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The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman

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  • Maher Attiyeh
    The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ala rasulullaah Amma-ba d Narrated by Abu Hurairah (radiallaahu
    Message 1 of 2 , Apr 10, 2012
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      Exclamation The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman
      Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah
      Amma-ba'd

      Narrated by Abu Hurairah (radiallaahu 'anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Eeman has sixty or seventy-odd branches. The least of them is to remove something harmful from the road, and the most lofty of them is the saying: 'Laa illaha il Allaah' (none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah). And modesty is a branch of Eeman." [Agreed Upon]
      __________________________________________________ ______________

      The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman

      [The following is from Shaikh Zaynoo's highly beneficial book
      The Methodology of The Saved Sect]

      The Messenger (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: Eeman consists of sixty-something branches, the highest of them is to say 'Laa illaaha illa-Allaah,' and the lowest of them is to remove something harmful from the road. [Muslim]

      In Fat-H ul-Baari, Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar [Al-Ascalani, rahimahullaah] summarized the statement of Ibn Hibbaan (rahimahullaah), who mentioned the following regarding this hadeeth:

      Verily, these branches are derived from the
      actions of the heart, the actions of the tongue, and the actions of the body.

      1- As for the actions of the heart: They are the
      beliefs and the intentions. They consist of 24 matters*: Eeman in Allaah, and it comprises of Eeman in His Essence, His Attributes, and His Oneness. With the fact that:

      لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِه ِ شَيْء ٌ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ

      ...There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Ash-Shura, ayah 11)

      It also includes belief in the occurrence of that which
      He wrote. Also, Eeman in His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and Qadr (pre-destination), its good and its bad. It includes Eeman in The Last Day, the questioning in the grave, its blessing and its punishment, and the Day of Resurrection, the Judgement, the Scales and the Bridge (Siraat), Paradise and Hell.

      Also,
      the love of Allaah, loving and hating for His sake, love for the Prophet (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), belief in his excellence, and it comprises of sending salutations upon him and following his Sunnah, Ikhlaas which comprises of abandoning showing off and hypocrisy, repentance, fear, hope, thanks, allegiance, patience and contenment with the Divine Pre-Decree and Ordainment, trust, mercy, humility, respecting the elders and being merciful to the young, to abandon pride and conceit, to abandon jealousy, hatred and anger.


      2- The actions of the tongue: It comprises of the following seven matters:

      a- The pronouncement of
      Tawheed (testifying that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah),

      b-
      Recitation of the Qur`an

      c-
      Learning knowledge and teaching it to others

      d-
      Supplication to Allaah alone

      e-
      Dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) which comprises of asking for forgiveness

      f-
      TasbeeH (glorifying Allaah by saying 'SubhanAllaah')

      g-
      avoidance of vain talk


      3- The actions of the body: It comprises of 38 matters:

      a- From them is that which is connected to the individual: It consists of 15 characteristics which are the
      purification of the outer and innser self, comprising of avoidance of impurities, covering and protecting the private parts, the obligatory and supererogatory prayers, similarly zakaat and freeing slaves, generosity which comprises of giving food and honoring the guest, the obligatory and supererogatory fasting, i'tikaaf (seclusion in the masjid), searching for Lailatul-Qadr, Hajj and 'Umrah, and similarly Tawaaf.

      Also,
      fleeing within the religion, and it comprises of Hijrah (migration) from the lands of Shirk to the land of Eeman, fulfilling the vows and looking after one's swearing (i.e. swearing by Allaah) and the fulfillment of the expiation (such as the expiation of the oath and the expiation for having sexual intercourse during the days of Ramadaan).

      b- From them is that which is connected to compliance: It comprises of six matters, which are
      chastity within marriage and the establishment of the rights of the family, honoring the parents, and it comprises of avoiding being disrespectful to one's parents, educating the children, maintaining the ties of the womb, obeying the ruler (without disobeying Allaah) and gentleness with the slaves.

      c- From them that which is connected to the general matters: It comprises of 17 matters:

      The establishment of
      rulership with justice, following the Jama'ah and obedience to those in authority (in that which is correct), making peace between the people, which includes fighting the Khawaarij** and the oppressors.

      To
      co-operate upon Birr (righteousness) and Taqwah (piety), which includes enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, the establishment of the punishments of Allaah (Hudood), Jihaad with its levels, fulfillment of the trust and from its fulfillment of a fifth of the war booty, repayment of the loan, honoring the neighbor, having good dealings, collecting the wealth from whom it is permissible, and spending it upon those who have a right to it.

      Also, it includes
      abandoning squandering and wastage, returning the salaam, responding to the one who sneezes, refraining from harming the people, keeping away from idle amusement, and removing something harmful from the road.

      The preceding hadeeth proves that
      Tawheed, which is the saying of Laa illaaha illa-Allaah, is the highest level of Eeman and the most superior.

      So it is incumbent upon the
      callers to Islaam to begin with that which is the highest and then that which follows in priority. Starting with the foundations before the structure, and with the most important then that which follows in importance. This is because Tawheed unites the nations of the Arabs and non-Arabs upon Islaam and creates, from them, the Islaaamic State, the State of Tawheed.

      Source: Chapter 38 of Shaikh Zaynoo's highly beneficial book The Methodology of The Saved Sect

      Notes:

      * [Some of these matters comprise parts of others. For example, Eeman in Allaah includes Eeman in His Essence, His Attributes and His Oneness. Another example, Ikhlaas includes the abandonment of showing off and hypocrisy. And Allaah knows best.]

      ** [The Khawaarij] An astray group and part of their belief is to declare Muslims to be outside the fold of Islaam on account of their committing major sins. They also call for speaking out and fighting against the Muslim rulers, in opposition to the way of the Salaf, who held the position that it is not permissible to speak out against the Muslim rulers nor to fight them, be they righteous or sinful. Refer to Chapter 5 in The Foundations of the Sunnah, by Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (Salafi Publications).
       
      Subhanak Allaahuma wa bihamdika ash-hadu anlaa illaaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk

      If I said anything correct, then it is from Allaah (subhanahu wa taa'ala), and if I erred, then that is from me and shaytan.


      - Allaah, The Most High, said (what means):  And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone). (Adh-Dhariyat, ayah 56)
      - Allaah, The Most High, said (what means): And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad, (salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam)) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers' way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell - what an evil destination. (An-Nisa, ayah 115)  
      - The Prophet (salallaahu 'alaihiwasallam) said, "Hold firmly to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs after me. Hold o­nto it with your molar teeth. And beware of newly invented affairs, since every newly invented affair is an innovation, and every innovation is misguidance and every innovation is in the Fire." [Ahmad (4/126), at-Tirmidhee (no. 2676), al-Haakim (1/96) and by al-Baghawee in Sharhus-Sunnah (1/105)]
      - Prophet Muhammad (salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam) told his daughter Fatimah: "...I am a blessed Salaf for you." (Bukhari, Muslim)  
      - "Adhere to the narrations of the Salaf (the Prophet and Sahaaba), even if the people were to abandon you. And beware of the opinions of people, no matter how much they beautify it with speech." - Imaam al-Awzaa'ee [d. 157H, rahimahullaah]   
      - Abu Hanifah [d.150H, rahimahullaah] said: "Stick to the narrations and the way of the Salaf (Predecessors), and beware of newly invented matters, for all of it is innovation." [as-Suyooti]
      - Abdullaah bin 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: "Every bid'ah(religious innovation) is misguidance, even if people think it is good." [Al-Lalikaii in Sharh Usul Itiqad Ahl Al-Sunnah wa Al-Jama'ah Vol 1. P134, no.111] 

      - Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam) said, "I have left you upon clear proof, its night is like its day. No one deviates from it except one who is destroyed, and whoever lives (long) from amongst you will see great controversy. So stick to what you know from my Sunnah (example) and the Sunnah of the orthodox, rightly-guided caliphs. Cling to that with your molar teeth, and stick to obedience even if it is to an Abyssinian slave, since the believer is like the submissive camel - wherever he is led, he follows." [Ahmad]  

      - Ahmed ibn Hanbal [d.241H, rahimahullaah] said: "The Fundamental Principles of the Sunnah with us are: Holding fast to what the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam) were upon. And taking them (and their way) as a model to be followed. And the abandonment of (religious) innovations, and every innovation is misguidance." [Usool as-Sunnah]

      - Every issue of aqeedah (creed), 'ibaadah (worship) or manhaj (methodology) which the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah has not provided a text for and upon which the Companions never agreed upon is falsehood, vain and innovated.

    • Maher Attiyeh
      The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ala rasulullaah Amma-ba d Narrated by Abu Hurairah (radiallaahu
      Message 2 of 2 , Apr 11, 2012
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        - Ahmed ibn Hanbal [d.241H, rahimahullaah] said: "The Fundamental Principles of the Sunnah with us are: Holding fast to what the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam) were upon. And taking them (and their way) as a model to be followed. And the abandonment of (religious) innovations, and every innovation is misguidance." [Usool as-Sunnah]

        - Every issue of aqeedah (creed), 'ibaadah (worship) or manhaj (methodology) which the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah has not provided a text for and upon which the Companions never agreed upon is falsehood, vain and innovated.

        Exclamation The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman
        Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu 'ala rasulullaah
        Amma-ba'd

        Narrated by Abu Hurairah (radiallaahu 'anhu): The Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, "Eeman has sixty or seventy-odd branches. The least of them is to remove something harmful from the road, and the most lofty of them is the saying: 'Laa illaha il Allaah' (none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah). And modesty is a branch of Eeman." [Agreed Upon]
        __________________________________________________ ______________

        The Sixty or Seventy-odd Branches of Eeman

        [The following is from Shaikh Zaynoo's highly beneficial book
        The Methodology of The Saved Sect]

        The Messenger (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: Eeman consists of sixty-something branches, the highest of them is to say 'Laa illaaha illa-Allaah,' and the lowest of them is to remove something harmful from the road. [Muslim]

        In Fat-H ul-Baari, Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar [Al-Ascalani, rahimahullaah] summarized the statement of Ibn Hibbaan (rahimahullaah), who mentioned the following regarding this hadeeth:

        Verily, these branches are derived from the
        actions of the heart, the actions of the tongue, and the actions of the body.

        1- As for the actions of the heart: They are the
        beliefs and the intentions. They consist of 24 matters*: Eeman in Allaah, and it comprises of Eeman in His Essence, His Attributes, and His Oneness. With the fact that:

        لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِه ِ شَيْء ٌ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ

        ...There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Ash-Shura, ayah 11)

        It also includes belief in the occurrence of that which
        He wrote. Also, Eeman in His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and Qadr (pre-destination), its good and its bad. It includes Eeman in The Last Day, the questioning in the grave, its blessing and its punishment, and the Day of Resurrection, the Judgement, the Scales and the Bridge (Siraat), Paradise and Hell.

        Also,
        the love of Allaah, loving and hating for His sake, love for the Prophet (salallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), belief in his excellence, and it comprises of sending salutations upon him and following his Sunnah, Ikhlaas which comprises of abandoning showing off and hypocrisy, repentance, fear, hope, thanks, allegiance, patience and contenment with the Divine Pre-Decree and Ordainment, trust, mercy, humility, respecting the elders and being merciful to the young, to abandon pride and conceit, to abandon jealousy, hatred and anger.


        2- The actions of the tongue: It comprises of the following seven matters:

        a- The pronouncement of
        Tawheed (testifying that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah),

        b-
        Recitation of the Qur`an

        c-
        Learning knowledge and teaching it to others

        d-
        Supplication to Allaah alone

        e-
        Dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) which comprises of asking for forgiveness

        f-
        TasbeeH (glorifying Allaah by saying 'SubhanAllaah')

        g-
        avoidance of vain talk


        3- The actions of the body: It comprises of 38 matters:

        a- From them is that which is connected to the individual: It consists of 15 characteristics which are the
        purification of the outer and innser self, comprising of avoidance of impurities, covering and protecting the private parts, the obligatory and supererogatory prayers, similarly zakaat and freeing slaves, generosity which comprises of giving food and honoring the guest, the obligatory and supererogatory fasting, i'tikaaf (seclusion in the masjid), searching for Lailatul-Qadr, Hajj and 'Umrah, and similarly Tawaaf.

        Also,
        fleeing within the religion, and it comprises of Hijrah (migration) from the lands of Shirk to the land of Eeman, fulfilling the vows and looking after one's swearing (i.e. swearing by Allaah) and the fulfillment of the expiation (such as the expiation of the oath and the expiation for having sexual intercourse during the days of Ramadaan).

        b- From them is that which is connected to compliance: It comprises of six matters, which are
        chastity within marriage and the establishment of the rights of the family, honoring the parents, and it comprises of avoiding being disrespectful to one's parents, educating the children, maintaining the ties of the womb, obeying the ruler (without disobeying Allaah) and gentleness with the slaves.

        c- From them that which is connected to the general matters: It comprises of 17 matters:

        The establishment of
        rulership with justice, following the Jama'ah and obedience to those in authority (in that which is correct), making peace between the people, which includes fighting the Khawaarij** and the oppressors.

        To
        co-operate upon Birr (righteousness) and Taqwah (piety), which includes enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, the establishment of the punishments of Allaah (Hudood), Jihaad with its levels, fulfillment of the trust and from its fulfillment of a fifth of the war booty, repayment of the loan, honoring the neighbor, having good dealings, collecting the wealth from whom it is permissible, and spending it upon those who have a right to it.

        Also, it includes
        abandoning squandering and wastage, returning the salaam, responding to the one who sneezes, refraining from harming the people, keeping away from idle amusement, and removing something harmful from the road.

        The preceding hadeeth proves that
        Tawheed, which is the saying of Laa illaaha illa-Allaah, is the highest level of Eeman and the most superior.

        So it is incumbent upon the
        callers to Islaam to begin with that which is the highest and then that which follows in priority. Starting with the foundations before the structure, and with the most important then that which follows in importance. This is because Tawheed unites the nations of the Arabs and non-Arabs upon Islaam and creates, from them, the Islaaamic State, the State of Tawheed.

        Source: Chapter 38 of Shaikh Zaynoo's highly beneficial book The Methodology of The Saved Sect

        Notes:

        * [Some of these matters comprise parts of others. For example, Eeman in Allaah includes Eeman in His Essence, His Attributes and His Oneness. Another example, Ikhlaas includes the abandonment of showing off and hypocrisy. And Allaah knows best.]

        ** [The Khawaarij] An astray group and part of their belief is to declare Muslims to be outside the fold of Islaam on account of their committing major sins. They also call for speaking out and fighting against the Muslim rulers, in opposition to the way of the Salaf, who held the position that it is not permissible to speak out against the Muslim rulers nor to fight them, be they righteous or sinful. Refer to Chapter 5 in The Foundations of the Sunnah, by Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (Salafi Publications).
        Subhanak Allaahuma wa bihamdika ash-hadu anlaa illaaha illa anta astaghfiruka wa atubu ilayk

        If I said anything correct, then it is from Allaah (subhanahu wa taa'ala), and if I erred, then that is from me and shaytan.


        - Allaah, The Most High, said (what means):  And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone). (Adh-Dhariyat, ayah 56)
        - Allaah, The Most High, said (what means): And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad, (salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam)) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers' way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell - what an evil destination. (An-Nisa, ayah 115)  
        - The Prophet (salallaahu 'alaihiwasallam) said, "Hold firmly to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs after me. Hold o­nto it with your molar teeth. And beware of newly invented affairs, since every newly invented affair is an innovation, and every innovation is misguidance and every innovation is in the Fire." [Ahmad (4/126), at-Tirmidhee (no. 2676), al-Haakim (1/96) and by al-Baghawee in Sharhus-Sunnah (1/105)]
        - Prophet Muhammad (salallaahu 'alaihi wasallam) told his daughter Fatimah: "...I am a blessed Salaf for you." (Bukhari, Muslim)  
        - "Adhere to the narrations of the Salaf (the Prophet and Sahaaba), even if the people were to abandon you. And beware of the opinions of people, no matter how much they beautify it with speech." - Imaam al-Awzaa'ee [d. 157H, rahimahullaah]   
        - Abu Hanifah [d.150H, rahimahullaah] said: "Stick to the narrations and the way of the Salaf (Predecessors), and beware of newly invented matters, for all of it is innovation." [as-Suyooti]
        - Abdullaah bin 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: "Every bid'ah(religious innovation) is misguidance, even if people think it is good." [Al-Lalikaii in Sharh Usul Itiqad Ahl Al-Sunnah wa Al-Jama'ah Vol 1. P134, no.111] 

        - Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam) said, "I have left you upon clear proof, its night is like its day. No one deviates from it except one who is destroyed, and whoever lives (long) from amongst you will see great controversy. So stick to what you know from my Sunnah (example) and the Sunnah of the orthodox, rightly-guided caliphs. Cling to that with your molar teeth, and stick to obedience even if it is to an Abyssinian slave, since the believer is like the submissive camel - wherever he is led, he follows." [Ahmad]  

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