Swarovski Birding E-bulletin with Lake Apoka notes
----- Original Message -----
From: "Paul J. Baicich" <paul.baicich@...>
Cc: "Wayne Petersen" <Wayne.Petersen@...>
Sent: Friday, March 04, 2005 10:04 PM
Subject: Swarovski Birding E-bulletin - March 2005
> SWAROVSKI BIRDING COMMUNITY E-BULLETIN
> *Information, communication, and inspiration on birds, wildlife, and
> March 2005
> Welcome to the eleventh of our "Swarovski Birding E-bulletins" for North
> America. This communication is appearing every month, and it is intended
> keep friends and associates informed about news and developments in the
> area of birds, birding, and bird conservation.
> We continue this year with our new partner in producing and distributing
> this E-bulletin, the National Wildlife Refuge Association (NWRA). You may
> also wish to refer to the Swarovski-sponsored birding pages on the NWRA
> website for a simple introduction to birds and the birding world:
> This E-bulletin is longer that usual, but there was a lot of important
> information to share this month!
> We welcome your distribution of all or parts of this E-bulletin, only
> requesting mention of the material's origins. If you have a friend who
> wants to get onto this E-bulletin mailing list, that person can contact
> either of us:
> Wayne Petersen
> 781/293-9730, <wayne.petersen@...>
> Paul Baicich
> 410/992-9736, <paul.baicich@...>
> RARITY FOCUS
> Last month we mentioned that there were a number of marvelous birds being
> seen in southernmost Texas, so many in fact that it would be difficult to
> decide which species to profile for the month. At this writing, the
> spectacle in the Lower Rio Grande Valley continues. Among the wonder-birds
> seen in that region are Roadside Hawk, Elegant Trogon, Rose-throated
> Becard, White-throated and Clay-colored Robins, Flame-colored Tanager,
> Golden-crowned Warbler, Blue Bunting, and Crimson-collared Grosbeak (the
> last actually profiled in our December 2004 issue).
> It is the White-throated Robin, also known as White-throated Thrush
> assimilis) and not to be confused with the White-throated Robin (Irania
> gutturalis), a Middle Eastern Old World Flycatcher, that will receive our
> focus here. This species, is an olive-brown robin-like thrush with a white
> crescent below a streaked throat. The bird normally ranges from northern
> Mexico to northern South America. The species was first seen in the U.S.
> 1990, with a bird accompanying a small group of Clay-colored Robins at a
> location at Laguna Vista, Texas. A few more individuals appeared in the
> early months of 1998 at Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park and Santa Ana
> National Wildlife Refuge.
> This winter, however, the Valley has witnessed a number of sightings of
> this species. The year started with one found at the Frontera Audubon
> property in Weslaco on 2 January. Soon others were found, including one at
> the Sabal Palm Sanctuary near Brownsville, at least three cooperative
> individuals at Santa Ana NWR, and single birds at Bentsen, the Canon Road
> rest stop, and at the Inn at Chachalaca Bend. There may be more!
> What brought the White-throated Robins and the other essentially Mexican
> birds into the U.S. this season? Although there have been other impressive
> incursions of Mexican birds in recent winters (e.g., 1985-86 and 1987-88),
> none can approach the scope of the last few months.
> Some observers have speculated that the Mexican birds arrived following a
> pre-Christmas freeze in Mexico that brought the first snowfall in many
> decades. The hypothesis is that several rainy years in succession in
> northeastern Mexico may have sufficiently increased regional food supplies
> to encourage an expansion of local bird populations. Then, in response to
> the unseasonably cold weather in Mexico, birds from this expanded
> population flew northward seeking food after the vegetation die-off in the
> aftermath of the cold weather in Mexico.
> Regardless of the actual causes, the robins and other Mexican specialties
> have entertained thousands of visiting birders in the Valley, week in week
> out, since the birds first began appearing.
> NEW WHSRN SITE IN SOUTH TEXAS
> Since we're discussing the Lower Rio Grande Valley in this E-bulletin, it
> is appropriate to mention that a new internationally significant shorebird
> site has just been recognized there.
> On 22 January, there was a dedication for a recently designated Western
> Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN) site at the South Texas Salt
> Lakes, the La Sal Del Rey Tract of the Lower Rio Grande Valley National
> Wildlife Refuge, near Raymondville, Texas.
> The site received recognition in view of its use as a nocturnal roost for
> over 2,200 Long-billed Curlews. This constitutes over 10 percent of the
> estimated world population of the species. The salt lakes are also
> important for other species, with over 6,000 Wilson's Phalaropes and over
> 10,000 eared grebes having been documented there.
> The Lower Rio Grande Valley NWR now joins its sister refuge, Laguna
> Atascosa NWR, as a WHSRN-designated site.
> For background on WHSRN see these pages:
> YEAR OF THE OWLS
> Our rarity focus this month might very well have been the Great Gray Owl,
> species undertaking a major invasion into Minnesota, Wisconsin, and
> neighboring southern Canada. In fact, Minnesotan have called this "The
> of the Owls." The invasion continues to enthrall birders from the region
> even as we write. The Minnesota Ornithologists' Union (MOU) and Audubon
> Minnesota have been carefully cataloguing the record-breaking numbers of
> Great Gray Owls and other owl species in the state this winter. As of the
> last week in February, Peder Svingen, MOU Records Committee Chair has
> tallied reports of nearly 2,500 Great Gray Owls, more than 300 Northern
> Hawk Owls, and more than 400 Boreal Owls in Minnesota. . This compares to
> last year's more typical Minnesota totals of 35 Great Gray Owls, 6
> Hawk Owls, and 1 Boreal Owl. The numbers for this season represent the
> highest number ever documented in the state in a single winter season for
> each of the species listed. In Canada birders in Ontario and Quebec are
> also reporting increased numbers of Great Grays and other owls.
> Birders in Minnesota and Wisconsin are continuing to work with state and
> federal wildlife agency and university biologists to collect data on these
> owls. The phenomenon in Minnesota was even featured in a report on the NBC
> Nightly News on 8 February, a story you can access at:
> CRP AND GRASSLAND GROUSE IN MINNESOTA
> And here's more news from Minnesota.
> As reported by the Wildlife Management Institute, recent studies in
> Minnesota have shown that Greater Prairie-Chicken nesting success on
> Farm-Bill-promoted conservation reserve program (CRP) lands now approaches
> that of the species' nesting success on native grasslands. , In the early
> years of CRP (the mid- and late 1980s), prairie-chicken nesting success on
> those farm-bill set-aside acres was in the vicinity of 33 percent. Over
> time, however, with more lands in CRP, an increase in cover crops, and
> recovery of native flora, nesting success now approaches 46 percent. Land
> managers at The Nature Conservancy indicate that predators may have an
> increasingly difficult time finding prairie-chicken nests in the
> dense planted grasses, and that there is an increased supply of food
> compared with vegetative conditions in the early years of the CRP.
> HALF A CENTURY: WATERFOWL SURVEY
> Each spring and summer for the past 50 years, teams Fish and Wildlife
> Service pilot-biologists have taken to the air to survey North America's
> waterfowl breeding grounds. Flying more than 80,000 miles, crisscrossing
> the country at low altitude, the biologists, along with colleagues on the
> ground, have recorded the numbers of ducks, geese, and swans, and assessed
> the quality and quantity of waterfowl breeding habitat.
> The Waterfowl Population Survey Program represents a half century of
> standardized cooperative surveys performed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
> Service, the Canadian Wildlife Service, state and provincial biologists,
> and non-governmental cooperators. The 50-year survey program being
> celebrated this year is believed to be the most extensive, comprehensive,
> long-term, annual wildlife survey effort in the world.
> The Waterfowl Population Survey is critical in determining the status of
> North America's waterfowl populations. The survey plays a role in setting
> annual waterfowl hunting regulations, and it helps guide the decisions of
> waterfowl managers throughout North America.
> For more information, see these pages:
> LIGHTS OUT: CHICAGO
> For the last two months, we have mentioned the issue of bird-collisions,
> International Migratory Bird Day, and the conference in Chicago to be held
> early this month on the subject of bird-collisions.
> There is now a website that provide tools to replicate Chicago's Lights
> Program - a cooperative venture between Audubon Chicago Region, the City
> Chicago, and the Building Owners and Managers Association of Chicago. The
> Lights Out Program in Chicago encourages most of the city's tall buildings
> to turn off all their decorative lights during spring and fall bird
> migration. An expanded national effort has the support of the
> Building Owners and Managers Association, Audubon, and Partners in Flight,
> and is receiving funding from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
> Doug Stotz, ornithologist at The Field Museum in Chicago, estimates that
> the Lights Out program saves the lives of over ten thousand warblers,
> tanagers, thrushes, and other migratory birds each year in Chicago. His
> studies show that turning out lights reduces bird mortality due to
> collisions by 80 percent. Simply dimming or turning off the lights on the
> upper stories during the weeks that birds move through the Chicago
> metropolitan area can apparently help birds migrate more successfully
> through the urban area.
> For details on the new Lights Out site:
> For details on the "Birds and Buildings: Creating a Safe Environment"
> conference to be held on 11 March, find details at:
> AN ARCTIC SOURCE FOR WEST NILE SPREAD?
> First identified in the West Nile region of Uganda in 1937, West Nile
> (WNV) has been identified as a virus that affects human populations.
> Mosquitoes have been identified as the major vector for the spread of the
> virus, and migratory birds as the major transport agent for the virus.
> researchers in the Old World have implied that the most important source
> the virus in Europe has been Africa. However, Reuven Yosef and his
> colleagues at the International Birding and Research Center in Eilat,
> Israel, have encountered some interesting variations in the WNV
> findings which may refute the African-source theory.
> Through sampling of Little Stints migrating southward to Africa in autumn,
> over 10 percent recorded positive for WNV, and the overwhelming majority
> these individuals were first-year birds; in other words, those that had
> recently fledged in the high Arctic, making their first journey southward.
> Based on the data, and the lack of any other studies on the species or
> other tundra breeding birds, the researchers suggest that the Arctic has a
> greater capacity for the transfer of WNV than has previously been thought.
> They suggest that future WNV studies not blindly assume that the virus is
> out of Africa alone.
> FINCHES AND DISEASE IN THE WEST
> In California, a West Nile Virus hotline has received numerous calls from
> concerned residents reporting dead Pine Siskins in forested areas and
> suburbs throughout the northern portion of the state.
> As it turn out, it wasn't WNV at all, but rather was salmonellosis, a
> bacterial disease not related to WNV.
> The California Department of Fish and Game announced the finding in
> mid-February and asked Northern California residents to remove bird
> from their property for at least a month to help slow an outbreak of the
> avian disease.
> Salmonellosis is spread from bird to bird, and the largest die-offs often
> occur in winter when birds are stressed from the cold and congregate at
> bird feeders. Feces contaminate the feeders and infect other birds. Humans
> are less likely to become seriously ill from an outbreak of salmonella
> among birds, a strain that is similar to that found in uncooked poultry.
> Nonetheless, people should be cautious and are advised to wear gloves and
> wash their hands after cleaning birdfeeders. Salmonella is most often
> ingested through contaminated food products, but can be transmitted
> unsanitary hand contact with the face.
> There hasn't been a die-off this extensive in Northern California since a
> similar outbreak occurred 10 or 12 years ago. Coincidentally, a few weeks
> prior to the California announcement, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
> reported an outbreak of salmonellosis in Pine Siskins in the Juneau area
> Elsewhere in Alaska there were reports of dead Common Redpolls at
> bird feeders in Fairbanks and vicinity. This winter season Common Redpolls
> arrived early and in full force in Alaska. Usually not seen in the
> Fairbanks area until January or February, record numbers were being seen
> early as October. The Christmas Bird Count documented 8,231 redpolls in
> this year's annual tally, surpassing the previous record of 7,164 redpolls
> counted in 1997.
> The Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) suspected that the redpolls
> were also dying of salmonellosis bacteria, but investigations actually led
> to E. coli. Like salmonellosis, the E. coli bacteria is passed at feeders
> as birds congregate. Feces left in, on and around the feeders will infect
> other birds, and the disease can spread rapidly. The previous Common
> Redpoll die-off in Fairbanks occurred about a decade ago and was a result
> of salmonellosis.
> BIG OIL BACKING OFF OVER ARCTIC REFUGE?
> And while we're considering Alaska, it's time to revisit the ongoing
> drilling issue at the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
> In an article on 21 February in THE NEW YORK TIMES, major oil companies
> were viewed as losing interest in drilling on the coastal plain of the
> Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. ConocoPhillips, ChevronTexaco, and BP,
> once prominent in advocating for Alaska North Slope oil development, have
> already pulled out of Arctic Power, a pro-drilling lobbying group financed
> by the state of Alaska. At the same time, lease sales on the North Slope
> have averaged about $53 per acre. Despite this reality President Bush's
> budget assumes that lease sales in the Arctic Refuge will fetch more than
> $3,300 per acre.
> A Senate showdown over drilling at Arctic NWR is expected perhaps within a
> few weeks as supporters of drilling plan to use a budget measure to
> overcome strong opposition over oil drilling in the protected area. The
> refuge's coastal plain, of course, is a breeding ground for caribou, home
> to polar bears, and a site for countless nesting and migratory birds.
> Although some companies may be backing off, the Bush Administration is
> still pressing hard for drilling on the North Slope.
> For more details, and to take action, see this page on the NWRA website:
> PRESIDENT'S PROPOSED BUDGET INCHES FORWARD
> Although conservation interests were disappointed with President George W.
> Bush's proposed FY 06 budget on such issues as the Arctic NWR (highly
> optimistic lease sale projections), the $450-million cut from the
> Environmental Protection Agency's budget (with $300 million eliminated
> the Clean Water State Revolving Loan Fund), a reduction of endangered
> species programs by $3 million, and disappointing figures for the Land and
> Water Conservation fund (especially the zeroing out of stateside figures),
> there are still reasons to be optimistic.
> The five most important concerns of the Washington-based Bird Conservation
> Funding Coalition (BCFC) received favorable treatment in the President's
> proposed budget. What the President proposed actually approximated the
> initial goals of the funding coalition.
> The five major bird-conservation concerns and the related numbers
> recommended by the Administration are as follows:
> North American Wetlands Conservation Act
> $49.9 million ($12.5 million above FY05)
> State Wildlife Grants
> $74 million ($5 million above FY05)
> Division of Migratory Bird Management (USFWS)
> $26.6 million ($3.1 million above FY05)
> Joint Ventures
> $12.9 million ($2.6 million above FY05)
> Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act
> $4 million (identical to FY05)
> Despite what you may have heard about other parts of the President's
> request, these are very positive figures, approaching what the BCFC has
> requested in the past. The difficulty now is to make sure Congress
> these figures - and ideally raises a few!
> Of course, minor increases are usually necessary just to "stand still,"
> given cost-of-living, inflation, fuel costs, etc. And there is concern
> one of these items - the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act -
> expire at the end of this September unless it is reauthorized.
> Readers of this E-bulletin should also be concerned with the Refuge System
> budget. That item squeaks ahead with a $12.4- million increase proposed.
> Unfortunately, it will take closer to a $16-million increase for the
> System to simply "stand still." Current recommendations do little to
> address the Refuge System's daunting deficit, a burden that exceeds $2
> NEOTROP NUMBERS
> As we mentioned last month and indicated above, the fate of the
> Migratory Bird Conservation Act rests with the 109th Congress. The Act
> expire after 30 September 2005 unless reauthorized.
> Fortunately, the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Improvement Act
> 2005 was introduced in the House as H.R. 518 on February 2, 2005, by Rep.
> Ron Kind (D-WI) and Rep. Wayne Gilchrest (R-MD). It is the same proposal
> the measure that passed House and Senate Committees last Congress but
> made it to the floor.
> The original legislation would also be improved, including increasing the
> funding level to $10 in FY08 and $15 million in FY09, adjusting the
> fund-matching requirements from 3-1 to 1-1, and allowing for increased
> participation within Canada.
> Right now, the clock is ticking, with the Neotrop Act's future in
> For details on the bill, type in "H.R. 518" on this page:
> BIRD SURVEYS IN HAITI
> To investigate one example of why Neotropical support is so necessary, we
> draw your attention to a recent report of particular interest. An
> expedition last month to Haiti's Parc National La Visite was conducted by
> the Vermont Institute of Natural Science (VINS), along with local
> cooperators from Hispanola. The intent was to survey the critically
> endangered park, along with assessing its birdlife and conservation
>>From Bicknell's Thrush and Western Chat-Tanagers, to Black-capped Petrels,
> the birds were determined to be seriously in need of preservation. In the
> words of Chris Rimmer, VINS director of Conservation Biology, "the trip
> proved a real success on one hand, but a sobering vision of a
> disintegrating ecological future on the other."
> To access the short but enlightening report by Chris Rimmer, see this
> You can also access more VINS/Hispanolan information here;
> BANKING A SAVANNAH SPARROW?
> Have you seen the "Large-billed" Savannah Sparrow, perhaps in southern
> California? You may soon be able to "bank" that bird as a "new species."
> In an article in the February 2005 issue of THE CONDOR, "Mitochrondrial
> Varaition, Species Limits, and Rapid Evolution of Plumage Coloration and
> Size in the Savannah Sparrow," authors Robert M. Zink, James D. Rising,
> Steve Mockford, Andrew G. Horn, Jonathan M. Wright, Marty Leonard, and
> Westberg compare sequences from two mitochondrial DNA genes in Savannah
> Sparrows. Populations from Baja California, San Diego, and Sonora formed a
> clade which the authors assert merits species status (proposed to be named
> Passerculus rostratus).
> This saltmarsh population of Savannah Sparrows, with its unique size,
> plumage color and pattern, and vocalization is now that much closer to
> species status.
> And before you ask. . . No, "Ipswich" Savannah Sparrow did not make the
> LAKE APOPKA RECOVERY?
> Lake Apopka, Florida's fourth-largest lake, has been a mess for many
> The lake, which lies northwest of Orlando, has been abused over the years
> by sewage-treatment plants, citrus processors, and "muck farms" carved out
> of the lake's shoreline wetlands. The rich shoreline soils grew robust
> vegetables, but had to be continuously drained via pumps, the drainage
> going directly into the lake. More than a half-century of this
> has been catastrophic.
> Among the efforts to restore the 50-square-mile lake, the most ambitious
> was the $100-million buyout of 13,000 acres of farmland in the late 1990s.
> In late 1998, however, almost 700 birds were killed at the lake by
> concentrated pesticides. Among them were American White Pelicans, Wood
> Storks, Great Blue Herons, and even Bald Eagles.
> After years of investigation, officials confirmed last month that they
> finally had determined out how to clean up the lake, making it potentially
> safe for birds and other wildlife. Even so, of almost 10,000 acres of idle
> farmland at the lake's north end, between 2,200 - 7,000 acres have
> pesticide levels capable of injuring or killing birds.
> Before the reclaimed land around the lake can be permanently flooded as
> lakeside wetlands, pesticide concentrations must be proven nontoxic or
> reduced. The cost could be anywhere from $6.7 million to as much as $62
> million. Varied plans for soil and water treatment are in the works,
> ranging from clean-dirt cover, to mixing semi-tainted soil, to isolation.
> Regardless of the specific cause of the 1998 deaths, the water authority
> has taken a safe course by setting pesticide limits for farmland at levels
> far lower than what might deliver a dose lethal to waterbirds or
> of their reproduction.
> Investigations continue. For background information from the Friends of
> Lake Apopka, view these pages:
> ERNST MAYR: A CENTURY OF ACCOMPLISHMENTS
> On Thursday, 3 February, Ernst Mayr, one of the world's leading
> evolutionary biologists, synthesizer and promoter of evolutionary ideas,
> and accomplished ornithologist, died at the age of 100. Mayr built upon
> Darwin's theories of evolution and reconciled them with new findings in
> laboratory genetics and in field work on varied animal populations. Mayr
> also created the field of history and philosophy of biology, an effort he
> launched almost single-handedly.
> His work reached far beyond the halls of the American Museum of Natural
> History or Harvard University. A dedicated bird enthusiast and field
> naturalist his entire life, he also described over two dozen new bird
> species and 400 subspecies.
> For more information, you may wish to read this excellent obituary from
> BIRDERS' EXCHANGE CLOSE TO FINISHING TRANSLATION PROJECT
> As you probably know, Birders' Exchange is a project designed to collect
> and distribute new and used birding field-equipment to researchers,
> teachers, land managers, and other bird-oriented counterparts in Latin
> America and the Caribbean. Currently run by the American Birding
> Association, Birders' Exchange has recently taken on the ambitious project
> of translating into Spanish John Kricher's highly acclaimed book, A
> NEOTROPICAL COMPANION (Princeton Press). The translation itself - over 400
> pages - was finished last month, in less than 10 months from start to
> finish. The translation team comprised a total of thirty-seven volunteer
> translators and a volunteer proof reader/editor. Alvaro Jaramillo, senior
> editor of the project, will try to complete the final editing by June,
> a projected completion date sometime in October.
> This effort has been a huge success. The next big step will be to finish
> raising enough money to print several thousand copies of the book in order
> to distribute copies free of charge to universities, libraries, field
> workers, and other individuals who would benefit from using a
> Spanish-language version.
> For more details, see these pages:
> KAUFMAN GUIDE EN ESPANOL
> On a similar theme, Kenn Kaufman's "Focus" guide on North American birds
> (Houghton Mifflin) will be released next month in a Spanish-language
> version. This pioneer effort, GUIA DE CAMPO A LAS AVES DE NORTEAMERICA,
> been an ambitious and admirable endeavor. The intent is to provide a
> resource, useful for Spanish-speakers through much of the Western
> Hemisphere. The education implications are clear; the conservation
> consequences potentially profound.
> Look for the book's release in April.
> HOLT COLLIER: LATEST NWR
> On 22 February, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service dedicated a new
> Wildlife Refuge near Hollandale, Mississippi, making the 1,439-acre Holt
> Collier NWR the first refuge to be named for a black person.
> Sen. Thad Cochran (R-MS) and Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-MS), who cosponsored
> legislation to establish the Holt Collier NWR, were present to honor
> Collier, an expert marksman and freed slave from Greenville, who is best
> known for guiding Theodore Roosevelt through the Mississippi Delta on a
> bear hunt in 1902.
> Beside the 1,439 acres already designated by the legislation, the Holt
> Collier NWR will gain an additional 633 acres from the Army Corps of
> Engineers. The refuge is eventually expected to total about 18,000 acres.
> The Refuge provides habitat and resources for more than 250 bird speciess,
> including many herons and egrets, White Ibis, Wood Stork, Roseate
> Spoonbill, Great Crested Flycatcher, and Prothonotary Warbler. Plans are
> underway for further habitat restoration, including increasing bottomland
> hardwood trees.
> The Holt Collier NWR is managed with six other refuges, known collectively
> as the Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Complex, in the
> Mississippi Delta.
> For more details:
> CLIMATE CHANGE AND WILDLIFE REPORT
> A couple of months ago, an interesting report on global climate change and
> wildlife was released, and we did not draw your attention to it. This
> three-year study released by the Wildlife Society (and distributed in
> cooperation with the National Wildlife Federation) technically reviews
> climate change's impact on North American wildlife. The report is a
> distillation of hundreds of peer-reviewed scientific reports reviewed by a
> professional panel, and there is ample evidence that wildlife species are
> "responding" to warming, with animals and plants exhibiting "discernible
> range changes consistent with changing temperatures." The study indicates
> that warming has already altered migration routes, blooming cycles and
> breeding habits of animals and plants across the continent. The review
> committee included some thoughtful bird experts.
> You can download the report here:
> NATURE OF LEARNING GRANTS AVAILABLE
> The National Wildlife Refuge System, along with the National Fish and
> Wildlife Foundation, the Keystone Center, the National Conservation
> Training Center, and the National Wildlife Refuge Association is offering
> environmental education grants under "The Nature of Learning," a new
> National Wildlife Refuge System environmental education initiative.
> The Nature of Learning seeks to use National Wildlife Refuges as outdoor
> classrooms, encourage an interdisciplinary approach to learning, utilize
> field experiences and student-led stewardship projects, and involve
> It is ideal for schools, refuge Friends groups, cooperative and
> interpretive associations, conservation organizations, bird clubs, and
> nature centers
> Grants in the amount of $5,000 for start-up projects, and $3,000 for
> continued support, are being offered on a competitive basis. The grant
> application window closes on 15 June 2005. For more information on this
> creative program or to obtain application forms visit:
> MIGRATORY CARDINALS
> Last month we described the impending change in the football-team logo for
> the Cardinals. We inadvertently put the team in its former range, St.
> Louis. The Cardinals migrated southward, of course, some time ago. In 1960
> they migrated from Illinois to Missouri, and then in 1987 from Missouri to
> Arizona. We stand corrected. (Indeed, not all versions of February's
> E-bulletin had this migratory mistake. Some E-bulletin recipients got a
> corrected later version.) Anyhow, for the new look in "fierce" bird-logos,
> you can still view the images here:
> - - - - - - - - - - -
> We welcome your distribution of all or parts of this E-bulletin, only
> requesting mention of the material's origins.
> For a growing archive of previous E-bulletins, see this page on the NWRA
> If you have a friend who wants to get future copies of the North American
> Swarovski Birding E-bulletin, have them contact:
> Wayne Petersen
> 781/293-9730, <wayne.petersen@...>
> Paul Baicich
> 410/992-9736, <paul.baicich@...>
> If you DON'T wish to receive these E-bulletins, contact either of us, and
> we will take you off our mailing list IMMEDIATELY.
Cape Coral, FL