Surat Shabd Yoga: The Surest Way of Reining in the Mind!
Surat Shabd Yoga is the Surest Way of Reining in the Mind!
- Swami Achyutanand Ji
Translated Excerpts from the book "Bindu-Nada
Dhyan" authored by SwamI Achyutanand Ji
-Translated by Pravesh K. Singh
It is essential to practise bindudhyAn, drishTi- yoga or the Yoga of Inner Light before doing nAdaDhyAn, because with continued practice of drishTiyoga (Yoga of Light) the ability to do nAda dhyAn is gained. The mind gets completely controlled with nAdadhyAn. The mind does not merely get controlled, it rather dies down. Sant Charandas Ji has depicted it exquisitely:
"jabase anahad ghora sunI |
indri thakit galit mana hUA, AshA sakal bhunI||"
[Since when I perceived the Divine Sound ricocheting within, all the organs became completely exhausted, the mind melted, and all the cravings were roasted. ]
How did this happen? He further elaborates,
"ghUmat naina shithil bhayi kAyA, amal jo surat sanI |
roma roma Ananda upaj kari, Alas sahaj bhanI ||"
That means, on turning the drishTi inwardly (i.e. practising drishTiyoga), and on perceiving the inner sound, the body turned motionless, every pore of it got soaked in divine bliss, and all lethargy, quite naturally, fled away.
It is why Kabir Sahab taught,
"shabda khoji mana basa karai, sahaja yoga hai yehi |
satta shabda nija sAra hai, yaha to jhUThI dehi ||"
[Subjugate the mind by finding the (inner) sound; this is the sahaja (natural) yoga. |
The True or Unstruck Word is our essence; this body of ours is otherwise illusory or impermanent ||]
Sant Charandas Ji further says,
"karate anahad dhyAn ke, Brahma rUpa hoi jAya |
Charandas yon kahata hai, bAdhA saba miT jAya ||"
[By meditating on the Word, the practiser becomes the same as God or Brahman. |
Doing this way, says Charandas Ji, all obstacles are removed. ||]
In NAdavindUpanishad it has been said about the Nada DhyAn that,
"sarvachintAm samutsrijya sarvachesTA vivarjitah |
nAdamevAnusandAdhyAnnAde chittam vilIyate ||
nAdAsaktam sadA chittam vishayam na hi kAnkshati |"
That is, discarding all worries and all efforts one should mainly focus on the exploration of nAda; by doing thus the mind gets dissolved in the nAda, and the mind thus absorbed in the nAda does not crave anymore for the sensory objects.
NAda itself is Brahma. We should absorb our mind in this very nAda. ShrimadAdya Shankaracharya has stated in Yogataravali:
"sadA shivoktAni sapAdalakshyalayAvadhAnAni vasanti loke |
nAdAnusandhAna samAdhimekam manyAmahe mAnyatamam layAnAm ||
nAdAnusandhan namostu tubhyam tvam manmahe tattvapadam layAnAm |
bhavatprAsAdAt pavanena sAkam vilIyate VishNupade mano me ||
sarva chintAm parityajya sAvadhAnena chetasA |
nAda evAnusandheyo yoga sAmrAjyamichchhatA ||"
[Lord Shiva has listed 1,25,000 ways for dissolution of mind. |
Amongst these nAdAnusandhAna (meditation on the inner sound) is the best as well as the easiest way. ||
I bow to thee, O nAda! For you lift me on to the highest throne. |
It is only with your grace that my prANa-vAyu (vital life-air) and my mind get dissolved in the highest plane of the Supreme Lord. ||
(Therefore,) renouncing all sorts of worries and with an alert & focussed mind...|
Those who yearn for the union with the Highest should meditate on the Divine Sound within. ||]
Balayogi Shri Bala Swami Ji Maharaj has beautifully expressed his views regarding nAda-dhyAna, "This is such a means that enables us easily experience that supreme bliss that is our very own. NAda has a unique power. All of us know of the joy we experience while listening to melodious music in the outer world, but so unique & unparallel is the bliss of this inner melody that the mind gets completely dissolved, and all its cravings get annihilated.
"indriyANAm manonAtho manonAthastu mArutah |
mArutasya layo nAthah sa layo nAdamAshritah ||"
[Mind is the master of all the organs; prANavAyu is the lord of the mind |
`manolaya' (dissolution or absorption of mind) is the boss of prANavAyu, and this dissolution is accomplished with the help of nAda or the inner sound.||]
Perseverant practice of nAdAnusandhAna leads to the dissolution of the mind. By sitting in a proper posture and consistently practising to look within, with the eyes closed, one gets to listen to the nAda."
[Kalyana Yoganka, p 325]
Shruti Bhagvati is very lucid on nAda-dhyAna:
"vAgevArtha pashyati vAgbravIti vAgevArthe sannihitam santanoti |
vAchaiva vishvam bahurUpam nibaddham tadetadekam pravibhajyopbhunkte |
vAgeva vishvA bhuvanAni jagye vAcha itsarvamamritam martyam cha ||"
[We conceive the meaning through word only, speak word only, and elaborate the meaning implicit in the word only. |
Through word alone is this world divided into numerous forms; we take out a part of that and enjoy (use). |
The world has grown out of word only; word alone is the elixir as well as death. ||]
Sant Kabir sings prolific praise of shabda-sAdhanA or nAda-dhyAna:
"Kabir shabda sarIr mein, bin gun bAjai tAnt |
bAhar bhItar rami rahA, tAtein chhoTI bhrAnti ||
shabda shabda bahu antarA, shabda sAra kA sIr |
shabda shabda kA khojanA, shabda shabda kA pIr ||
shabda shabda bahu antarA, sAra shabda chita deya |
jA shabdai sAhaba milai, soi shabda gahi leya ||
shabda shabda sab koi kahai, wo to shabda videha |
jibhyA par Awai nahIn, nirakhi parakhi kari deh ||
shabda hamArA Adi ka, pala pala kariye yAda |
anta falaigI mAnhi kI, bAhar kI sab bAda ||
yahi baDAi shabda kI, jaise chumbak bhAya |
binA shabda nahin ubarai, ketA karai upAya ||
shabda binA sruti AndharI, kaho kahAn ko jAya |
dvAra na pAvai shabda kA, firi firi bhaTakA khAya ||"
[The word, says Kabir Sahab, keeps ringing in the body |
It is pervading within & without; this alone can destroy all the confusions ||
There are many words, each different from the other, the quintessential word is the crown of all. |
One word is explored through the other, as one word is the Guru of (or leads to) the other. ||
Words are much different from each other; focus yourself on to the Quintessential Word. |
Grasp that Word that would take you to the Supreme Lord. ||
Though everyone talks of the word, that Word is without a body. |
The tongue can't pronounce it; it has to be perceived within thebody. ||
Word has been there before we came into being, remember (meditate on) it constantly.|
This word alone that is found within would prevail in the end, rest all being of least significance. ||
The beauty of the Word is that it acts like a magnet does. |
One can't be liberated without the Word however hard one might try. ||
The soul is blind without the Word, knowing not whither to go. |
Not finding the Word, it keeps wandering again & again. ||]