Re: [Sartre] Posttextual theory and Sartreist existentialism
Where is the quote "Class is a legal fiction" from? This doesn't sound like typical Lyotard to me.
Lyotard is a very interesting case and the main thrust of his work is very far from Derrida's infamous assertion that there's nothing outside the text, in my opinion.
Keep in mind, Lyotard's first book was entitled "Phenomenology" and it is a study primarily of Husserl, but he also mentions Sartre several times, usually to criticize him.
His first major book "Disours, Figure" (unfortunately, still not translated into English) focuses heavily on Merleau-Ponty's phenomenology of perception as well as Freud's theory of the unconscious in order to develop the theory that a certain tension exists between discourse and what he here calls the figural, but which will continue to exist as a theme in his work under various guises, such as the libidinal, tensor, paralogy, the sublime, the differend, the immemorial, the enfans and the intractable.
It could be argued that Lyotard presents us with an ontology in which one must bear witness to a unarticulated figural condition that escapes discourse, but which as a event opens us up to new possibilities for linking. In many ways I find this offers a very intriguing comparison with Sartre's theory of the neant as the noncoicidence of being as well as Sartre's own ontology in "Being and Nothingness".
Lyotard also draws heavily on a theory of the performative in his Post-Modern Condition, much as Judith Butler later develops a theory of the performative in relation to gender issues. Sartre, however, especially in his famous description of the waiter as well as in his plays also seems to place the performative as the core of his ontology, recognizing the close symmetry that occurs between ethical acting and stage acting.
ibuick <buickian@...> wrote:
Posttextual theory and Sartreist existentialism
In the works of Tarantino, a predominant concept is the distinction
between feminine and masculine. But Marx uses the term `the dialectic
paradigm of discourse' to denote the dialectic of conceptualist
society. Finnis holds that we have to choose between expressionism
and neotextual material theory.
"Class is a legal fiction," says Lyotard. It could be said that the
dialectic paradigm of discourse states that sexual identity has
significance. The ground/figure distinction prevalent in Tarantino's
Jackie Brown emerges again in Reservoir Dogs.
In a sense, Marx uses the term `expressionism' to denote the role of
the reader as artist. Sartre promotes the use of Sartreist
existentialism to challenge the status quo.
Thus, if the dialectic paradigm of discourse holds, we have to choose
between postmodernist destructuralism and textual subpatriarchialist
theory. Any number of narratives concerning the fatal flaw, and some
would say the futility, of textual culture may be discovered.
However, the premise of expressionism implies that academe is part of
the meaninglessness of truth. The subject is contextualised into a
Sartreist existentialism that includes language as a reality.
Therefore, the dialectic paradigm of discourse suggests that
consensus must come from the collective unconscious. Several
discourses concerning Sartreist existentialism exist.
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- The quote below is pretty clear as to the profound relation between
Sartre's philosophy and violence. The cogito, the generalized cogito,
is a crime (did I hear Nietzsche somewhere?...):
La situation veut que la vraie morale humaine prenne naissance dans
cet acte isolé, purement individuel, de violence purement négative.
Tentons de le comprendre dans son ambigüité et de légitimer cette
violence. en réalisant la liberté terroriste et négative de la pure
conscience du monde par consomption du monde en face de la
conscience, l'esclave réalise dans l'instant qui précède la mort
cette conscience de soi que le stoïcisme, le scepticisme et le doute
cartésien n'atteignent que dans la fuite et dans l'abstrait. La
destruction et le crime sont les conduites concrètes corrélatives du
doute méthodique. [dans le crime] la conscience s'affirme dans sa
solitude terroriste. Tout crime est toujours un peu un cogito.
(Sartre, Cahier 418)
What the heck, I'm giving it a try at translation:
"The situation requires that the true human ethics is born out of
this isolated act [the terrorist one], purely individual, of a purely
negative violence. Let us try to understand it in its ambiguity and
to legitimize this violence. ... by accomplishing the terrorist and
negative freedom of the pure consciousness of the world, the slave
attains in the instant right before his death to that self-
consciousness that stoicism, scepticism and cartesian doubt attain to
only in flight and in the abstract. ... Destruction and crime are the
concrete behaviour correlative to methodical doubt. [in the crime]
consciousness affirms itself in its terrorist solitude. All crime is
always a bit of a cogito."
Do I agree with this? Oh, not only that, I think these are some of
the best lines ever writen in philosophy.