Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

Swarovski Birding E-bulletin with Lake Apoka notes

Expand Messages
  • Charlie Ewell
    ... From: Paul J. Baicich To: Cc: Wayne Petersen
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 7, 2005
      ----- Original Message -----
      From: "Paul J. Baicich" <paul.baicich@...>
      To: <paul.baicich@...>
      Cc: "Wayne Petersen" <Wayne.Petersen@...>
      Sent: Friday, March 04, 2005 10:04 PM
      Subject: Swarovski Birding E-bulletin - March 2005

      > *Information, communication, and inspiration on birds, wildlife, and
      > nature*
      > March 2005
      > GREETINGS!
      > Welcome to the eleventh of our "Swarovski Birding E-bulletins" for North
      > America. This communication is appearing every month, and it is intended
      > to
      > keep friends and associates informed about news and developments in the
      > area of birds, birding, and bird conservation.
      > We continue this year with our new partner in producing and distributing
      > this E-bulletin, the National Wildlife Refuge Association (NWRA). You may
      > also wish to refer to the Swarovski-sponsored birding pages on the NWRA
      > website for a simple introduction to birds and the birding world:
      > <http://www.refugenet.org/birding/birding1.html>
      > This E-bulletin is longer that usual, but there was a lot of important
      > information to share this month!
      > We welcome your distribution of all or parts of this E-bulletin, only
      > requesting mention of the material's origins. If you have a friend who
      > wants to get onto this E-bulletin mailing list, that person can contact
      > either of us:
      > Wayne Petersen
      > 781/293-9730, <wayne.petersen@...>
      > OR
      > Paul Baicich
      > 410/992-9736, <paul.baicich@...>
      > Last month we mentioned that there were a number of marvelous birds being
      > seen in southernmost Texas, so many in fact that it would be difficult to
      > decide which species to profile for the month. At this writing, the
      > birding
      > spectacle in the Lower Rio Grande Valley continues. Among the wonder-birds
      > seen in that region are Roadside Hawk, Elegant Trogon, Rose-throated
      > Becard, White-throated and Clay-colored Robins, Flame-colored Tanager,
      > Golden-crowned Warbler, Blue Bunting, and Crimson-collared Grosbeak (the
      > last actually profiled in our December 2004 issue).
      > It is the White-throated Robin, also known as White-throated Thrush
      > (Turdus
      > assimilis) and not to be confused with the White-throated Robin (Irania
      > gutturalis), a Middle Eastern Old World Flycatcher, that will receive our
      > focus here. This species, is an olive-brown robin-like thrush with a white
      > crescent below a streaked throat. The bird normally ranges from northern
      > Mexico to northern South America. The species was first seen in the U.S.
      > in
      > 1990, with a bird accompanying a small group of Clay-colored Robins at a
      > location at Laguna Vista, Texas. A few more individuals appeared in the
      > early months of 1998 at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park and Santa Ana
      > National Wildlife Refuge.
      > This winter, however, the Valley has witnessed a number of sightings of
      > this species. The year started with one found at the Frontera Audubon
      > property in Weslaco on 2 January. Soon others were found, including one at
      > the Sabal Palm Sanctuary near Brownsville, at least three cooperative
      > individuals at Santa Ana NWR, and single birds at Bentsen, the Canon Road
      > rest stop, and at the Inn at Chachalaca Bend. There may be more!
      > What brought the White-throated Robins and the other essentially Mexican
      > birds into the U.S. this season? Although there have been other impressive
      > incursions of Mexican birds in recent winters (e.g., 1985-86 and 1987-88),
      > none can approach the scope of the last few months.
      > Some observers have speculated that the Mexican birds arrived following a
      > pre-Christmas freeze in Mexico that brought the first snowfall in many
      > decades. The hypothesis is that several rainy years in succession in
      > northeastern Mexico may have sufficiently increased regional food supplies
      > to encourage an expansion of local bird populations. Then, in response to
      > the unseasonably cold weather in Mexico, birds from this expanded
      > population flew northward seeking food after the vegetation die-off in the
      > aftermath of the cold weather in Mexico.
      > Regardless of the actual causes, the robins and other Mexican specialties
      > have entertained thousands of visiting birders in the Valley, week in week
      > out, since the birds first began appearing.
      > Since we're discussing the Lower Rio Grande Valley in this E-bulletin, it
      > is appropriate to mention that a new internationally significant shorebird
      > site has just been recognized there.
      > On 22 January, there was a dedication for a recently designated Western
      > Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN) site at the South Texas Salt
      > Lakes, the La Sal Del Rey Tract of the Lower Rio Grande Valley National
      > Wildlife Refuge, near Raymondville, Texas.
      > The site received recognition in view of its use as a nocturnal roost for
      > over 2,200 Long-billed Curlews. This constitutes over 10 percent of the
      > estimated world population of the species. The salt lakes are also
      > important for other species, with over 6,000 Wilson's Phalaropes and over
      > 10,000 eared grebes having been documented there.
      > The Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR now joins its sister refuge, Laguna
      > Atascosa NWR, as a WHSRN-designated site.
      > For background on WHSRN see these pages:
      > <http://www.manomet.org/WHSRN/what.htm>
      > Our rarity focus this month might very well have been the Great Gray Owl,
      > a
      > species undertaking a major invasion into Minnesota, Wisconsin, and
      > neighboring southern Canada. In fact, Minnesotan have called this "The
      > Year
      > of the Owls." The invasion continues to enthrall birders from the region
      > even as we write. The Minnesota Ornithologists' Union (MOU) and Audubon
      > Minnesota have been carefully cataloguing the record-breaking numbers of
      > Great Gray Owls and other owl species in the state this winter. As of the
      > last week in February, Peder Svingen, MOU Records Committee Chair has
      > tallied reports of nearly 2,500 Great Gray Owls, more than 300 Northern
      > Hawk Owls, and more than 400 Boreal Owls in Minnesota. . This compares to
      > last year's more typical Minnesota totals of 35 Great Gray Owls, 6
      > Northern
      > Hawk Owls, and 1 Boreal Owl. The numbers for this season represent the
      > highest number ever documented in the state in a single winter season for
      > each of the species listed. In Canada birders in Ontario and Quebec are
      > also reporting increased numbers of Great Grays and other owls.
      > Birders in Minnesota and Wisconsin are continuing to work with state and
      > federal wildlife agency and university biologists to collect data on these
      > owls. The phenomenon in Minnesota was even featured in a report on the NBC
      > Nightly News on 8 February, a story you can access at:
      > <http://msnbc.msn.com/id/6935774/>
      > And here's more news from Minnesota.
      > As reported by the Wildlife Management Institute, recent studies in
      > Minnesota have shown that Greater Prairie-Chicken nesting success on
      > Farm-Bill-promoted conservation reserve program (CRP) lands now approaches
      > that of the species' nesting success on native grasslands. , In the early
      > years of CRP (the mid- and late 1980s), prairie-chicken nesting success on
      > those farm-bill set-aside acres was in the vicinity of 33 percent. Over
      > time, however, with more lands in CRP, an increase in cover crops, and
      > recovery of native flora, nesting success now approaches 46 percent. Land
      > managers at The Nature Conservancy indicate that predators may have an
      > increasingly difficult time finding prairie-chicken nests in the
      > relatively
      > dense planted grasses, and that there is an increased supply of food
      > compared with vegetative conditions in the early years of the CRP.
      > Each spring and summer for the past 50 years, teams Fish and Wildlife
      > Service pilot-biologists have taken to the air to survey North America's
      > waterfowl breeding grounds. Flying more than 80,000 miles, crisscrossing
      > the country at low altitude, the biologists, along with colleagues on the
      > ground, have recorded the numbers of ducks, geese, and swans, and assessed
      > the quality and quantity of waterfowl breeding habitat.
      > The Waterfowl Population Survey Program represents a half century of
      > standardized cooperative surveys performed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
      > Service, the Canadian Wildlife Service, state and provincial biologists,
      > and non-governmental cooperators. The 50-year survey program being
      > celebrated this year is believed to be the most extensive, comprehensive,
      > long-term, annual wildlife survey effort in the world.
      > The Waterfowl Population Survey is critical in determining the status of
      > North America's waterfowl populations. The survey plays a role in setting
      > annual waterfowl hunting regulations, and it helps guide the decisions of
      > waterfowl managers throughout North America.
      > For more information, see these pages:
      > <http://waterfowlsurveys.fws.gov/>
      > For the last two months, we have mentioned the issue of bird-collisions,
      > International Migratory Bird Day, and the conference in Chicago to be held
      > early this month on the subject of bird-collisions.
      > There is now a website that provide tools to replicate Chicago's Lights
      > Out
      > Program - a cooperative venture between Audubon Chicago Region, the City
      > of
      > Chicago, and the Building Owners and Managers Association of Chicago. The
      > Lights Out Program in Chicago encourages most of the city's tall buildings
      > to turn off all their decorative lights during spring and fall bird
      > migration. An expanded national effort has the support of the
      > International
      > Building Owners and Managers Association, Audubon, and Partners in Flight,
      > and is receiving funding from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
      > Doug Stotz, ornithologist at The Field Museum in Chicago, estimates that
      > the Lights Out program saves the lives of over ten thousand warblers,
      > tanagers, thrushes, and other migratory birds each year in Chicago. His
      > studies show that turning out lights reduces bird mortality due to
      > collisions by 80 percent. Simply dimming or turning off the lights on the
      > upper stories during the weeks that birds move through the Chicago
      > metropolitan area can apparently help birds migrate more successfully
      > through the urban area.
      > For details on the new Lights Out site:
      > <www.lightsout.audubon.org>
      > For details on the "Birds and Buildings: Creating a Safe Environment"
      > conference to be held on 11 March, find details at:
      > <http://www.birdsandbuildings.org/index1024.html>
      > First identified in the West Nile region of Uganda in 1937, West Nile
      > virus
      > (WNV) has been identified as a virus that affects human populations.
      > Mosquitoes have been identified as the major vector for the spread of the
      > virus, and migratory birds as the major transport agent for the virus.
      > Most
      > researchers in the Old World have implied that the most important source
      > of
      > the virus in Europe has been Africa. However, Reuven Yosef and his
      > colleagues at the International Birding and Research Center in Eilat,
      > Israel, have encountered some interesting variations in the WNV
      > experience,
      > findings which may refute the African-source theory.
      > Through sampling of Little Stints migrating southward to Africa in autumn,
      > over 10 percent recorded positive for WNV, and the overwhelming majority
      > of
      > these individuals were first-year birds; in other words, those that had
      > recently fledged in the high Arctic, making their first journey southward.
      > Based on the data, and the lack of any other studies on the species or
      > other tundra breeding birds, the researchers suggest that the Arctic has a
      > greater capacity for the transfer of WNV than has previously been thought.
      > They suggest that future WNV studies not blindly assume that the virus is
      > out of Africa alone.
      > In California, a West Nile Virus hotline has received numerous calls from
      > concerned residents reporting dead Pine Siskins in forested areas and
      > suburbs throughout the northern portion of the state.
      > As it turn out, it wasn't WNV at all, but rather was salmonellosis, a
      > bacterial disease not related to WNV.
      > The California Department of Fish and Game announced the finding in
      > mid-February and asked Northern California residents to remove bird
      > feeders
      > from their property for at least a month to help slow an outbreak of the
      > avian disease.
      > Salmonellosis is spread from bird to bird, and the largest die-offs often
      > occur in winter when birds are stressed from the cold and congregate at
      > bird feeders. Feces contaminate the feeders and infect other birds. Humans
      > are less likely to become seriously ill from an outbreak of salmonella
      > among birds, a strain that is similar to that found in uncooked poultry.
      > Nonetheless, people should be cautious and are advised to wear gloves and
      > wash their hands after cleaning birdfeeders. Salmonella is most often
      > ingested through contaminated food products, but can be transmitted
      > through
      > unsanitary hand contact with the face.
      > There hasn't been a die-off this extensive in Northern California since a
      > similar outbreak occurred 10 or 12 years ago. Coincidentally, a few weeks
      > prior to the California announcement, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
      > reported an outbreak of salmonellosis in Pine Siskins in the Juneau area
      > of
      > Alaska.
      > Elsewhere in Alaska there were reports of dead Common Redpolls at
      > household
      > bird feeders in Fairbanks and vicinity. This winter season Common Redpolls
      > arrived early and in full force in Alaska. Usually not seen in the
      > Fairbanks area until January or February, record numbers were being seen
      > as
      > early as October. The Christmas Bird Count documented 8,231 redpolls in
      > this year's annual tally, surpassing the previous record of 7,164 redpolls
      > counted in 1997.
      > The Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) suspected that the redpolls
      > were also dying of salmonellosis bacteria, but investigations actually led
      > to E. coli. Like salmonellosis, the E. coli bacteria is passed at feeders
      > as birds congregate. Feces left in, on and around the feeders will infect
      > other birds, and the disease can spread rapidly. The previous Common
      > Redpoll die-off in Fairbanks occurred about a decade ago and was a result
      > of salmonellosis.
      > And while we're considering Alaska, it's time to revisit the ongoing
      > drilling issue at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
      > In an article on 21 February in THE NEW YORK TIMES, major oil companies
      > were viewed as losing interest in drilling on the coastal plain of the
      > Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. ConocoPhillips, ChevronTexaco, and BP,
      > once prominent in advocating for Alaska North Slope oil development, have
      > already pulled out of Arctic Power, a pro-drilling lobbying group financed
      > by the state of Alaska. At the same time, lease sales on the North Slope
      > have averaged about $53 per acre. Despite this reality President Bush's
      > budget assumes that lease sales in the Arctic Refuge will fetch more than
      > $3,300 per acre.
      > A Senate showdown over drilling at Arctic NWR is expected perhaps within a
      > few weeks as supporters of drilling plan to use a budget measure to
      > overcome strong opposition over oil drilling in the protected area. The
      > refuge's coastal plain, of course, is a breeding ground for caribou, home
      > to polar bears, and a site for countless nesting and migratory birds.
      > Although some companies may be backing off, the Bush Administration is
      > still pressing hard for drilling on the North Slope.
      > For more details, and to take action, see this page on the NWRA website:
      > <http://refugenet.e-actionmax.com/showalert.asp?aaid=1068>
      > Although conservation interests were disappointed with President George W.
      > Bush's proposed FY 06 budget on such issues as the Arctic NWR (highly
      > optimistic lease sale projections), the $450-million cut from the
      > Environmental Protection Agency's budget (with $300 million eliminated
      > from
      > the Clean Water State Revolving Loan Fund), a reduction of endangered
      > species programs by $3 million, and disappointing figures for the Land and
      > Water Conservation fund (especially the zeroing out of stateside figures),
      > there are still reasons to be optimistic.
      > The five most important concerns of the Washington-based Bird Conservation
      > Funding Coalition (BCFC) received favorable treatment in the President's
      > proposed budget. What the President proposed actually approximated the
      > initial goals of the funding coalition.
      > The five major bird-conservation concerns and the related numbers
      > recommended by the Administration are as follows:
      > North American Wetlands Conservation Act
      > $49.9 million ($12.5 million above FY05)
      > State Wildlife Grants
      > $74 million ($5 million above FY05)
      > Division of Migratory Bird Management (USFWS)
      > $26.6 million ($3.1 million above FY05)
      > Joint Ventures
      > $12.9 million ($2.6 million above FY05)
      > Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act
      > $4 million (identical to FY05)
      > Despite what you may have heard about other parts of the President's
      > budget
      > request, these are very positive figures, approaching what the BCFC has
      > requested in the past. The difficulty now is to make sure Congress
      > supports
      > these figures - and ideally raises a few!
      > Of course, minor increases are usually necessary just to "stand still,"
      > given cost-of-living, inflation, fuel costs, etc. And there is concern
      > that
      > one of these items - the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act -
      > will
      > expire at the end of this September unless it is reauthorized.
      > Readers of this E-bulletin should also be concerned with the Refuge System
      > budget. That item squeaks ahead with a $12.4- million increase proposed.
      > Unfortunately, it will take closer to a $16-million increase for the
      > Refuge
      > System to simply "stand still." Current recommendations do little to
      > address the Refuge System's daunting deficit, a burden that exceeds $2
      > billion.
      > As we mentioned last month and indicated above, the fate of the
      > Neotropical
      > Migratory Bird Conservation Act rests with the 109th Congress. The Act
      > will
      > expire after 30 September 2005 unless reauthorized.
      > Fortunately, the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Improvement Act
      > of
      > 2005 was introduced in the House as H.R. 518 on February 2, 2005, by Rep.
      > Ron Kind (D-WI) and Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD). It is the same proposal
      > as
      > the measure that passed House and Senate Committees last Congress but
      > never
      > made it to the floor.
      > The original legislation would also be improved, including increasing the
      > funding level to $10 in FY08 and $15 million in FY09, adjusting the
      > fund-matching requirements from 3-1 to 1-1, and allowing for increased
      > participation within Canada.
      > Right now, the clock is ticking, with the Neotrop Act's future in
      > question.
      > For details on the bill, type in "H.R. 518" on this page:
      > <http://thomas.loc.gov/>
      > To investigate one example of why Neotropical support is so necessary, we
      > draw your attention to a recent report of particular interest. An
      > expedition last month to Haiti's Parc National La Visite was conducted by
      > the Vermont Institute of Natural Science (VINS), along with local
      > cooperators from Hispanola. The intent was to survey the critically
      > endangered park, along with assessing its birdlife and conservation
      > status.
      >>From Bicknell's Thrush and Western Chat-Tanagers, to Black-capped Petrels,
      > the birds were determined to be seriously in need of preservation. In the
      > words of Chris Rimmer, VINS director of Conservation Biology, "the trip
      > proved a real success on one hand, but a sobering vision of a
      > disintegrating ecological future on the other."
      > To access the short but enlightening report by Chris Rimmer, see this
      > page:
      > <http://www.vinsweb.org/assets/pdf/Visite2005informal.pdf>
      > You can also access more VINS/Hispanolan information here;
      > <http://www.vinsweb.org/cbd/hispaniolaconservation/index.html>
      > Have you seen the "Large-billed" Savannah Sparrow, perhaps in southern
      > California? You may soon be able to "bank" that bird as a "new species."
      > In an article in the February 2005 issue of THE CONDOR, "Mitochrondrial
      > DNA
      > Varaition, Species Limits, and Rapid Evolution of Plumage Coloration and
      > Size in the Savannah Sparrow," authors Robert M. Zink, James D. Rising,
      > Steve Mockford, Andrew G. Horn, Jonathan M. Wright, Marty Leonard, and
      > M.C.
      > Westberg compare sequences from two mitochondrial DNA genes in Savannah
      > Sparrows. Populations from Baja California, San Diego, and Sonora formed a
      > clade which the authors assert merits species status (proposed to be named
      > Passerculus rostratus).
      > This saltmarsh population of Savannah Sparrows, with its unique size,
      > plumage color and pattern, and vocalization is now that much closer to
      > species status.
      > And before you ask. . . No, "Ipswich" Savannah Sparrow did not make the
      > grade.
      > Lake Apopka, Florida's fourth-largest lake, has been a mess for many
      > years.
      > The lake, which lies northwest of Orlando, has been abused over the years
      > by sewage-treatment plants, citrus processors, and "muck farms" carved out
      > of the lake's shoreline wetlands. The rich shoreline soils grew robust
      > vegetables, but had to be continuously drained via pumps, the drainage
      > going directly into the lake. More than a half-century of this
      > mistreatment
      > has been catastrophic.
      > Among the efforts to restore the 50-square-mile lake, the most ambitious
      > was the $100-million buyout of 13,000 acres of farmland in the late 1990s.
      > In late 1998, however, almost 700 birds were killed at the lake by
      > concentrated pesticides. Among them were American White Pelicans, Wood
      > Storks, Great Blue Herons, and even Bald Eagles.
      > After years of investigation, officials confirmed last month that they
      > finally had determined out how to clean up the lake, making it potentially
      > safe for birds and other wildlife. Even so, of almost 10,000 acres of idle
      > farmland at the lake's north end, between 2,200 - 7,000 acres have
      > pesticide levels capable of injuring or killing birds.
      > Before the reclaimed land around the lake can be permanently flooded as
      > lakeside wetlands, pesticide concentrations must be proven nontoxic or
      > reduced. The cost could be anywhere from $6.7 million to as much as $62
      > million. Varied plans for soil and water treatment are in the works,
      > ranging from clean-dirt cover, to mixing semi-tainted soil, to isolation.
      > Regardless of the specific cause of the 1998 deaths, the water authority
      > has taken a safe course by setting pesticide limits for farmland at levels
      > far lower than what might deliver a dose lethal to waterbirds or
      > disruption
      > of their reproduction.
      > Investigations continue. For background information from the Friends of
      > Lake Apopka, view these pages:
      > <http://www.fola.org/conc/concernf.htm>
      > <http://www.fola.org/news/newsf.htm>
      > On Thursday, 3 February, Ernst Mayr, one of the world's leading
      > evolutionary biologists, synthesizer and promoter of evolutionary ideas,
      > and accomplished ornithologist, died at the age of 100. Mayr built upon
      > Darwin's theories of evolution and reconciled them with new findings in
      > laboratory genetics and in field work on varied animal populations. Mayr
      > also created the field of history and philosophy of biology, an effort he
      > launched almost single-handedly.
      > His work reached far beyond the halls of the American Museum of Natural
      > History or Harvard University. A dedicated bird enthusiast and field
      > naturalist his entire life, he also described over two dozen new bird
      > species and 400 subspecies.
      > For more information, you may wish to read this excellent obituary from
      > THE
      > ECONOMIST:
      > <http://www.economist.com/people/displayStory.cfm?story_id=3644451>
      > As you probably know, Birders' Exchange is a project designed to collect
      > and distribute new and used birding field-equipment to researchers,
      > teachers, land managers, and other bird-oriented counterparts in Latin
      > America and the Caribbean. Currently run by the American Birding
      > Association, Birders' Exchange has recently taken on the ambitious project
      > of translating into Spanish John Kricher's highly acclaimed book, A
      > NEOTROPICAL COMPANION (Princeton Press). The translation itself - over 400
      > pages - was finished last month, in less than 10 months from start to
      > finish. The translation team comprised a total of thirty-seven volunteer
      > translators and a volunteer proof reader/editor. Alvaro Jaramillo, senior
      > editor of the project, will try to complete the final editing by June,
      > with
      > a projected completion date sometime in October.
      > This effort has been a huge success. The next big step will be to finish
      > raising enough money to print several thousand copies of the book in order
      > to distribute copies free of charge to universities, libraries, field
      > workers, and other individuals who would benefit from using a
      > Spanish-language version.
      > For more details, see these pages:
      > <http://www.americanbirding.org/bex/news/index.html>
      > On a similar theme, Kenn Kaufman's "Focus" guide on North American birds
      > (Houghton Mifflin) will be released next month in a Spanish-language
      > version. This pioneer effort, GUIA DE CAMPO A LAS AVES DE NORTEAMERICA,
      > has
      > been an ambitious and admirable endeavor. The intent is to provide a
      > unique
      > resource, useful for Spanish-speakers through much of the Western
      > Hemisphere. The education implications are clear; the conservation
      > consequences potentially profound.
      > Look for the book's release in April.
      > On 22 February, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service dedicated a new
      > National
      > Wildlife Refuge near Hollandale, Mississippi, making the 1,439-acre Holt
      > Collier NWR the first refuge to be named for a black person.
      > Sen. Thad Cochran (R-MS) and Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-MS), who cosponsored
      > legislation to establish the Holt Collier NWR, were present to honor
      > Collier, an expert marksman and freed slave from Greenville, who is best
      > known for guiding Theodore Roosevelt through the Mississippi Delta on a
      > bear hunt in 1902.
      > Beside the 1,439 acres already designated by the legislation, the Holt
      > Collier NWR will gain an additional 633 acres from the Army Corps of
      > Engineers. The refuge is eventually expected to total about 18,000 acres.
      > The Refuge provides habitat and resources for more than 250 bird speciess,
      > including many herons and egrets, White Ibis, Wood Stork, Roseate
      > Spoonbill, Great Crested Flycatcher, and Prothonotary Warbler. Plans are
      > underway for further habitat restoration, including increasing bottomland
      > hardwood trees.
      > The Holt Collier NWR is managed with six other refuges, known collectively
      > as the Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Complex, in the
      > Mississippi Delta.
      > For more details:
      > <http://southeast.fws.gov/news/2005/r05-010.html>
      > A couple of months ago, an interesting report on global climate change and
      > wildlife was released, and we did not draw your attention to it. This
      > three-year study released by the Wildlife Society (and distributed in
      > cooperation with the National Wildlife Federation) technically reviews
      > climate change's impact on North American wildlife. The report is a
      > distillation of hundreds of peer-reviewed scientific reports reviewed by a
      > professional panel, and there is ample evidence that wildlife species are
      > "responding" to warming, with animals and plants exhibiting "discernible
      > range changes consistent with changing temperatures." The study indicates
      > that warming has already altered migration routes, blooming cycles and
      > breeding habits of animals and plants across the continent. The review
      > committee included some thoughtful bird experts.
      > You can download the report here:
      > <http://iis-db.stanford.edu/pubs/20784/climate_change_technical_review.pdf>
      > The National Wildlife Refuge System, along with the National Fish and
      > Wildlife Foundation, the Keystone Center, the National Conservation
      > Training Center, and the National Wildlife Refuge Association is offering
      > environmental education grants under "The Nature of Learning," a new
      > National Wildlife Refuge System environmental education initiative.
      > The Nature of Learning seeks to use National Wildlife Refuges as outdoor
      > classrooms, encourage an interdisciplinary approach to learning, utilize
      > field experiences and student-led stewardship projects, and involve
      > partnerships.
      > It is ideal for schools, refuge Friends groups, cooperative and
      > interpretive associations, conservation organizations, bird clubs, and
      > nature centers
      > Grants in the amount of $5,000 for start-up projects, and $3,000 for
      > continued support, are being offered on a competitive basis. The grant
      > application window closes on 15 June 2005. For more information on this
      > creative program or to obtain application forms visit:
      > <http://www.nfwf.org/programs/tnol.htm>
      > Last month we described the impending change in the football-team logo for
      > the Cardinals. We inadvertently put the team in its former range, St.
      > Louis. The Cardinals migrated southward, of course, some time ago. In 1960
      > they migrated from Illinois to Missouri, and then in 1987 from Missouri to
      > Arizona. We stand corrected. (Indeed, not all versions of February's
      > E-bulletin had this migratory mistake. Some E-bulletin recipients got a
      > corrected later version.) Anyhow, for the new look in "fierce" bird-logos,
      > you can still view the images here:
      > <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6877757/>
      > - - - - - - - - - - -
      > We welcome your distribution of all or parts of this E-bulletin, only
      > requesting mention of the material's origins.
      > For a growing archive of previous E-bulletins, see this page on the NWRA
      > website:
      > <http://www.refugenet.org/birding/birding5.html>
      > If you have a friend who wants to get future copies of the North American
      > Swarovski Birding E-bulletin, have them contact:
      > Wayne Petersen
      > 781/293-9730, <wayne.petersen@...>
      > OR
      > Paul Baicich
      > 410/992-9736, <paul.baicich@...>
      > If you DON'T wish to receive these E-bulletins, contact either of us, and
      > we will take you off our mailing list IMMEDIATELY.

      Charlie Ewell
      Arlyne Salcedo
      Cape Coral, FL
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.