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Pharmaceutical exports are bolstering Singapore's economy

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  • Michael Shari - BusinessWeek Internationa
    Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt Source: Singapore Review Date: 17 March 2003 Is Singapore headed in the righ direction with its focus on the Bio-Chem and
    Message 1 of 18 , Mar 16 8:34 PM
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      Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt
      Source: Singapore Review
      Date: 17 March 2003

      Is Singapore headed in the righ direction with its focus on the Bio-Chem and Pharmaceutical industry?

      There is a certain Deja Vu here as many still remember the heavy focus on Manufacturing a few decades ago, which later led to an over concentration and exposure to this industry. This was an oversight which current management of Singapore Inc are still trying to undo. Are they moving from the frying pan into the fire?

      The fact remains that "Virtually all of the industry's growth so far has come from foreigners, with little help from homegrown companies."

      This again brings into perspective the actual value added made by GLCs and State Owned Enterprises. Read on and decide for yourselves.

      ------------------------------------------------------------------------

      BusinessWeek International Editions: Asian Business: Singapore

      LITTLE ISLAND, BIG PHARMA Pharmaceutical exports are bolstering
      Singapore's economy

      By Michael Shari in Singapore
      751 words
      17 February 2003
      BusinessWeek
      24
      Number 3820
      English
      (Copyright 2003 McGraw-Hill, Inc.)

      For the past two years, Singapore has been making global drugmakers
      an alluring offer: The government has set aside $1.8 billion to
      encourage pharmaceutical companies to invest in the city-state. The
      money--to be spent over five years--pays for incentives ranging from
      research and development funds to capital for startups. And that's in
      addition to tax breaks and affordable space in government-built
      research and manufacturing parks. ``We have money,'' says Philip Yeo,
      co-chairman of the Singapore government's Economic Development Board
      (EDB). ``We need warm bodies.''

      Those bodies have arrived, and they're heating up Singapore's
      exports. In the past year, three global players--GlaxoSmithKline,
      Wyeth, and Schering-Plough--have built new drug-making plants on the
      Southeast Asian island. Their arrival helped boost Singapore's
      pharmaceutical exports by nearly 60% last year, to $4.7 billion--and
      cemented the sector's place as the island's third-largest foreign
      currency earner after petroleum products and electronics.

      Bulking up pharma is the right prescription for Singapore's continued
      growth. As semiconductor and other electronics exports last year fell
      10%, to $7.1 billion, the economy appeared headed for a downturn.
      Then, in December, pharmaceutical exports soared 131% from a year
      earlier as multinationals fired up new plants making higher-value
      drugs. That was enough to produce 0.1% overall growth in the fourth
      quarter, and it kept the economy out of its second recession in two
      years. Drug exports ``relieved concern of a double dip,'' says David
      Cohen, director of macroeconomic forecasting at MMS International in
      Singapore.

      True, government subsidies have been partly responsible for the
      sector's success. In early 2001, the EDB set a target of investing
      $600 million over five years in new joint ventures with
      multinationals or startups focused on R&D. The board also has $600
      million to reimburse Novartis, Eli Lilly, Viacell, and others for up
      to half of their R&D outlays. And it's giving another $600 million in
      grants to government-run research institutes to encourage cooperation
      with the private sector. As a result, since late 2001, five leading
      drugmakers have committed to investing a total of nearly $1 billion
      in the sector. ``The incentives are extremely good,'' says Victor
      Hau, managing director of Singapore operations for Wyeth, which last
      year opened two plants at a total cost of $294 million.

      Singapore, of course, has a lot more than subsidies to attract
      drugmakers. While relatively high wages discourage production of
      generic drugs in the city-state, Wyeth, GlaxoSmithKline, and others
      make high-end brands for export to the U.S., Europe, and Japan. They
      say the educated, English-speaking workforce, reliable electricity
      and water supplies, and good air links make it a natural base for
      their operations. Another attraction: Liberal rules on human stem-
      cell research, a factor that led ES Cell Australia Ltd. to open a $10
      million lab last year.

      Still, Singapore has a ways to go. Virtually all of the industry's
      growth so far has come from foreigners, with little help from
      homegrown companies. Also, there's a limit to the number of
      scientists this city-state of 4 million can produce. ``One of the
      concerns people have is, `Do they have the critical mass of people
      for a large-scale effort?''' says V. Thyagarajan, senior vice-
      president and Asia director for GlaxoSmithKline.

      But the government keeps pushing. On Jan. 29, the Agency for Science,
      Technology & Research opened its own $35 million biopharmaceutical
      plant. Scientists there will produce drugs from living cells in an
      effort to prove that Singapore can achieve the highest standards of
      quality control, says Miranda Yap, the plant's chief scientist. The
      goal is to make medicines on a contract basis for global drugmakers.
      The facility has already signed an agreement to conduct cell culture
      research for hormone treatments for Inhibitex Inc., a biotech startup
      in Alpharetta, Ga.

      In November, the Singapore government plans to open Biopolis, a
      185,000-square-meter research center for five existing biomedical
      research institutes. Yeo hopes the facility will help jump-start
      homegrown companies. In the meantime, multinational drug production
      is helping keep the Singapore economy out of the sick bay.

      Photograph: GOOD MIX Yeo's agency is wooing drugmakers PHOTOGRAPH BY
      DANIEL ZHENG/GETTY IMAGES Illustration: Chart: A PRESCRIPTION FOR
      GROWTH CHART BY ERIC HOFFMANN
    • Bruce Cheesman - Australian Financial Rev
      News - International News - Bell tolls for Singapore Inc as iron rice bowl cracks. By Bruce Cheesman KUALA LUMPUR. 497 words 10 March 2003 Australian Financial
      Message 2 of 18 , Mar 16 8:52 PM
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        News - International News - Bell tolls for Singapore Inc as iron rice
        bowl cracks.

        By Bruce Cheesman KUALA LUMPUR.
        497 words
        10 March 2003
        Australian Financial Review
        19
        English
        (c) 2003 John Fairfax Holdings Limited. Not available for re-
        distribution.

        National Development Minister Mah Bow Tan last week rang the death
        knell for Singapore Inc when he declared that the civil service and
        state-run companies would soon hand over many of their functions to
        the private sector.

        Singaporeans still reeling from the island republic's first economic
        contraction, posted in 2001, since 1965 have suffered major shocks to
        their collective psyche, with a big round of job losses in the public
        sector since the beginning of the year.

        A survey earlier this month showed that Singaporeans are becoming so
        stressed at the seminal changes in their daily lives that there has
        been a dramatic increase in the number of people wanting to emigrate.
        The top destination along with the US is Australia.

        Prior to Mr Mah's announcement last week that Singapore Inc was about
        to be dismantled, the strongest sign of the trend was an end of
        cradle-to-the-grave jobs at government-linked companies, known as
        iron rice bowls.

        The rot started when PSA Corp, the island's massive container
        terminal, announced last month that 850 jobs were to be axed because
        of increasing competition from other South-East Asian ports.

        The Housing Development Board, responsible for the huge apartment
        blocks that dominate the Singapore skyline, added to the island's job
        woes by announcing early retirement packages for around 500
        employees.

        Neptune Orient Lines said on Wednesday that it could be axing over
        1,000 jobs or 10 per cent of its global workforce following huge
        losses.

        Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing, another GLC, announced last
        month it would close down its oldest plant in Singapore and axe more
        than 500 jobs.

        There has been speculation even heavyweights such as SingTel and
        Singapore Airlines could follow suit.

        "At issue is not just the iron rice bowl the concept of lifelong
        employment which many people nostalgically hark back to but also the
        future of Singapore Inc," wrote The Straits Times. The paper reported
        the top 22 GLCs accounted for 13 per cent of the island's gross
        domestic product in 1998.

        Singapore can claim to be the only country in South-East Asia with a
        development model of a national entity along the lines of Japan Inc
        and Korea Inc.

        Crony capitalism has flourished in Thailand and Malaysia and there
        have been national industries, but nothing comparable to the
        corporate and state identity of Singapore Inc.

        Singapore also has major government-investment arms that have the
        largest investments in the region and the US of any South-East Asian
        nation.

        There have been mutterings about the efficacy of the state-owned
        companies for more than a year following the much-dissected failure
        of some of the acquisitions of the island's leading blue chips.

        For the first time there has been open discussion of the lack of
        corporate governance and management failures at many of the GLCs.
      • Reuters Limited
        Thursday March 6, 19:02 PM Singapore braces for economic fallout of Gulf war SINGAPORE, March 6 (Reuters) - Still reeling from mass layoffs and the shock of
        Message 3 of 18 , Mar 17 7:00 AM
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          Thursday March 6, 19:02 PM
          Singapore braces for economic fallout of Gulf war

          SINGAPORE, March 6 (Reuters) - Still reeling from mass layoffs and
          the shock of its worst business downturn in four decades, Singapore's
          policy makers are bracing for more bad news as war approaches in
          Iraq.

          Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong this week began preparing the nation for
          the fallout, saying a conflict could hurt the U.S. economy, stalling
          the world's only engine of growth and triggering a global downturn.

          "Without wanting to demoralise Singapore, my candid assessment is we
          should expect the worst to come in the months ahead," Goh told
          Singapore media during a state visit to Vietnam.

          After emerging last year from recession, Singapore is again flirting
          with crisis as its big state-backed companies slash jobs to compete
          with lower cost rivals in China and as global demand falters for the
          electronics exports at the core of its economy.

          Singapore's main stock market barometer, the Straits Times Index
          (STI), hit an 18-month low on Thursday as bank stocks fell to their
          lowest since Asia's 1998 financial crisis on concerns earnings would
          be hit by a sputtering economy.

          "Some of the bigger foreign institutional funds are lightening their
          exposure to Singapore stocks," said Goh Teik Cheng, head of research
          at Millennium Securities. "The fastest way to do that is to unload
          the banking stocks, which form a significant part of the index."

          Economists say a war in Iraq is likely to compound the problems in
          Singapore's small open economy which relies heavily on tourism,
          imports all its oil and generates much of the demand for its main
          electronics exports from the United States.

          "At the moment, globally there is only one growth engine, that's the
          United States," the prime minister said on Wednesday in Vietnam,
          according to remarks published on Thursday.

          STRUCTURAL PROBLEMS

          The slowdown in global demand that followed the end of the stock
          market boom in 2000 exposed structural problems in Singapore, which
          has enjoyed average economic growth of 8.3 percent a year in its 37
          years since independence.

          State-linked organisations have shed 1,600 jobs in the past four
          months alone, and the government has forecast unemployment will rise
          beyond a 15-year high hit last year to between 5.0 and 5.5 percent in
          the first half.

          Goh said he expected oil prices to hit $40 a barrel "or even higher"
          during an Iraq war -- compared to a price of around $36.7 on
          Thursday -- and that this along with possible damage to U.S. consumer
          confidence would affect growth in many countries.

          "I see all this as a possibility over the next few months," he
          said. "It is not for certain but there is probably a 20-30 percent
          chance that it will happen."

          Economists estimate every $10 rise over a year in the cost of crude
          per barrel cuts world growth by 0.5 percentage point.

          RIDING IT OUT

          David Burton, the International Monetary Fund's Asia-Pacific
          director, singled out Singapore and South Korea this week as having
          the fiscal strength to help ride out a global slowdown.

          But investment bank Salomon Smith Barney said Singapore would suffer
          more than any Asian economy if its "intermediate-case scenario"
          unfolds, whereby oil hits $42 a barrel this quarter and does not drop
          to $30 until the fourth quarter.

          Under such a scenario, Singapore's GDP growth would be reduced by two
          percentage points this year compared with 0.7 percent for non-Japan
          Asia as a whole, Don Hanna, the bank's chief Asia economist, wrote in
          a recent report.

          Goldman Sachs, by contrast, said South Korea and Thailand would be
          the Asian economies hardest-hit by an oil shock. The bank put
          Singapore in the middle of the pack along with the Philippines and
          Taiwan.

          (Additional reporting by Alan Wheatley)

          Copyright © 2002 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved. Republication
          or redissemination of the contents of this screen are expressly
          prohibited without the written consent of Reuters Limited
        • CHUANG PECK MING
          Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt Source: Singapore Review Date: 18 March 2003 See today s edition of the Busness Times as our ministers display their unique talent
          Message 4 of 18 , Mar 17 4:42 PM
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            Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt
            Source: Singapore Review
            Date: 18 March 2003

            See today's edition of the Busness Times as our ministers display
            their unique talent for rendering lip-service and stating the obvious.

            More Rhetoric from our leaders.....who "add value" by telling us what
            we already know.

            ----------------------------------------------------
            Business Times
            Published March 18, 2003

            Exec jobs also at risk: minister
            Lee Boon Yang says upscale positions are being lost to low-cost
            locations

            By CHUANG PECK MING


            LOW-SKILLED workers will not be the only ones seeing their jobs
            shifting offshore. Manpower Minister Lee Boon Yang warned yesterday
            that professionals, managers and executives are also at risk of
            losing their jobs that way.



            Hunting high and low: NUS graduates at a job fair this year
            experienced first hand the tough job market
            His warning came as upscale jobs that include basic research, chip
            design, engineering and even financial analysis are migrating from
            the United States and Europe to cheaper locations like India and the
            Philippines.

            'This is not just happening to US and European countries but also to
            Singapore with the emergence of China and India as major
            competitors,' Dr Lee told Parliament during the debate on his
            ministry's budget.

            'Many MNCs are moving their backroom operations and call centres to
            India,' he said. 'Others are shifting to China and eastern European
            countries which have ample highly skilled, well-educated people
            willing to work at competitive salaries in areas like chip design,
            software engineering, auditing financial statements and architectural
            work.'

            The new reality was highlighted amid concerns among Members of
            Parliament that a rising share of the better educated among
            Singapore's workforce is hit by structural unemployment.

            Adding to the gloom is the immediate bleak outlook of the job
            market. 'In view of the uncertainties gripping the global economy, we
            should prepare for some worsening of the labour market,' Dr Lee
            cautioned. 'This year may not see sharp recovery in jobs and
            improvement in the unemployment rate.'

            But do not despair. While Singapore has to move up the value-added
            and technology chain to stay competitive - and keep jobs - it's not
            the first time it's had to change gear, Dr Lee said.

            Along with Minister of State for Manpower, Ng Eng Hen, he said
            workers - including professionals, managers and executives - should
            make good use of the current lull to re-skill and re-train.

            'If workers lack, and cannot pick up, relevant skills, they will not
            be employable,' Dr Lee said. 'Then we will suffer growing structural
            unemployment.'

            He said more could be done for workers when the statutory board for
            continuing education and training (CET) is set up before the year
            ends. It will promote skills upgrading; build a comprehensive CET
            infrastructure; enable sustained CET with employer help; develop the
            CET and HR industries; and regulate CET standards.

            'Its mandate is a broad one because it will serve the mainstream of
            adult workers, not just the lower skilled or the unemployed' Dr Lee
            said.
          • Cheng Shing Chow
            Published March 14, 2003 Business Times Mail Bag Good luck trying to change S poreans WE are a nation of campaigns and contradictions. So much so that these
            Message 5 of 18 , Mar 17 4:47 PM
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              Published March 14, 2003
              Business Times Mail Bag

              Good luck trying to change S'poreans

              WE are a nation of campaigns and contradictions. So much so that
              these days, we are best off laughing at ourselves.

              Come May 31, the young and the restless will head for Orchard Road,
              where a government-organised Singapore Street Festival with graffiti,
              street wear and inline-skating contests will be held.

              The event, the first of its kind in South-east Asia, aims to nurture
              a vibrant street culture in Singapore.

              Little surprise why it is the first of its kind. Of the many
              campaigns launched relentlessly to encourage creativity and spawn
              ingenuity, organised graffiti must surely bring our government's
              efforts to a new high, or low for the more cynical.

              Let's be absolutely clear about something: well-intended campaigns
              such as these provide opportunities to showcase and develop
              individual skills and talents - nothing more. Elsewhere around the
              country, receptive Singaporeans may hopefully pick up the not-so-
              subtle message they convey: that such behaviour is officially
              condoned, so let's have more of them!

              The truth is that Singaporeans cannot be changed. The now defunct
              Hong Lim Park is a perfect illustration that engineered or organised
              spontaneity has short lifespans. Unfortunately, creativity, energy
              and vibrancy share the single characteristic that lies well beyond
              the reach of human persuasion: Attitude - with a capital A.

              Attempting to nurture such attitudes is eminently consistent with our
              government's approach to solving problems. But while you can usually
              train people to do a job, you cannot as easily change their minds and
              the way and manner in which they think and feel.

              What we need - and need badly - are mavericks. And assuming they even
              exist, will the people, the law, and the government accommodate such
              mavericks? Most importantly, can and will the maverick instinct be
              infectious?

              We are, at the end of the day, a rule-encumbered society.
              Singaporeans are incapable of contemplating difference. We clamour
              for action from the authorities when anything goes wrong. We are
              incapable of seeing how some things can be changed through our own
              actions.

              Can we be blamed? This is a country where bar-top dancing is
              outlawed, where protesters require a permit to galvanise collective
              action, where fines and penalties abound and various forms of
              behaviour are frowned upon.

              We are in need of a revolution. But as with all revolutions, it is
              not the people who must be changed, it is the people who must want
              change.

              Cheng Shing Chow
              Singapore

              -----------------------------------------------------------------------



              Excerpts from
              No U-Turn Syndrome (NUTS)
              Chaotic Thoughts from the Old Millenium
              by Sim Wong Hoo



              Introduction


              Whats is NUTS? NUTS is when you want to do something and you seek
              approval of a higher authority. When there is no rule saying that you
              can do such a thing, then the standard answer is NO ...

              In the US, when there is no sign on the road, it means that you can make
              a U-turn. When the authority do not want people to make U-turns, they
              will put up signs to tell you not to make U-turns.

              In Singapore, it is the reverse. When there is no sign on the road, you
              are not allowed to make U-turns. When the authority allow you to make
              U-turns, then they will put up signs to give you that right.

              The two different systems serve the same purpose - to better manage the
              traffic. They may look quite similar, just coming from different
              direction, but the social repercussion is significant.

              In Singapore, the no U-turn without sign culture has permeated every
              level of our thinking and every segment of our life. This no U-turn has
              created a way of life that is based on rules. When there is a U-turn
              sign or when there is a rule, we can U-turn. When there is no sign, we
              cannot U-turn.

              When there is no rule, we cannot do anything. We become paralyzed.

              I call this "no-rule=no-do" phenomenon - the "No U-Turn Syndrome" or
              NUTS.

              Singapore has prospered under a rule-based system for many years. When
              we were at a lower level of development, we needed many multi-national
              companies to come to Singapore to invest. What these MNCs needed were a
              very reliable group of managers and workers who could follow exactly the
              rules set by corporate headquarters overseas. Since they did not want
              their overseas subsidiaries to innovate anything, they wanted us to
              stick closely to the rules, no funny deals, no crazy ideas. They were
              here to teach us, not to listen to ideas from us.

              The efficiency and no-nonsense style of the Singapore government is
              well-known. It has brought us prosperity and a good life. A rule-based
              system is essential here too to get everybody to toe the line.

              But the world has changed. And it is changing faster and faster. So fast
              that the rules that were set yesterday are no longer valid and cannot
              serve our new needs. It is not a matter of setting new rules to meet the
              new situation because by the time new rules are formulated, they would
              already be out ofdate. It is a matter of how to survive and prosper in
              environments where they are no rules.It is a matter of how to live with
              ambiguity. Things are no more black or white, things are in shades of
              gray. How do we deal with them?

              What is NUTS?

              NUTS is when you want to do something and you seek the approval of a
              higher authority. When there is no rule saying that you can do such a
              thing, then the standard answer is NO.

              What is wrong with this? There is nothing wrong if we choose to be stuck
              in the old world of our own where nothing changes.

              To meet the challenge of the new world, to meet the challenge of rising
              to a knowledge-based economy, we have to innovate like mad. How can we
              innovate when we need to obey rules to innovate? Innovate means to
              create things out of nothing, it means moving into uncharted territories
              where there are no rules.

              How can you innovate when you have to get approval of somebody who looks
              at a rule-book first?

              Such is the syndrome of NUTS. NUTS is everywhere in the society
              including schools, offices, hospitals, parks, factories and even in our
              homes. Yes, in Creative (Singapore) too. Here are some hilarious
              examples, they make you want to laugh and cry at the same time. I am
              sure you can tell me more.

              NUTS #2-"Creative Resource"-needed approval?
              When our corporate headquarters were completed in 1997, we needed to
              give it a name. The placeholder name was Creative Technology Centre.
              Made sense, but it was a boring name that everybody had. I wanted a
              special name, because we are "creative". So the usual names like,
              "Creative Building, Plaza, Complex, House..." were suggested on the name
              list. I rejected all of them. Finally we came out with a very good name,
              "Creative Resource" - the source of all creativity - and everybody loved
              it.

              But wait, before we could go ahead, we had to submit the building name
              for approval. What! I was shocked. I needed somebody else"s approval for
              the name of my own building. By some faceless committee that I did not
              even know existed. Imagine having the name of your baby being approved
              by somebody you do not know.

              Hey, that is the regulation. OK, we submitted and no prize for guessing
              the right answer. The answer was NO. The reason given was that the name
              was not "Centre, Plaza, Building, Complex, House etc..." There was
              actually a list of approved names in the rulebook and we were only given
              the impression that we could name our own building.

              I nearly jumped through the roof when I heard the answer. It was a very
              typical case of NUTS. "Resource" was not in their rule book, hence the
              standard answer was NO. I was not going to give up on this right. So we
              fought back and wrote letters to appeal. Finally, after a long process,
              our name was approved. Whew!

              NUTS #3 - Cannot sing Singapore songs!!
              While we were preparing for the opening ceremony of Creative Resource,
              we wanted to have a lot of creative fun. We prepared a lot of
              performances by our own staff. We were very fortunate to have invited
              the Prime Minister, Mr Goh Chok Tong to grace the event. We wanted to
              show him the best creativity in us.

              The opening fanfare idea was to have a big group of kids running into
              the building, singing a medley of Patriotic Singapore Songs. It was
              going to be very delightful. After the songs were arranged and recorded,
              at the last moment, someone in the team decided that we actually needed
              to seek approval from the authority because of copyright issues. The
              answer came back was of course a NO.

              There was no rule to say that you could do a medley of Singapore songs.
              There was a rule that said we could sing the Singapore song in special
              celebratory occasions like ours, so this was allowed.

              Our people started to panic, because there was no time to change the
              recordings. They sought my advice. They were thinking of canceling this
              delightful fanfare and disappointing the kids, from our Creative O
              child-care centre, who had practiced so hard for this event.

              I asked them why they had thought of seeking approval for a private
              function especially when the answer could be a No. they were afraid that
              the TV stations were there filming and it might have constituted a
              copyright infringement!

              There were a few NUTS at work here. First it is my own staff who were
              NUTS, they were toeing the line so tightly that they felt the need to
              seek approval for a private function that was not controversial at all.
              I was sure that the PM would give his 100% endorsement. Then we had the
              NUTS at the approval side who looked at the rule book and said No.

              I asked them to go ahead and just do it, even violating the rejection
              letter. Some of my NUTS staff must have freaked out. I told them I would
              bear the full responsibility. If I had to pay a $2000 fine, I would pay
              it. In the worst, worst case I might go to jail for it - that would be
              interesting too.

              In fact, the PM in his impromptu part of his speech also said, to move
              forward, we would have to "just do it". It was a timely message.

              NUTS #4 - No Title
              Recently, Creative had just spent a few million dollars investing
              heavily in a company. The key person in the company was needed urgently
              to launch a new ".com" project that could be worth a lot more in the
              future. In the era of the Internet, timing is everything. Then suddenly,
              he told me that he needed to go for reservist during the critical
              period. This meant that his whole team could be crippled because his
              leadership was not there. I told him that there should not be a problem,
              as he could always apply for a deferment. In fact, the Deputy Prime
              Minister has told me in the Technopreneur 21 committee that, reservist
              duties should not hinder Technopreneurship because the affected
              reservist could apply for deferment and it would be considered
              favourably.

              So the staff wrote a letter to apply for deferment. It was rejected. I
              told him to write an appeal, mentioning Creative"s involvement and all
              the relevant and valid reasons for such critically needed deferment. It
              was still rejected and we were running out of time.

              I guess I had to step in. I wrote the letter personally again, citing
              all the reasons and the ".com" time-critical factors. It was still
              rejected. I was very upset by this. It was already the last working day
              before he had to go in-camp.

              I had to call the officer personally. I identified myself, including my
              role in the Technopreneur 21 committee and appealed for the fourth time.
              The answer was still NO. after all the reasons were given, the answer
              was still NO. Well, they had liberalized then - if you were a new
              employee of a company, the deferment would be allowed. I argued
              strenuously that the key person was more than a new employee. He was a
              new employee of a company for which we had spent millions to acquire.
              No! An acquisition does not constitute the equivalent of a new employee.
              A new employee IS a new employee. Period. The rule book never said that
              the people in a new acquisition are new employees. Therefore they are
              not "new employees", regardless of the fact that their employee status
              are the same in principle. It does not matter if you are Sim Wong Hoo or
              the T21 chairman. NUTS is NUTS.

              It almost drove me NUTS!

              Fortunately, I heard from some people that I would get a better chance
              if I were to call the unit Commanding Officer. I asked for his name and
              phone number and the officer obliged. I managed to track down the CO on
              his handphone at the very last minute. The CO was an understanding man
              because he was also a reservist and in the computer line. The deferment
              was finally granted

              NUTS #5 - Creative NUTS
              We had our equal share of NUTS in Creative and they really drove me NUTS
              because they actually happened right on my head, the CEO of the company.
              Such is the persistence and universality of NUTS.

              First example, the time I needed some CD-ROM replicated for some
              last-minute projects. I knew I had time because, we had an in-house
              CD-ROM replication plant and it would have taken less than one day to
              finish the job, especially my small little job of a few hundred pieces.

              But when my assistant came back, she told me helplessly that they needed
              a one-week lead-time. I almost jumped off my chair. This was a rush job
              for the CEO and they just threw back their standard lead-time at me, it
              was clearly written in their rule-book that the standard lead-time was
              one week - for a rush job. So one week was what you would get even if
              you were the CEO of the company, even if your job was very important.

              I asked them who set the rules? They were the ones who set the rules! I
              was amazed how NUTS they were. Then change the rules, I told them.

              Finally they did it for me in two days.

              There were several of such examples within Creative. And the managers
              sometimes fought with me because that was the only way they could ensure
              the quality of the products. Quality is good when we are shipping
              products to customers. But when we need to rush, it is always during the
              early stages of engineering run, where we need a lot of samples to test.
              Quality then becomes secondary and time is primary. Staff with a NUTS
              mentality would not have the flexibility to do such a switch, unless you
              make another rule. And you can only live within the new rules.

              NUTS #6 - More Creative NUTS
              The second example in Creative has to do with customer support. Creative
              pride ourselves as a company that provides the best technical support.
              All our staff know that. We have 400 people in Oklahoma USA, just
              listening to phone calls alone. We have a small technical/customer
              support team in Singapore serving only the small Singapore market. The
              team is hardworking and dedicated to the company. In general, their
              service is good and efficient - when there are rules.

              There was once when I received a customer"s letter addressed to me
              complaining about our customer support department (CSD) with regards to
              a missing CD from our product. Our CSD insisted that the customer get
              the CD from his dealer who sold him the PC with our product. And the
              customers attached the letters of exchange. It was such a minor issue
              but I felt customer satisfaction was most important. So I wrote a small
              note and asked them to give him the CD and be done with it. CD-ROMs are
              very cheap anyway.

              A few weeks later, I received another letter from this furious customer
              complaining that our CSD wanted to charge him like $15 for the CD
              because it was the responsibility of the dealer to give it to him. And
              he attached even more letters for me to read.

              I was very upset this time because, what could have been a very simple
              and pleasant customer support issue, costing the company less than $1
              for the CD-ROM if people in CSD had just given it to him in the first
              place, now potentially cost the company a bomb:

              Firstly, the CSD"s time to write all those letters of exhange, they are
              way, way over $1. But because of NUTS, our CSD people did not see it.
              They are just trying to follow rules when there are no rules in such
              situation.

              Secondly, the CEO"s time. I had to read about ten letters two times to
              figure out the gist of it all. It must have cost the company thousands
              of dollars. And even after my first instruction to just give him the
              CD-ROM, they still went into a cat and mouse chase to try to ask him to
              pay $15. Someone in CSD probably set the rule that if a customer wanted
              an extra CD-ROM, it would cost him $15 - that is it, regardless of the
              plight of the customer.

              Thirdly,the most expensive part - the harm it had done to our brand
              name. A potentially unhappy customer would hurt the company way beyond
              the customer. He would tell all his friends not to buy from the company.


              But people with NUTS mentality could not see beyond the rules. They
              could not see that a $1 CD-ROM was much, much cheaper than their own
              time, their CEO"s time and the value of the brand name.

              I had to call all the three persons involved in this case to my office
              and explain to them very slowly about our principle of customer support.
              You could not fault them for dedication, they were trying to make an
              extra $15 for the company. Not seeing the big picture of how much more
              it would cost the company. I had told them that for us, the customer"s
              interest is always in the #1 position. I told them that they were the
              "customer"s advocates" - they had to be fighting with me for their
              customer"s interest, rather than the other way round.

              Finally, told them to call up the customer directly, apologize and give
              him the CD-ROM he wanted and ensure that the customer was 100%
              satisfied. If the customers are not satisfied - we should not take their
              money.

              We are moving faster and faster into many uncharted territories, where
              there are no rules. We do not want to be paralyzed by waiting for the
              rule to be formulated before moving - it will be too late. We have to
              discard our NUTS mentality and learn to live in a new world where there
              are no clear rules. Not that it will be a cowboy lawless land. There
              will be broad guiding principles such as common goals, objectives and
              basic integrity to follow. The rest, we have to look at the big picture
              and decide what is the best way to do a job, to achieve our goals.

              Sim Wong Hoo
              Excerpt from "No U-Turn Syndrome (NUTS)"
              Chaotic Thoughts from the Old Millennium
            • Commentary.
              Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt Source: Singapore Review Date: 18 March 2003 Cannot get a job? Well, go pursue a PHD! In yet another display of originality and
              Message 6 of 18 , Mar 17 7:28 PM
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                Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt
                Source: Singapore Review
                Date: 18 March 2003

                Cannot get a job? Well, go pursue a PHD!

                In yet another display of "originality" and "resourcefulness", Singapore's ministry has set-up a Statutory Board on continuing education and training.

                It is uncertain how this would address the current unemployment crisis. Perhaps the ministry may feel that the unemployed who cannot find work can become full time "professional" scholars and embark on a state funded program of "continuing education".

                There is already one such program in existence paying scholars a monthly salary of SGD3,000/- a month to pursue their PHDs in Bio-Chem. All this at tax payers expense of cause.

                At a time when the focus should be on job creation and increasing demand/opportunities for labour, the ministry has set its own agenda to focus instead on continuing education (and hiding the massive over supply in labour). The move is a puzzling one, especially since the unemployment problem is quite wide-spread afflicting most industries.

                True, unemployment rates are relatively higher amongst lower skilled workers, but this is a normal trend in anty situation. The stat board "aims to enhance the employability of Singapore workers". But "employability of Singapore workers" is not the crux of the problem.

                It is not as if there are overwhelming vacancies in certain skilled callings in Singapore's current labour market. So upgrading one's skill sets and qualifications will not assure you of a job if there are no jobs that require your enhanced skill sets. What happens then, well you can join the increasing number of PHDs and graduates who become hawkers and taxi drivers (not thet either are dishourable trades, but do you need a PHD to fry Char Kway Teow?)

                Once again the ministry has unwittingly pinned the problem on the average worker (and his inability to adapt) when in fact the real root of the problem goes to job creation. But then again, pehaps this best describes public policy implementation in Singapore.

                Read on fur further insights into Singapore styled "ingenuity"

                --------------------------------------------------------------------

                Tuesday March 18, 10:17 AM
                New stat board not the answer to all Singapore's labour problems:
                Manpower Minister

                Manpower Minister Lee Boon Yang has said the Ministry's new statutory
                board focusing on continuing education and training is not the answer
                to all Singapore's labour problems.

                Instead, Dr Lee stressed that workers and employers must do their
                part.

                There was a lot of interests among MPs over the new statutory board
                for continuing education and training, or CET.

                Dr Lee outlined the aims of the new CET in Parliament on Monday
                during a debate to approve the budget for the Manpower Ministry.

                "The statutory board will help, but it takes two hands to clap...I
                should add that the statutory board is not, on its own, going to be
                the magic bullet that solves all our employment problems."

                The statutory board, which will take six to nine months to set up,
                aims to enhance the employability of Singapore workers.

                And not just blue-collar workers, but everyone, including
                professionals.

                Dr Lee said: "However, we still need to prioritise and target our
                training assistance...the lower-skilled workers are more vulnerable
                to structural unemployment, they need a little extra help."

                The new statutory board will also collaborate with industry and the
                Economic Development Board to ensure training meets the needs of
                investors.

                But ultimately, Dr Lee noted workers, especially older ones, must
                want retraining and be determined to fight for jobs.

                "Despite the Government's efforts to promote lifelong learning there
                is no queue or mad rush for our training programmes unlike when
                MacDonald was selling 'hello kitty' dolls. Yes, this is a
                disappointment," he said.

                Dr Lee also recounted how in the ministry's hospitality retraining
                and placement programme, 40 percent who were offered and accepted
                jobs, quit within three months because they had to work shifts or on
                public holidays.

                "Maybe I should take Ms Irene Ng's suggestion of Money Back Guarantee
                seriously - those who accepted training subsidies should be asked to
                pay back to Government if they get a job but choose to drop out," he
                said.
              • John Brinsley - Bloomberg
                Top Financial News 03/18 02:14 Treasuries Rise, Dollar Pares Gain; U.S. Raises Terrorist Alert By John Brinsley Tokyo, March 18 (Bloomberg) -- Treasuries
                Message 7 of 18 , Mar 18 12:34 AM
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                  Top Financial News

                  03/18 02:14
                  Treasuries Rise, Dollar Pares Gain; U.S. Raises Terrorist Alert
                  By John Brinsley

                  Tokyo, March 18 (Bloomberg) -- Treasuries rallied, gold rose and the
                  dollar pared gains after President George W. Bush gave Iraqi leader
                  Saddam Hussein 48 hours to flee his country or face attack and the
                  U.S. raised its terror alert level.

                  ``Events in Iraq have reached the final days of decision,'' Bush said
                  yesterday in a televised speech, adding that Hussein and his sons
                  must leave the country or face military action ``at the time of our
                  choosing.'' The U.S. raised its terror threat alert to the second-
                  highest level of ``orange'' or ``high-risk,'' Homeland Security
                  Secretary Tom Ridge said, citing possible attacks.

                  Treasuries rose, pushing yields on the benchmark 10-year note down 2
                  basis points to 3.82 percent at 4:05 p.m. in Tokyo, after increasing
                  14 basis points yesterday. A basis point is 0.01 percentage point.
                  The dollar was at $1.0637 per euro, from $1.0630 yesterday, when it
                  rose to a two-month high on optimism a war will be over quickly. Gold
                  for immediate delivery rose as much as $3.70 to $340.25 an ounce in
                  Asian trading.

                  ``This kind of solution might increase the risk of terrorism,'' said
                  Shinichi Sakai, who helps manage the equivalent of $5.90 billion at
                  Sompo Japan Asset Management Co. ``That doesn't give the market
                  relief'' and increases demand for the safest investments.

                  Crude oil fell for a fourth day on speculation that a U.S.- led war
                  against Iraq will start soon and end quickly with limited disruption
                  to Middle Eastern oil supplies. The countdown means the war might
                  begin as early as this week, analysts said.

                  The U.S. raised its terrorism threat indicator from ``yellow'' or
                  ``elevated risk,'' the third time it has done so since the system was
                  established after the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

                  Bush

                  ``We are taking further actions to protect our homeland,'' Bush said,
                  including increasing security at airports and seaports. Hussein's
                  regime has supported terrorists, including the al-Qaeda group
                  responsible for the Sept. 11 attacks, he said.

                  ``The intelligence community believes that terrorists will attempt
                  multiple attacks against U.S. and coalition targets worldwide in the
                  event of a U.S.-led military campaign against Saddam Hussein,'' Ridge
                  said in a written statement.

                  The dollar was little changed at 118.55 yen after rising as high as
                  118.97 yen, from 118.51 yen late yesterday in New York.

                  ``Concerns about terrorism simply led to dollar selling,'' said
                  Masamichi Koike, senior vice president for foreign exchange at
                  Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group Inc. ``Terrorism poses a big negative
                  impact on the U.S. and consumer sentiment.''

                  Oil

                  Crude oil for April delivery fell as much as $1.16, or 3.9 percent,
                  to $33.80 a barrel in electronic after-hours trading on the New York
                  Mercantile Exchange. Yesterday, oil fell 1.3 percent to $34.93 a
                  barrel in regular floor trading, its lowest closing price since Feb.
                  10.

                  ``It's a matter of hours before the war. We now have more conviction
                  in terms of direction,'' said Christopher Burton, a senior partner at
                  E Street Trading, a commodity futures brokerage in Long Beach,
                  California. ``All eyes are on one thing -- the Iraqi oil fields, how
                  soon they can be secured and whether Saddam will implement a scorched
                  earth policy.''

                  More than 250,000 U.S. and U.K. troops have been deployed to the
                  Persian Gulf. The forces include units in Kuwait that would invade
                  Iraq from the south, backed by B-2 Stealth and B-52 bombers. Three
                  U.S. aircraft carriers are in place and three others are on the way.
                  The U.K. also sent a carrier.
                • Heidi Przybyla - Bloomberg
                  Top World News 03/18 00:06 Bush s Ultimatum Triggers 48-Hour Countdown for Iraq s Hussein By Heidi Przybyla Washington, March 18 (Bloomberg) -- President
                  Message 8 of 18 , Mar 18 12:37 AM
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                    Top World News

                    03/18 00:06
                    Bush's Ultimatum Triggers 48-Hour Countdown for Iraq's Hussein
                    By Heidi Przybyla

                    Washington, March 18 (Bloomberg) -- President George W. Bush
                    triggered a 48-hour global countdown to war by ordering Iraqi leader
                    Saddam Hussein to leave his country or face an attack.

                    In a 14-minute nationally televised address last night, Bush also
                    warned United Nations weapons inspectors and journalists to leave
                    Iraq and said the U.S. is increasing homeland security to prevent
                    terror attacks by Iraqi agents or its terrorist sympathizers.

                    ``It is too late for Saddam Hussein to remain in power,'' Bush said
                    in the prime time speech from the White House.

                    The countdown means a potentially bloody conflict might begin as
                    early as this week, analysts said.

                    Michael O'Hanlon, a defense analyst at the Brookings Institution,
                    said the war is likely to be ``short but potentially rather bloody,''
                    with U.S. and British casualties totaling as many as 1,000 or more if
                    the fighting is fiercest in the streets of Baghdad, the Iraqi
                    capital.

                    Bush, in his speech, urged the Iraqi military to ``permit the
                    peaceful entry of coalition forces to eliminate weapons of mass
                    destruction.''

                    Speaking directly to the Iraqi people, Bush said, ``if war comes, do
                    not fight for a dying regime. It is not worth your own life.''

                    Iraqi soldiers should refuse orders to destroy oil wells or use
                    chemical weapons, Bush said.

                    Bush's ultimatum probably won't convince Hussein to accept exile,
                    Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman John Warner said after being
                    briefed at the White House.

                    Bush didn't say exactly when the 48-hour deadline will expire or when
                    the U.S. attack would begin if Hussein refuses exile.

                    Military action will start ``at a time of our choosing,'' Bush said.

                    Troops Poised

                    The U.S. and U.K. have more than 250,000 troops poised in the Persian
                    Gulf, and a plan for overwhelming missile attacks intended to produce
                    shock and awe in Iraqi forces in the opening hours of a war, analysts
                    said.

                    The shock-and-awe strategy of a near simultaneous air and ground
                    campaign is designed to limit civilian casualties and damage to Iraqi
                    infrastructure the U.S. will have to pay to rebuild, said Anthony
                    Cordesman, a military analyst and director of the Center for
                    Strategic and International Studies.

                    If the Iraqi military puts up a strong fight, the U.S. could suffer
                    heavy casualties that risk eroding public support and inspiring
                    terrorist sympathizers in the Muslim world, some analysts said.

                    The U.S. advantage of high-tech military equipment isn't much help in
                    hand-to-hand urban combat, said Charles Pena, director of defense
                    policy studies at the Cato Institute.

                    Post-War Phase

                    There is no question the U.S. will win the war, said O'Hanlon. The
                    bigger concern is the post-war phase in Iraq, he said.

                    Traditional U.S. allies such as France and Germany may be unwilling
                    to pay a significant portion of reconstruction and humanitarian aid
                    costs, while pictures of Iraqi civilian casualties, likely to be
                    beamed throughout the Muslim world may provoke terror plots aimed at
                    Americans, O'Hanlon said.

                    ``I worry about the terrorist backlash and our being blamed for the
                    war by Arab nations,'' he said. ``We're going to see pictures of Iraq
                    civilian casualties and that's going to inspire terrorist
                    sympathizers.''

                    To prevent such attacks, the nation's terrorism threat indicator was
                    raised to its second-highest level, ``high risk,'' because of the
                    threat of a war with Iraq, Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge said
                    in a written statement.

                    ``The intelligence community believes that terrorists will attempt
                    multiple attacks against U.S. and coalition targets worldwide in the
                    event of a U.S.-led military campaign against Saddam Hussein,'' Ridge
                    said.

                    The higher threat level will prompt additional security at border
                    crossings, near power plants, at airports and other places where
                    large numbers of people congregate, Ridge said.

                    `Every Measure'

                    Bush said in his speech that ``every measure'' has been taken to
                    avoid war in Iraq.

                    He declared diplomatic efforts ended after failing to win support for
                    a second United Nations Security Council resolution stating that
                    Hussein has lost his last chance to disarm. France and Russia had
                    threatened to veto the resolution, saying the UN inspections were
                    making progress and should continue.

                    His speech marked the end of six months of U.S. and U.K. efforts to
                    rally Security Council support for using force to compel Iraq to
                    dismantle its chemical, biological and nuclear weapons programs.

                    Bush Doctrine

                    An Iraq war would be the first war under a doctrine Bush crafted
                    after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks. The administration holds
                    that the U.S. can without provocation confront rogue nations that
                    might pose threats to America.

                    In San Francisco, protesters in tragedy masks and body bags blocked
                    rush-hour traffic yesterday while others lined sidewalks shouting
                    ``Stop the War.''

                    Before Bush spoke, Iraq rejected the U.S. ultimatum, Agence France-
                    Presse reported. Foreign Minister Naji Sabri called Bush ``the No. 1
                    warmonger in the world,'' AFP said.

                    U.S. stocks rose yesterday as some investors anticipated a successful
                    outcome in the war against Iraq, which has the world's second-largest
                    oil reserves. Crude oil fell to a five-week low.

                    Cordesman said the U.S. strategy calls for a ground offensive to ``be
                    really underway on a full scale by probably the fourth day of the
                    war.''

                    Christopher Preble, director of foreign policy studies at the Cato
                    Institute, said a protracted war with casualties risks losing support
                    from the American public.

                    ``The political leaders expect it to go quickly and therefore the
                    American public expects and wants it to go quickly,'' he said. ``If
                    it bogs down then support will inevitably erode.''
                  • RAVI NAMBIAR
                    Singapore SMIs looking to relocate business to Johor By RAVI NAMBIAR BusinessTimes 19 March 2003 SINGAPORE S small- and medium-scale industries (SMIs), which
                    Message 9 of 18 , Mar 18 4:40 PM
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                      Singapore SMIs looking to relocate business to Johor

                      By RAVI NAMBIAR
                      BusinessTimes
                      19 March 2003

                      SINGAPORE'S small- and medium-scale industries (SMIs), which have
                      been affected by the worsening economic conditions at home, are
                      knocking on Johor's door for possible relocation.

                      Johor Corp chief executive Tan Sri Muhammad Ali Hashim said many SMIs
                      are keen to take advantage of Malaysia's lower cost of doing business.

                      He said Johor, which is also seeing a migration of some companies to
                      China, is stepping up efforts to woo companies affected by the
                      economic downturn to relocate to Johor.

                      He added that enquiries from small industries had risen substantially
                      in recent weeks due to the impact on businesses of the economic slump
                      across the Causeway.

                      "The enquiries are coming in. This is good for Johor because we also
                      have a fair share of companies in Pasir Gudang wanting to relocate to
                      China.

                      "For the Singaporean investor looking to relocate his business,
                      Malaysia is definitely a logical choice, and more so Johor because we
                      are just next door.

                      "Johor Corp is stepping up efforts to woo these companies," he told
                      reporters yesterday in Bandar Sri Alam, about 30km from Johor Baru.

                      He was speaking to reporters after launching a New Straits Times-
                      sponsored "Newspapers in Education" workshop in Sekolah Menengah
                      Kebangsaan Bandar Seri Alam.

                      He simultaneously launched a business development project for
                      students, "Tunas Bistari" at the school.

                      Muhammad Ali could not give figures on the actual number of Singapore
                      companies keen to relocate to Johor, but stressed that the numbers
                      were "growing".

                      He said Johor, with its well-developed array of industrial estates
                      and related infrastructure, is a viable alternative for companies in
                      Singapore looking to shift out of the republic.

                      The economic slowdown and the resultant bleak business outlook in
                      Singapore have hit companies in the city-state very hard, with a
                      spate of retrenchments and business closures in recent weeks.

                      "The economic conditions there have gotten so bad that many investors
                      are keen to move out somewhere else that offers a competitive
                      advantage. Johor is such a place," he said.

                      According to the Malaysian Industrial Development Authority, Johor
                      attracted 161 investment projects valued at RM2.1 billion last year —
                      second only to the Klang Valley which secured 215 projects with a
                      total capital outlay of RM4.2 billion.

                      Of the foreign investments received, Singaporean injection of cash
                      into manufacturing projects in Johor last year totalled RM674
                      million, spread over 72 projects which created 8,135 jobs.

                      Singapore has always been one of the top foreign investors in Johor.
                    • Mellanie Hewlitt - Singapore Review
                      Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt Source: Singapore Review Date: 20 March 2003 If there is any sure indication that all is not well within a country, then it must
                      Message 10 of 18 , Mar 19 4:30 PM
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                        Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt
                        Source: Singapore Review
                        Date: 20 March 2003

                        If there is any sure indication that all is not well within a country, then it must surely be that Net Migration rates are rising. Basic rational is that fast deteriorating living conditions will prompt a mass exodus of the local populace.

                        Not only are Net Migration rates on the rise in Singapore, Singapore also has the dubious honour of taking poll position as the country with the highest immigration rate in the world. And it comes as no surprise really, given the dismal and oppressive domestic conditions.

                        So pronounced is the problem (which exacerbates an existing problem of falling birth rates) that the Singapore government has taken a personal front and virtually accused migrating Singaporeans of "deserting" their homeland.

                        Singaporeans are under siege, from a multitude of factors ranging from escalating unemployment rates, indecent costs of living, erosion of assets and personal wealth, to deteriorating quality of life style, all this in a suffocating social environment under a dictatorial regime which suppresses creativity and discourages independent thinking.

                        Latest numbers from GeographyIQ.com, an online world atlas packed with geographic, economic, political, historical and cultural information basically confirm what the world already knows.

                        The local populace have grown disenchanted with the ruling elite. Those who can leave have either left or are leaving. Those who cannot...well they will just have to put-up and shut up..... that’s politics in Singapore for you.

                        http://www.geographyiq.com/ranking/ranking_net_Migration_Rate_dall.htm


                        1. Singapore 26.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        2. Qatar 20.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        3. Anguilla 17.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        4. Kuwait 14.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        5. Croatia 13.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        6. Cayman Islands 12.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        7. San Marino 11.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        8. British Virgin Islands 11.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        9. Afghanistan 11.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        10. Sierra Leone 10.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        11. French Guiana 10.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        12. Luxembourg 9.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        13. Macau 9.25 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        14. Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        15. Eritrea 7.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        16. Hong Kong 7.90 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        17. Monaco 7.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        18. Jordan 7.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        19. Andorra 6.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        20. Canada 6.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        21. Somalia 5.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        22. Liechtenstein 4.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        23. New Zealand 4.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        24. Ireland 4.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        25. Palau 4.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                        26. Australia 4.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population


                        Net migration = immigration - emigration in one year. Net migration
                        is simply the number of people who enter the country (immigration)
                        minus the number of people who leave the country (emigration) in the
                        course of a year. For example, if there are 5,000 immigrants and
                        1,000 emigrants, net migration is 4,000 per year (5,000 - 1,000 =
                        4,000).

                        Rate of net migration = (net migration / 1,000 population) / 10.
                        Remember that, in our example, net migration was 4,000 for a
                        population of 2,000,000. What then is the number of migrants per
                        1,000 population? As was the case when we calculated the crude birth
                        and crude death rates, we must divide the population size by 2,000 to
                        insure that we are dealing with 1,000 members of the population
                        (2,000,000 / 2,000 = 1,000). In order to maintain equivalence on both
                        sides of the equation, the net migration of 4,000 must also be
                        divided by 2,000 (4,000 / 2,000 = 2). Finally, we divide 2 by 10 to
                        arrive at the rate of net migration expressed in percent per
                        year: .2% per year (2 / 10 = .2).

                        ----------------------------------------------------------------------


                        From: Agence France Presse
                        Date: Sat Mar 8, 2003 3:36 pm
                        Subject: More Singaporeans want to migrate

                        INCREASING numbers of Singaporeans are planning to leave the country
                        largely due to the high-stress lifestyle here, and Australia is the
                        most popular destination, poll results showed Thursday, Feb 27.

                        Agence France Presse February 27, 2003 The Straits Times Interactive
                        website's poll which drew 797 responses showed 43 percent wanted to
                        migrate because it was too stressful in Singapore, 20 percent cited
                        limited job opportunities, and 19 percent complained of high living
                        costs.
                        The rest were joining their families, or leaving because they were
                        laid off.

                        Western countries were the choice destination for Singaporeans with
                        35 percent choosing laid-back Australia as their choice of a new
                        home, and the US the second most popular destination with a vote of
                        15 percent.

                        Next on the list were Canada and New Zealand.

                        Figures from the Australian High Commission showed more than 2,000
                        Singaporeans were granted permanent residency (PR) in 2001, up by
                        400 from the previous year, the Straits Times newspaper said in a
                        report.

                        In the first half of 2002 alone, 1200 Singaporeans were given PR
                        status Down Under.

                        The number of Singaporeans who migrated to the US surged from 389 in
                        1998 to 1108 in 2001.

                        Last year, Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong sparked a rare public outcry
                        in the city-state when he described Singaporeans who left the
                        country as "quitters."

                        "Applying for another country's PR doesn't mean we are deserting
                        Singapore. We see ourselves as Singapore's ambassadors to other
                        countries," said Evonne Yeo, who is planning to migrate with her
                        family to Australia.
                        ellanie Hewlitt
                      • Tomoko Yamazaki - Bloomberg
                        03/19 21:50 Asian Stocks Rise as War Begins in Iraq; Toyota, Exporters Gain By Tomoko Yamazaki Tokyo, March 20 (Bloomberg) -- Asian stocks rose after the White
                        Message 11 of 18 , Mar 19 7:24 PM
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                          03/19 21:50
                          Asian Stocks Rise as War Begins in Iraq; Toyota, Exporters Gain
                          By Tomoko Yamazaki

                          Tokyo, March 20 (Bloomberg) -- Asian stocks rose after the White
                          House said the attack on Iraq has begun. Exporters such as Toyota
                          Motor Corp. and Hyundai Motor Co. paced gains.

                          U.S. President George W. Bush will make an address at 10:15 p.m.
                          Washington time.

                          ``We can see the light at the end of the tunnel, or a resolution of
                          this problem that has just been dragging on forever and ever it
                          seems,'' said Alex Muromcew, who helps manage $600 million in stocks
                          globally for Loomis Sayles & Co. in San Francisco. ``Markets hate
                          uncertainty.''

                          Japan's Nikkei 225 Stock Average gained 2.2 percent to 8226.30 at the
                          11 a.m. lunch break in Tokyo. The Nikkei has added 4.5 percent in the
                          three days since Bush issued as ultimatum to Saddam Hussein to go
                          into exile.

                          South Korea's Kospi index jumped 3.3 percent, as Samsung Electronics
                          Co. and other exporters gained on expectations demand will rebound as
                          the economy revives following the war.

                          Singapore's Straits Times Index climbed 1.9 percent, led by Chartered
                          Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. and other computer- related shares.
                          Every benchmark index in the region advanced, except those in China
                          which were little changed.

                          Muromcew said he's refraining from making large trades before knowing
                          the outcome of the war. Loomis Sayles's fund holds shares in Canon
                          Inc. and Rohm Co.

                          Exporters

                          Japan's Topix index advanced 2.2 percent to 806.28, with automakers
                          and computer-related shares accounting for about a quarter of the
                          index's gain.

                          Nikkei 225 futures for June delivery gained 2 percent to 8210 in
                          Osaka and added 2 percent to 8195 in Singapore.

                          Toyota, the world's third-largest automaker, gained 2.2 percent to
                          2,830 yen. Sony Corp., which relies on the U.S. for more than a
                          quarter of its sales, climbed 2.8 percent to 4,470 yen.

                          Hyundai Motor, South Korea's biggest carmaker that sells most of its
                          cars overseas, rose 3 percent to 23,900 won. Samsung Electronics, the
                          world's largest computer-memory chipmaker, gained 2.2 percent to
                          302,500 won.

                          ``Once war starts, it will finally get rid of all the uncertainty
                          that's dragged the market,'' said Jo Yong Chan, a market analyst at
                          Daishin Economic Research Institute.

                          The Kospi rose 18.01 to 559.79. Kospi 200 futures advanced 1.8
                          percent to 70.55, while the underlying index gained 2.4 percent to
                          70.70.

                          SK Global Co., which last week said it misstated 2001 financial
                          results by over 1.5 trillion won ($1.2 billion), rose 4 percent to
                          3,535 won after its creditors gave the company three more months to
                          pay $5.3 billion of debt.

                          Singapore

                          The Straits Times jumped 27.19 to 1312.20, its third day of gains.
                          The index's underlying futures contract hasn't traded yet.

                          Chartered, which gets about two-thirds of its revenue from the U.S.,
                          climbed 1.5 percent to 68.5 Singapore cents. Venture Corp., the
                          island's largest electronics maker for companies such as Hewlett-
                          Packard Co., rose 2 percent to S$15.

                          Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp., the island's smallest bank, jumped 5.6
                          percent to S$9.50 after the lender said it will pay shareholders a
                          special dividend of 49.75 Singapore cents (28 U.S. cents) a share.

                          The bank said yesterday shareholders will also have the option of
                          receiving preferred shares at 99.5 cents per share. The preferred
                          shares are expected to pay a dividend of 4 percent to 5

                          The S&P/ASX 200 added 0.9 percent to 2873.20. The benchmark's futures
                          contract due in March gained 0.4 percent to 2851. News Corp. rose 4
                          percent to A$11.09. News Corp., the world's fifth- largest media
                          company, gets three-quarters of its sales in the U.S.

                          ``People seem confident that there is going to be war and that it's
                          going to be fast,'' said Brian Parker, who helps manage the
                          equivalent of $3.6 billion of stocks and bonds as an equities
                          strategist at Citigroup Asset Management in Sydney. ``Still, we just
                          don't know; war is always uncertain.''
                        • Bill Schmick - Bloomberg
                          Top World News 03/19 22:07 U.S. Attacks Iraq, Beginning War to Disarm Saddam Hussein By Bill Schmick Washington, March 19 (Bloomberg) -- U.S. forces attacked
                          Message 12 of 18 , Mar 19 7:30 PM
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Top World News

                            03/19 22:07
                            U.S. Attacks Iraq, Beginning War to Disarm Saddam Hussein
                            By Bill Schmick

                            Washington, March 19 (Bloomberg) -- U.S. forces attacked Iraq,
                            opening the war that President George W. Bush says is necessary to
                            disarm Saddam Hussein and remove him from power.

                            ``The disarmament of the Iraqi regime'' has begun, White House
                            spokesman Ari Fleischer said, as air raid sirens were heard and anti-
                            aircraft batteries opened fire in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad.

                            A cruise missile was fired at ``a target of opportunity,'' Cable News
                            Network said, citing unidentified Pentagon officials.

                            Fleischer said Bush will address the nation at 10:15 p.m. Washington
                            time.

                            The attack came after Hussein defied an ultimatum from Bush to leave
                            Iraq by 8 p.m. Washington time. Bush says he took the offensive
                            because the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist strikes on New York City and
                            Washington forced the U.S. to change its defense policy to include
                            preemptive action against groups or countries that pose a threat.

                            The U.S. remains at its second-highest level of alert for terrorist
                            attacks -- ``high risk'' -- with security tightened at airports,
                            harbors, borders and chemical plants and airspace restricted around
                            Washington, New York and other major cities.

                            More than 250,000 U.S. and U.K. troops are in the Persian Gulf
                            region. The U.S. has five aircraft carrier battle groups in the area
                            and a sixth, the USS Nimitz, is on the way.

                            Scorning the UN

                            Iraq for 12 years has scorned United Nations' mandates to get rid of
                            its weapons of mass destruction, Bush says. Hussein has used chemical
                            and biological weapons before and is willing to do so again and to
                            share them with terrorists, U.S. officials have said.

                            Of the five permanent members of the Security Council, only the U.S.
                            and Britain supported a war. France, Russia and China said UN weapons
                            inspectors should be given more time and France vowed to veto any
                            resolution endorsing war.

                            ``The United Nations Security Council has not lived up to its
                            responsibilities, so we will rise to ours,'' Bush said in a March 17
                            speech in which he told Hussein and his sons to leave Iraq or face an
                            invasion.

                            Spain and Bulgaria, nonpermanent members of the council, also backed
                            the attacks, and the U.S. says 45 nations in all support the action.

                            Bush has vowed a ``fast and furious'' war dominated by new technology
                            that allows speedier communications, greater mobility and more
                            precise targeting.

                            Iraq's Forces

                            Ninety percent of U.S. warplanes are equipped to drop laser- guided
                            bombs. That compares with less than 10 percent in January 1991, when
                            Bush's father, former president George H. W. Bush, ordered an attack
                            on Iraqi forces that had invaded Kuwait.

                            That conflict, the Persian Gulf War, ended after six weeks of bombing
                            by the U.S. and allies, followed by a 100-hour ground invasion that
                            drove Iraqi soldiers back to Baghdad.

                            The UN backed that attack and the U.S. led a coalition of more than
                            50 countries; 38 of them contributed more than 200,000 troops, more
                            than 60 warships, 750 aircraft and 1,200 tanks.

                            Iraq's forces since 1991 ``have atrophied in terms of equipment and
                            training,'' General Richard Myers, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs,
                            said in a speech in February.

                            They're ``probably 60 percent of what they were then,'' he said.
                            ``The big unknown is whether they will use biological or chemical
                            weapons.''

                            Hussein used those weapons during a 1980-1988 war against neighboring
                            Iran and again on his own people in suppressing a 1988 civil
                            uprising, U.S. officials note.

                            Urban Warfare

                            Each U.S. soldier in the region has two suits designed to protect
                            against chemical and biological attacks, the Pentagon says. The
                            outfit can be worn over combat clothing and is considered effective
                            for up to 45 days or six cleanings. Once contaminated, the suit
                            provides 24 hours of protection.

                            Another worry is the likelihood of urban warfare that would draw out
                            the conflict and increase civilian casualties. The U.S. says Iraq has
                            put soldiers and military equipment at civilian, religious and
                            historical sites in Baghdad and other major cities.

                            Iraq reasons that some of these sites will be struck, killing
                            civilians and inflaming the Arab world and other public opinion
                            against the U.S., a Pentagon official told reporters.

                            Hussein took control of Iraq in 1979 at the age of 42 and invaded
                            neighboring Iran the following year. That war left Iraq more than $60
                            billion in debt. UN sanctions imposed after the Persian Gulf War
                            further damaged Iraq's economy by restricting exports of oil.

                            Oil Prices

                            The UN later allowed Iraq to export oil and mandated that the revenue
                            be used to buy food and medicine. The U.S. says Hussein also sells
                            oil through illegal channels, raising money for arms programs.

                            Iraq has the world's second-largest oil reserves after Saudi Arabia
                            and pumps about 3 percent of the world's oil. It is the third-largest
                            producer in the Middle East and the sixth-largest supplier to the
                            U.S.

                            Crude oil prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange soared 61
                            percent from mid-November to $39.99 a barrel on Feb. 27 amid
                            speculation a war would disrupt distribution. Prices fell below $30 a
                            barrel on Thursday on expectations a conflict would be brief and have
                            little effect on supplies.

                            New York prices peaked at a record $41.15 a barrel in October 1990
                            after Iraq invaded Kuwait. Oil then plunged by a third on Jan. 17,
                            1991, after U.S.-led forces began their air attack.

                            U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham has pledged to tap the
                            country's Strategic Petroleum Reserve to cover shortages. The reserve
                            stands at 600 million barrels, equal to about 272 days of U.S.
                            imports from the Persian Gulf, based on the average over the past 12
                            months.

                            No-Fly Zones

                            After the 1991 war, Hussein pledged to halt development of weapons of
                            mass destruction and to let UN inspectors verify that. The inspectors
                            said Hussein repeatedly violated this agreement and they left Iraq in
                            December 1998 after being refused access to some sites. Hussein
                            wouldn't let them return.

                            The U.S. and U.K. banned Iraqi flights over parts of north and south
                            Iraq in a bid to protect the Kurdish minority in the north and the
                            Shi'ite Muslim population in the south, both areas of opposition to
                            Hussein.

                            Iraq doesn't recognize the no-fly zones. Its forces have fired on
                            coalition aircraft patrolling them and been struck in return with
                            bombs and missiles.

                            The U.S. says the UN sanctions didn't stop Iraq from rebuilding its
                            air defenses and equipping them with more sophisticated radar and
                            communications gear. Allied planes have hammered these defenses in
                            recent weeks.

                            `Axis of Evil'

                            Bush stepped up criticism of Iraq following the Sept. 11 attacks. He
                            vowed to press for the ``regime change'' that's been U.S. policy
                            since October 1998. In his State of the Union address in January
                            2002, Bush labeled Iraq part of an ``axis of evil,'' along with Iran
                            and North Korea.

                            Bush made his case to the UN and on Nov. 8 the world body passed a
                            resolution demanding that Iraq disclose its arms programs and let
                            inspectors return. They went back Nov. 27.

                            In public reports on the inspections, chief inspector Hans Blix both
                            criticized and praised Iraq, citing evidence of cooperation as well
                            as resistance. He said on March 7 that his team needed ``months'' to
                            finish the job.

                            The U.S., U.K. and Spain on Feb. 24 introduced another UN resolution -
                            - the 18th since the 1991 war -- saying that Iraq had lost its
                            ``final opportunity'' to cooperate.

                            France and other U.S. allies argued for continuing the policy of
                            ``containing'' Iraq that was adopted after the Persian Gulf War. The
                            U.S. said that hadn't worked, and that Hussein's weapons and alleged
                            ties to terrorists meant he must be disarmed.
                          • CNN
                            First strike targeted Saddam Thursday, March 20, 2003 Posted: 12:47 AM EST (0547 GMT) A flash is seen on the horizon shortly before dawn in Baghdad Thursday.
                            Message 13 of 18 , Mar 20 12:00 AM
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                              First strike targeted Saddam
                              Thursday, March 20, 2003 Posted: 12:47 AM EST (0547 GMT)

                              A flash is seen on the horizon shortly before dawn in Baghdad
                              Thursday.

                              USS Donald Cook launches Tomahawk missiles from its position in the
                              Red Sea

                              WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The first move of the U.S.-led attack against
                              Iraq early Thursday was a "decapitation strike" using Tomahawk cruise
                              missiles intended to kill Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein, Pentagon
                              sources told CNN.

                              Administration sources said the decision to strike came after a
                              nearly four-hour meeting in the White House Oval Office in which CIA
                              Director George Tenet and Pentagon officials told President Bush they
                              could lose the "target of opportunity" if they didn't act quick; Bush
                              then gave the green light.

                              Whether the mission succeeded is not known. But Pentagon officials
                              said it is very difficult to successfully target a single person on
                              the ground in such a bombing.

                              More than 40 satellite-guided Tomahawk cruise missiles were fired
                              from U.S. warships in the Red Sea and Persian Gulf, military
                              officials said.

                              F117 stealth fighters, which carry two 2,000-pound bombs apiece, also
                              were involved in strikes apparently on a target other than Saddam.

                              Air raid sirens were heard in Baghdad at about 5:30 a.m. Thursday
                              (9:30 p.m. Wednesday ET) about 90 minutes after the U.S. deadline for
                              Saddam to step down or face a U.S.-led military attack.

                              Bush, in a brief address from the White House less than an hour after
                              the strike began, said the attack was aimed at "selected targets of
                              military importance."
                            • ASIA PULSE
                              Friday March 21, 8:16 AM Singapore Airlines to Reduce Flights as Demand Falls SYDNEY, March 21 Asia Pulse - Singapore Airlines Ltd (SGX:SIAL) will reduce
                              Message 14 of 18 , Mar 20 4:43 PM
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                                Friday March 21, 8:16 AM

                                Singapore Airlines to Reduce Flights as Demand Falls

                                SYDNEY, March 21 Asia Pulse - Singapore Airlines Ltd (SGX:SIAL) will
                                reduce services from late March in response to softening demand
                                riding on fears regarding the Middle East.

                                The airline said there had been a softening of demand in the last few
                                weeks ahead of the anticipated war in Iraq.

                                A total of 65 services per week will be suspended, however there are
                                no service suspensions to or from Australia and New Zealand, the
                                airline said.

                                Singapore Airlines said it would continue to monitor the
                                international situation and make adjustments to match capacity with
                                demand where necessary.

                                Singapore Airline's local offices would be endeavouring to contact
                                passengers or their travel agents as soon as possible to provide
                                details of the flight changes and to make arrangements for their
                                bookings onto other scheduled services.

                                The airline said services affected would include services to Europe,
                                services to the United States, services to North Asia, to South East
                                Asia and to West Asia and Africa.

                                The airline said European services to be suspended from March 30 to
                                May 31 would include all those to Brussels and Madrid.

                                Services to be reduced in frequency in the April to May period would
                                include those to Frankfurt, Manchester and Amsterdam.

                                The airline said for most of April and May all services to Las Vegas
                                and Chicago would be suspended.

                                During the same period services to San Francisco, Los Angeles and New
                                York would be reduced.

                                In the wider Asian region during April and May, services to Seoul,
                                Hong Kong, Nagoya, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Taipei, Kaohsiung Jakarta,
                                Denpasar-Bali Surabaya and Kuala Lumpur would be reduced in frequency.

                                ASIA PULSE

                                -------------------------------------------------------------------


                                Friday March 21, 12:38 AM

                                More Airlines Cancel Flights As War Breaks Out In Iraq

                                CAIRO (AP)--More airlines canceled flights Thursday in response to the start of war in Iraq, while others sent special planes to ferry their nationals home.

                                Lufthansa (G.LHA) canceled all of its flights from Germany to Tel Aviv, Israel; Amman, Jordan; Beirut, Lebanon; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for Thursday and Friday and said it would reassess the situation this weekend.

                                Even Singapore Airlines (P.SAL), which remained profitable even after the Sept. 11 terror attacks, said it was suspending 65 weekly flights due to "softening demand" as a result of the war.

                                Other airlines, including Air New Zealand (A.AIZ), Qantas (A.QAN) and Air Canada (T.AC), reported passengers were canceling reservations or asking to postpone them because of the war.

                                Airlines from India, Pakistan and Egypt sent extra planes to Kuwait to evacuate nationals who had left Iraq ahead of the U.S.-led attack, officials said.

                                More than 1 million Indian and 60,000 Pakistani workers are in the region. Evacuations are voluntary, but both India and Pakistan have announced emergency plans in case the situation worsens.

                                Thai Airways International (H.TAI) suspended flights from Bangkok to Kuwait and Bahrain, but said it is working with the Thai Foreign Ministry to establish "safe zones" in Abu Dhabi and Dubai from which it will help evacuate Thai workers.

                                Azerbaijan State Airlines offered the nation's main airport so civilian aircraft that usually refuel in Persian Gulf states would instead be able refuel in the Azerbaijani capital of Baku.

                                Meanwhile, other airlines worldwide announced they were canceling or scaling back Mideast flights, including Greek national carrier Olympic Airways (I.OAI), and Austrian Airlines.

                                British Airways (BAB) suspended service earlier to Tel Aviv and Kuwait, but said flights to other Mideast destinations were operating normally, as did Air France (F.AFG) and Spain's Iberia.

                                Dutch carrier KLM (KLM) canceled flights to Kuwait and Amman.

                                SriLankan Airlines canceled weekly flights to Kuwait and rerouted its other flights to avoid conflict zones in and near Iraq. Malaysian Airline canceled flights through Monday to Cairo, Dubai, Beirut and Istanbul. Russia's Aeroflot Airlines has suspended flights to and from Jordan until April 6, but said its service to other Mideast destinations would continue.

                                Bahrain-based Gulf Air canceled its two flights Thursday to Kuwait and said further decisions would be made "as the conflict evolves.
                              • CNN
                                U.S., coalition troops push into Iraq U.S. and British forces clash with Iraqi troops Thursday, March 20, 2003 Posted: 7:36 PM EST (0036 GMT) Smoke and flames
                                Message 15 of 18 , Mar 20 4:57 PM
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                                  U.S., coalition troops push into Iraq
                                  U.S. and British forces clash with Iraqi troops
                                  Thursday, March 20, 2003 Posted: 7:36 PM EST (0036 GMT)

                                  Smoke and flames appear in the sky over Baghdad following an
                                  explosion on Thursday evening.

                                  BAGHDAD, Iraq (CNN) -- Airstrikes on Baghdad continued as U.S. and
                                  British forces moved into Iraq from the southeastern border with
                                  Kuwait and clashed with Iraqi forces, according to coalition military
                                  officials.

                                  Iraqi officials, speaking early Friday on Iraqi television,
                                  said "enemy forces have tried to violate" their borders in the south
                                  and west.

                                  Soldiers from the 3rd Squadron of the 7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, lead
                                  element of the 3rd Infantry Division, clashed with Iraqi troops
                                  across the Kuwaiti border Thursday night. Army sources told CNN that
                                  soldiers destroyed a number of Iraqi military vehicles.

                                  A group of Kiowa scout helicopters, flying no more than 50 feet above
                                  the ground, led a convoy of Bradley fighting vehicles and M-1 Abrams
                                  tanks.

                                  The first coalition forces began crossing into Iraq about 8 p.m.
                                  (noon ET) Thursday. Among the first were U.S. Marines of the 1st
                                  Marine Expeditionary Force, accompanied by a thunderous aerial and
                                  artillery barrage on Iraqi positions that felt "like an earthquake,"
                                  according to a New York Times reporter on the scene.

                                  The Marines encountered two Iraqi armored personnel carriers and
                                  destroyed them. (Full story)

                                  British troops moved into the Al Faw Peninsula of southern Iraq but
                                  had not yet captured the border town of Umm Qasr, a British military
                                  spokesman told CNN. Kuwaiti media reported earlier Umm Qasr had been
                                  occupied by advancing troops.

                                  The Al Faw Peninsula runs from the Iraqi city of Basra to the Persian
                                  Gulf and is home to a significant portion of Iraq's oil industry.

                                  Iraqi television early Friday said the targets hit by coalition
                                  forces included a military site in the southern city of Basra, near
                                  the Kuwaiti border, and another target in Akashat, a town about 300
                                  miles west of Baghdad near the Syrian border. Iraqi television
                                  reported four Iraqi soldiers were killed.

                                  In Washington, President Bush met Thursday with his Cabinet to review
                                  strategies for Iraq. Speaking to reporters, Bush said the "coalition
                                  of the willing" had grown to more than 40 countries.

                                  He said Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld briefed him on the "early
                                  stages of the war," reporting the men and women of the U.S. military
                                  had "performed with great skill and bravery." (Transcript)

                                  On Thursday night in Baghdad, an intense U.S. and coalition bombing
                                  attack rocked the Iraqi capital with a succession of explosions and
                                  fires that destroyed at least two buildings -- including the
                                  government facility containing the offices of Deputy Prime Minister
                                  Tariq Aziz.

                                  U.S. officials said about 20 cruise missiles were launched in the
                                  most recent attacks from U.S. Navy ships and submarines in the Red
                                  Sea and Persian Gulf and -- for the first time -- from two British
                                  submarines.

                                  U.S. officials said the strikes were part of a psychological warfare
                                  campaign to ratchet up the tension among Iraq troops and their high
                                  command ahead of the main bombardment.

                                  These officials said the strikes were meant to send a message to
                                  those in Iraqi uniforms: To make them think that U.S. planes are
                                  coming after them each and every night.

                                  The strikes began at dawn in Baghdad on Thursday morning, with cruise
                                  missiles and "bunker buster" bombs raining down on a leadership
                                  compound where Saddam Hussein and his two sons, Uday and Qusay, may
                                  have been.

                                  In all, more than 60 cruise missiles have been fired at targets in
                                  and around Baghdad since hostilities began, U.S. officials told CNN.

                                  Other developments
                                  • Pentagon officials confirmed U.S. Special Forces were performing
                                  reconnaissance missions in southern Iraq.

                                  • British Prime Minister Tony Blair said Thursday he ordered British
                                  forces to take part in the U.S.-led military action in Iraq to
                                  protect against a new threat of "disorder and chaos" that comes from
                                  brutal regimes like Iraq or from terrorist groups. (Full story)

                                  • Iraqi television broadcast a taped message from Saddam that
                                  denounced the U.S.-led military campaign as "criminal" and said his
                                  countrymen would be victorious. U.S. intelligence specialists were
                                  examining the tape to determine whether the speaker was Saddam or a
                                  double. (Full story, text of speech)

                                  • Rumsfeld urged Iraqi leaders to surrender, warning the U.S. assault
                                  would be "of a force and scope and scale that is beyond what has been
                                  seen before." (Full story)

                                  • Iraq responded to Thursday's attack by firing at least four
                                  missiles into northern Kuwait, two of which U.S. Patriot missiles
                                  intercepted, U.S. military officials said. U.S. forces sounded
                                  numerous alerts in the hours after the strikes, sending troops at
                                  several bases scrambling for chemical protection gear and running for
                                  bunkers. Air raid sirens also sounded in Kuwait City. (Full story)

                                  • The United States asked governments around the world to expel Iraqi
                                  ambassadors and to temporarily suspend embassy services at Iraqi
                                  embassies, CNN learned. The move seeks to delegitimize Saddam's
                                  regime and prepare the diplomatic groundwork for a new Iraqi
                                  government, a senior administration official told CNN. (Full story)

                                  An S-3 Viking assigned to the Red Griffins of Sea Control Squadron 38
                                  is launched from the flight deck aboard the aircraft carrier USS
                                  Constellation during night flight operations Thursday.
                                  • The Turkish parliament voted Thursday to let U.S. warplanes use
                                  Turkey's airspace to launch strikes against Iraq and to allow the
                                  Turkish military to enter northern Iraq. (Full story)

                                  • U.S. military officials confirmed oil wells were burning in
                                  southern Iraq near the Kuwaiti border. Rumsfeld said the Pentagon had
                                  reports Iraqi forces set "as many as three or four" wells ablaze in
                                  the southern part of the country. (Full story)

                                  • U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan Thursday urged nations to act
                                  quickly to meet Iraq's humanitarian needs. (Full story)

                                  CNN correspondents Rym Brahimi, Ryan Chilcote, David Ensor, Dr.
                                  Sanjay Gupta, John King, Art Harris, Nic Robertson, Walter Rodgers,
                                  Barbara Starr and Lisa Rose Weaver and producer Elise Labott
                                  contributed to this report.

                                  EDITOR'S NOTE: CNN's policy is to not report information that puts
                                  operational security at risk.
                                • Straits Times
                                  Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt Source: Singapore Review Date: 21 March 2003 It seems in latest policy change, the Singapore government have taken to laying the
                                  Message 16 of 18 , Mar 20 8:54 PM
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                                    Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt
                                    Source: Singapore Review
                                    Date: 21 March 2003

                                    It seems in latest policy change, the Singapore government have taken
                                    to laying the blame on cupid and the stork for the island state's
                                    declining birth rates.

                                    Singapore already has the dubious distinction of having the world's
                                    highest Net Migration rate.

                                    http://www.geographyiq.com/ranking/ranking_net_Migration_Rate_dall.htm

                                    But are the stork and cupid really to blame? Singaporeans are under
                                    siege, from a multitude of factors ranging from escalating
                                    unemployment rates, indecent costs of living, erosion of assets and
                                    personal wealth, to deteriorating quality of life style, all this in
                                    a suffocating social environment under a dictatorial regime which
                                    suppresses creativity and discourages independent thinking.

                                    These are hardly ideal conditions for procreation and reproduction.
                                    These same oppressive dismal conditions which prompted a mass exodus of
                                    the populace, are also deterring those who make the island their home
                                    from starting a family.

                                    Well the answer was in a previous issue of Singapore
                                    Review "Singapore Needs A Little Love, Compassion & Love Potion 99?"
                                    (also attached below) which the Straits Times has "tactfully"
                                    neglected to publish. But the truth is hard to swallow.

                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------

                                    Straits Times

                                    MARCH 21, 2003
                                    Govt queried: Why have Cupid and the stork failed?

                                    MPs criticise policies that haven't succeeded in encouraging more
                                    singles to get married and in increasing the birthrate in Singapore

                                    CUPID and the stork flew into Parliament for a scolding yesterday as
                                    MPs questioned why Singapore's approach to get singles to tie the
                                    knot and have babies has failed.

                                    They did not hold back their punches as they called on the Government
                                    to relook its policies that have neither stopped nor reversed the
                                    declining marriage and fertility rates.

                                    And MPs were not short of policies to pummel, wrestling with issues
                                    such as abortion, childcare, infant care and matchmaking agencies.

                                    Nominated MP Jennifer Lee suggested that Singapore should not repeat
                                    the policy failures of conservative countries like Spain and Italy in
                                    getting their birthrates up, and instead turn to the Scandinavian
                                    countries which have bucked the trend.

                                    Was Singapore just going to throw in the towel and depend on
                                    immigrants to boost the population figures? Or was it prepared to
                                    pull out all the stops, the way Norway and Finland had done, she
                                    asked.

                                    She noted that these Scandinavian countries offered parents generous
                                    childcare subsidies and paternity leave and encouraged the father's
                                    involvement in raising children. 'It is an issue that's as important,
                                    if not more so than cost competitiveness, which is getting so much
                                    attention now, and the quality of our workforce. It addresses the
                                    fact of whether we will have a workforce at all.'

                                    But to get babies, Singaporeans need to get hitched and Dr Mohamad
                                    Maliki Osman (Sembawang GRC) wanted to know just how good Cupid had
                                    been at the Social Development Unit, which turns 20 next year.

                                    He was not happy with the abortion rate of about 12,000 babies a year
                                    either, lamenting: 'Every unborn child is a loss to our country.'

                                    Echoing this view, Miss Irene Ng (Tampines GRC) asked why
                                    Singaporeans do not 'go into a moral tizzy' over legalised abortion.
                                    They get upset at irresponsible parents who abandon their babies and
                                    yet baulk at the idea of a baby drop centre.

                                    She urged the Government to consider the Safe-haven Baby Abandonment
                                    laws in many states in the United States and developed countries.

                                    These laws allow a parent to drop off an infant anonymously at
                                    certain identified safe places.

                                    She and other MPs also asked if more can be done to provide
                                    affordable infant-care facilities for babies below 18 months.

                                    Acting Community Development and Sports Minister Yaacob Ibrahim will
                                    have a chance to reply today when the debate on his ministry's budget
                                    continues.

                                    Copyright @ 2003 Singapore Press Holdings. All rights reserved.
                                    ----------------------------------------------------------------------

                                    An amusing perception of the Singapore Procreation Process.

                                    By Mellanie Hewlitt
                                    Source: Singapore Review
                                    Date: Feb 24, 2003

                                    Singapore Needs A Little Love, Compassion & Love Potion 99?

                                    Everything runs like clockwork in squeaky clean, efficient little
                                    Singapore. Well, almost everything at least. And what does the Ruling
                                    Elite do if there is a problem in their neat tidy backyard? They
                                    address it by way of laws, fines, taxes, imprisonments and law
                                    suites, this after all is the PAP way. It has worked in the past and
                                    it will always work in the future. But then again perhaps not.

                                    The tiny city state and its ever paternalistic government have a
                                    problem which cannot be solved by the usual cocktail of laws, fines,
                                    litigation and campaigns. This problem is a highly personal one which
                                    extends into the private bedrooms of its citizens. How does a well
                                    meaning parent tell its usually compliant and obedient children
                                    to "get on with it", to "make hay whilst the sun shines" and more
                                    directly put, to "go forth, procreate, multiply and reproduce."?

                                    Along with the status of a developed nation, Singapore has also
                                    inherited its trade mark problems. Its population (particularly the
                                    better educated and wealthier Chinese majority) is not replacing
                                    itself and birth rates have been declining continously over the
                                    years. And this is a problem which the paternalistic government
                                    cannot address in its usual draconian style. No, you cannot impose a
                                    fine, and neither can you pass a law to solve this sensitive issue.
                                    And if left unaddressed, there is every potential that the little
                                    city-state with its population of 4 million people will "develop"
                                    itself to extinction.

                                    The task is growing more urgent because the birth rate among
                                    Singapore's four million people is falling steadily and now
                                    languishes at 1.4 children per woman. That's below the 2.1
                                    demographers say is necessary for a population to replace itself.

                                    In the past, Singapore's ruling elite have approached the problem
                                    with their usual efficiency and diligence, by way of campaigns and
                                    policy implementations. Indeed, their attempt to play cupid had not
                                    gone unnoticed and has been the source of much amusement (see
                                    previous article attached below; "Government Promotes Unions Of Its
                                    Best and Brightest; Soul Mates in 7 Minutes?", The Wallstreet
                                    Journal, 30 Jan 2003).

                                    After several failed attempts, the "Powers that be" finally realized
                                    that (at least for matters of the heart, and bedroom type activities)
                                    they cannot point a gun to a person's head and mandate him/her to
                                    kick start the domestic baby making factory. No Mr Lee, it does not
                                    work this way, that's not how Adam and Eve started out, and that's
                                    certainly not how the Good Lord created the universe.

                                    Perhaps one reason for the government's dismal failures is the
                                    overwhelming emphasis on academic qualifications and other "hard
                                    factors". The government set-up two different social units to
                                    encourage marriage amongst the younger generation. One for graduates
                                    (SDU, Singapore's best and brightest?) and one for non-graduates
                                    (SDS). The underlying message of cause was that new generation of
                                    Singaporeans should choose their partners and marry within the
                                    confines of their own designated Academic Caste System. Hence, it is
                                    small wonder why many younger and more liberal minded Singaporeans
                                    find this archaic medieval academic caste system highly objectionable
                                    and terribly unromantic.

                                    Many may also remember the infamous "Graduate Mother Scheme" which
                                    the government tried to implement a decade ago. For those who are
                                    unfamiliar, it would be best described as the PAP's way to implement
                                    their version of the Laws of Un-Natural Selection, and propagate the
                                    ruling elite's own twisted version of the theory of evolution.
                                    Graduate couples were then given huge financial incentives and
                                    support to have more children. The rationale being that children from
                                    graduate couples were more likely to be intelligent and gifted. Of
                                    cause the flip side of the equation logically implied that children
                                    of non-graduate parents were total misfits and genetically inferior!

                                    This measure of the worth of a human life (accessed solely on
                                    academic merits) raised many questioning eyebrows, from graduates and
                                    non-graduates alike. And it came as no surprise that the scheme was a
                                    colossal failure, a heartening reflection that the Singapore
                                    population still retained some semblance of independent thought and
                                    dignity when it comes to matters of the heart at least

                                    But aside from the colossal failures of the government sponsored
                                    match making programs, a host of other factors account for the
                                    declining birth rates. "Go forth and multiply" you say? Well that's
                                    more easily said then done for the average couple in Singapore with
                                    an average household income of approximately SGD3-4000/-. Unless you
                                    are part of the ruling elite who take home a minimum net income of
                                    SGD150,000/- per month (or SGD1.6 million per year), (the average pay
                                    packet for a PAP minister), life is not easy in expensive little
                                    Singapore.

                                    The start-up costs for a new family can be staggering, with big
                                    ticket items like a car and a house. Even a 1.6 Litre Japanese car
                                    will cost at least SGD80,000/-, which is the equivalent of a decent 3
                                    bedroom house in some countries. And a small 1,200 Sq Ft apartment
                                    can set you back SGD1,000,000.- and more, depending on the locality
                                    and tenor. What about government "subsidised" housing?
                                    Well, "subsidised" housing here takes the form of HDB (Housing
                                    Development Board) flats which will cost between SGD200,000 to
                                    SGD400,000/-, the equivalent of a decent size house in Australia or
                                    New Zealand.

                                    And the costs and expenses do not stop here. The government has also
                                    imposed compulsory savings in the form of CPF (Central Provident
                                    Fund), which is mandatory and ties up approx 20% of the monthly pay
                                    of the citizens. There is no access to these funds until you reach
                                    the retirement age of 55 years. And if you fall ill or need a
                                    operation before this age, good luck matey you are on your own. Then
                                    there are the other daily expenses like ERP (Electronic Road
                                    Pricing), maid levies, GST, all of which is imposed in a city state
                                    which is conspicuously bereft of any public welfare or unemployment
                                    benefits.

                                    In short, staggering initial capital outlay required in starting a
                                    family here, as well as increasing costs of living, have paved the
                                    way for dual income households where both husband and wife typically
                                    work 12 hour days just to make ends meet. And after a hectic work
                                    day, there is little time left over for other more "romantic"
                                    pastimes, let alone raising a child.

                                    Even when there is an increase in marriage rates, there is no sure
                                    sign that this would reverse the declining birth rates as the vast
                                    majority of couples either opt not to have children, or in the event
                                    they do, the wealthy and affluent class (which are most targeted by
                                    the Singapore Government) have instead chosen to have children
                                    abroad. One such individual was a banker (who requested to remain
                                    anonymous) who stated that he would want his child to have a normal
                                    and happy childhood, as opposed to the rigid, oppressive and highly
                                    competitive pressure-cooked education system in Singapore. He took a
                                    3 week holiday and arranged for his wife to give birth to their
                                    bouncing baby boy in New York, so that the child had the rights and
                                    benefits of US citizenship. And theirs is not an isolated case as
                                    there are many who have opted for a better and easier life for their
                                    children via this route.

                                    In short, far from encouraging increasing birth-rates, a combination
                                    of dismal government policies and "social engineering", and
                                    unfavourable work and living conditions (for the locals) have
                                    resulted in an exodus of the more affluent segments of the
                                    population, further worsening an already bad situation.

                                    At the end of the day, the act of procreation is highly intimate and
                                    individualistic, very personal in nature. One really wonders if years
                                    of repressive indoctrination have robbed the native populace of the
                                    free will, independence and ability to rise to the occasion,
                                    instilling an over-dependent, compliant and submissive culture which
                                    is anti-thesis to the aggressive survival instinct that is crucial
                                    for reproduction.

                                    But not withstanding the difficult and oppressive social and
                                    financial environment moulded by the government, surely our fore
                                    fathers and distant ancestors have faced greater challenges in the
                                    past, and still managed to sow their royal oats and ensured the
                                    continued existence of their bloodlines? So what's really missing in
                                    Singapore's Procreation Equation? A liberal dose of good old
                                    fashioned love.

                                    One can almost picture the look of uncomprehending horror on the
                                    faces of the Ruling Elite. How preposterous, marry and procreate in
                                    the name of love? But that would mean breaching the Academic Caste
                                    System! GOOD HAVENS NO! We cant' have people running all over the
                                    place, haphazardly falling in love and procreating, that's wrong!
                                    That's not within the prescribed framework of the nicely laid out
                                    plans Singapore's Ruling Elite had crafted for Singapore Inc.

                                    But some would argue that "letting nature take its own natural
                                    course" is a formulae that has worked for humanity in the last two to
                                    five thousand years. Perhaps its high time some brave hearted martyr
                                    ventures forth and informs the "Powers that be in Singapore" that
                                    they should try a little bit of good old fashioned love (and throw in
                                    the obligatory bouquet of roses) and compassion, if they wished to
                                    play cupid.

                                    Perhaps its also time for the overzealous parent to leave the
                                    children some slack, they are all grown up and they have to figure
                                    this one out for themselves. Alternatively, does anyone have the
                                    recipe for Love Potion No 9. If you do, please mark it URGENT and
                                    forward it to the PAP.

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                                  • Mellanie Hewlitt
                                    Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt Source: Singapore Review Date: 22 March 2003 In the recent week, the entire world has received a massive dose of coverage on the
                                    Message 17 of 18 , Mar 20 11:42 PM
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                                      Commentary: Mellanie Hewlitt
                                      Source: Singapore Review
                                      Date: 22 March 2003

                                      In the recent week, the entire world has received a massive dose of coverage on the US/Iraq conflict.

                                      There was a vague sense of deja vu as I watched allied tanks and forces being deployed once again in a dessert strewn landscape. The first Gulf war seemed to have ocurred just yesterday.

                                      With the wonders of the internet, I watch as history unfolds itself before my very eyes. But how accurate a picture is this? They say history is written by the side that wins the war.

                                      After circulating updates on the Iraq war, Singapore Review received several e-mail attachments from un-registered readers which tell a different story.

                                      For a different perspective of the war, click on the attached power-point attachment. How much of the attached analysis is fact and how much is propaganda?

                                      You decide.

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                                      Fires Rock Baghdad After Aerial Assault
                                      2 hours, 22 minutes ago Add Top Stories - AP to My Yahoo!


                                      By HAMZA HENDAWI, Associated Press Writer

                                      BAGHDAD, Iraq - The streets of Baghdad were silent and empty Friday night, with fires raging inside Saddam Hussein (news - web sites)'s Old Palace compound and a halo of smoke hanging in the sky, after the Iraqi capital endured the most ferocious attack of the war.

                                      The attack, punctuated by the blasts of Tomahawk missiles striking targets across Baghdad, launched just after 9 p.m. as the U.S.-led forces stepped up their aerial assault on the city.

                                      The squeal of the air raid sirens in the Iraqi capital preceded the ringing explosions, cutting through an eerie silence that enveloped the city as night fell.

                                      The massive assault of 320 Tomahawk missiles launched from ships in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea filled the sky with towering fireballs. Two Iraqi palaces were among the buildings destroyed by the third missile attack on the city in two days.

                                      The attack was apparently coordinated to simultaneously strike against Baghdad and two other cities, Mosul and Kirkuk in the north. The Iraqi defense minister, speaking as the missiles fell, said the coalition was also targeting the southern cities of Basra and Nassiriyah.

                                      The air barrage came with U.S. ground troops already a third of the way to Baghdad, and with Saddam Hussein and his regime fighting to demonstrate their control of the country despite reports of surrendering Iraqi troops and the loss of strategic sites.

                                      Baghdad, a city of 5 million, was extraordinarily quiet before the heaviest attack yet lit up the night sky. At one point, a half-dozen adjoining plumes of smoke twisted into the sky.

                                      The spectacular blasts lit up the horizon, illuminating the city even as they devastated it. In response, the Iraqis opened up with anti-aircraft bursts that winked in the darkness. At one point, the sound of a missile roared through the street before exploding into a fireball.

                                      Three major fires raged on Saddam Hussein's Old Palace compound, which stretches for 1.7 miles on the west bank of the Tigris River. The compound is the official center of the Iraqi state, and home to the offices of the prime minister's staff, the Cabinet and a Republican Guard camp.

                                      Its turqoised-domed main building appeared untouched. But a building next to the palace was on fire, and black smoke billowed from a 10-story building in another part of the compound.

                                      Information Minister Mohammed Saeed al-Sahhaf said two palaces were attacked: the Peace Palace, used for foreign dignitaries, and the Azzouhour Palace, a museum once used by the royal family. Pointing to the damaged Peace Palace, al-Sahhaf ripped into U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld.

                                      "This criminal dog calls it a military site," the minister said.

                                      Despite the apparent setbacks, the Saddam regime was taking a hard line � denying military setbacks and verbally attacking its enemies in a show of public resolve.

                                      Asked Friday night about an Iraqi counterattack, al-Sahhaf replied, "Our leadership and our armed forces will decide this, in what guarantees the defeat of those mercenaries, God willing." Speaking of Rumsfeld and President Bush (news - web sites), he declared, "Those only deserve to be hit with shoes."

                                      The bravado stands in contrast with U.S. claims that Saddam's control was in danger of crumbling.

                                      In Baghdad, bravado was scarce. Radio Baghdad was knocked off the air, and the streets were deserted after the missile attacks. Multiple fires were burning in the ordinarily bustling city of 5 million.

                                      It was a contrast with daytime Baghdad, when life assumed a patina of normalcy.

                                      Before the air raid sirens started again, the Iraqi Air Force stood before a flag-waving crowd � on a local soccer field. The Air Force played in one of two Baghdad soccer games, winning 1-0 against a team from the city of Najaf.

                                      Highlights were shown on local television; it was likely the most action for the Air Force since the war began two days ago.

                                      Many shops and cafes remained open Friday afternoon, secure in the safety of sunlight. Only the presence of armed Baath Party activists and jeeps mounted with heavy machine guns cruising the streets served notice of the ongoing war.

                                      In Washington, a senior U.S. official � speaking on condition of anonymity � said Friday's bombardment might not be as intense as originally planned because surrender talks were continuing with senior Iraqi officials. The official said if the negotiations faltered in the coming hours, the bombing would go full-throttle.

                                      Earlier, aboard the USS Kitty Hawk, scores of bombs were readied to fire and stored in racks in the ship's cavernous hanger bay. Ordnance crews worked steadily through the day attaching global positioning system (news - web sites) and laser guidance kits to 500-pound, 1,000-pound and 2,000-pound bombs and moving the ordnance from the ship's 22 weapons magazine to holding bays.

                                      Dozens of F-14 Tomcats and F/A-18 Hornet strike planes loaded with bombs roared off the Kitty Hawk's deck before nightfall Friday.

                                      Al-Sahhaf acknowledged Friday that one of Saddam's homes was hit in an earlier U.S. bombardment, but said no one was hurt. The Iraqi News Agency said 37 people were injured in Thursday night's Baghdad raid.

                                      Al-Sahhaf also denied any U.S.-led advance into Iraq (news - web sites) and argued that TV images of Iraqis surrendering were fabricated. "Those are not Iraqi soldiers at all," he insisted.

                                      And he suggested that any captured U.S. and British soldiers may not be treated as prisoners of war under the Geneva Conventions. Al-Sahhaf said Iraq was considering how to treat them.

                                      "Those are mercenaries," he said. "Most probably they will be treated as mercenaries, hirelings and as war criminals. ... For sure, international law does not apply to those."

                                      Later, however, a statement issued in Saddam's name on the official Iraqi News Agency said Iraq will follow the Geneva Conventions with respect to any captured soldiers despite the "grotesque crimes" committed by the Americans.

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