decorated.
      > Re "huta" I had heard that a "huta" was a place where glass was
      made - like a glass works - there are a nujmber of places in Slovakia
      that have a smaller place nearby that the name ends in "Huta". I was
      told this about Livovska Huta near Bardejov.
      > i would love to have someone confirm that this is true or does
      huta mean foundry or factory also?
      > helene
      > amiak27 <rmat@...> wrote:
      > You bring up a good point, Vlad. We have a hand axe in the
      > reputed to have been forged by our grandfather. That is one topic I
      > have never brought up with the cousins in Sulin, and I have never
      > heard reference to a blacksmith shop or local forging. There was a
      > glass foundry, presumably to produce glass for bottles of the exported
      > Sulin water, though again I never heard of a bottle factory, just the
      > 'hutta' or foundry. Neighboring Maly Lipnik also produced glass from
      > what I read.
      > It seems tough to run across English language references that speak of
      > any tools in the Slavic lands. There are write-ups and sketches in
      > the Ethnography Atlas and English write-ups in 'Slovakia, European
      > Contexts of the Folk Culture'. A visit to the Ethnographic Museum in
      > Budapest is recommendable for anyone passing through that beautiful
      > city. They have a great display of folk costumes, houses and tools on
      > display for many of the different peoples that lived in old Greater
      > Hungary. The two newsletters produced by Helena C. and Vlad L. may
      > occasionally touch on the topic, but I can't recall of any articles at
      > the moment.
      > I was fortunate to see some of the wooden wagons and tools on my first
      > visits to Slovakia and even helped toss up a hay stack or two, which
      > taught e how they get those tall, thin parabolic haystacks (on the
      > stem of a fir tree). It makes me wonder how big the haystack was
      > that my great-uncle hid in to get away from Franz Josef's troops.
      > They tore his pants with the pitchfork but did not get him for WW I.
      > Our western history certainly short-changes central and Eastern Europe
      > when it comes to writing up everything from hand tools to home made
      > musical instruments. In America we automatically think of Scotland
      > for bag pipes and Switzerland for alpine horns, but both were part of
      > life in the Carpathians as well. When we think of skiing we think
      > perhaps of Scandinavia or the Alps, but during Pugachev's revolt in
      > Russia, around the time of the American Revolution, they fielded
      > armies of troops on skis for the winter fighting. We tend to think of
      > these things as isolated in use or development and not in terms of how
      > international or widespread they were. We need more people expanding
      > upon these aspects of our history - if there is a paying market for
      > this in the English language world.
      > Now I do expect most thoughts will spring to farm and household
      > instruments rather than cottage industry or village industry
      > activities. We can see these tools in the Skansens in Slovakia, but
      > finding a write-up on how they were made or the woods that were chosen
      > for which purpose is lacking. The closest I come to that is a book
      > from East Germany, "Historische Werkstatten" from 1989. He takes an
      > even 50 occupations for different trades and describes in pictures and
      > words how they went about their business in the old days. Assuming
      > that similar technology spread all over Europe, the book gives a good
      > indication of what life was like for the different trades.
      > In Sulin the Creek Palenicky jarok translates to 'Charcoal Creek" in
      > Slovak or the preferable "Distillery Creek" in Rusyn. It would be
      > nice to know if the landlord had an official distillery there or if
      > the citizens were so industrious on their own.... I have read about
      > how impoverished the itinerant charcoal makers were, and it is
      > fascinating to read how they built and carefully maintained the
      > charcoal producing mounds.
      > Sulin also had a flour mill that is now in the Skansen below Stara
      > Lubovna castle. I must wonder how many planted acres does it take to
      > support a flour mill, the family of the miller and his helpers, and
      > provide a share of income for the local lord as well. In the same
      > fashion, I also wonder how many pounds of grapes it takes to produce a
      > liter of wine. (that later is more of a south-Slovakia question!)
      > Back on the farm, I believe there is a passage in Michener's "Poland"
      > that describes how a farmer guided and shaped the growth of several
      > trees so that they would form pitch forks, and as one wore out the
      > next one would be properly developed for harvesting and use.
      > It was evidently a fascinating world we know so little about. Thanks
      > for bringing up the topic. I hope we get some interesting replies!
      > Ron
      > --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, <konekta@> wrote:
      > >
      > > One thought came to my mind;
      > > Everybody is so interested in churches, homes, weddings,
      > costumes........
      > > but not a single person ever expressed interest in tools ancestors
      > were > using every day in their hard work. Tools, that mostly were
      > home made. Many > out of wood.
      > > There was nothing they did without tools.
      > > Once I visited an old house in Myjava hills, which was bought by
      > Bratislava > guy, to use it as a weekend cottage.
      > > This man burned all the tools he found there in one big fire. What a
      > sad > view to see those brave companions of Myjava men being turned to
      > ashes. A > tool can speak volumes.
      > > Vladimir
      > >
      > >
      > >
      > > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      > >
      > ---------------------------------
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