Re: [SORForum] Heirarchy
- The priesthood is of three classes: 1) Bishopric, 2) The qashe, 3) the
- Patriarch -- supreme head (1 at a time)
- Catholicos, under the patriarch, but has an autonomous region of which he
is the head (1 at a time)
- Archbishops (traditionally, they have bishops under them, but that is not
the case today)
- Bishops (this office is now open only to widowers)
2) The Qashe (priests)
- Corepiscopos or Khuroyo (the head of priests in a locality, now the title
- Qasho (priest of a parish)
3) The Deacons:
- The Archdeacon (one per archdiocese only, and the head of the Cathedral,
but it is more of an honorary title these days)
- Deacon (called in Syriac ewangeloyo) -- a deacon has priesthood.
- Subdeacon -- subdeacons, and the ranks below, do not have priesthood
(i.e., they are not priests).
Now monkhood is a totally independent thing. One can become a monk with or
without being a priest or deacon. There are two types of monks:
- Sharwoyo (novice): can leave the monkhood at any time, so long as he does
not hold a rank of Deacon (ewangeloyo) or above.
- Raban: a monk who is also ordained. If he leaves, all hell breaks loose
(the person will be subject to excommunication).
All the offices from Archbishop and above are restricted to monks (i.e., a
married priest cannot hold any of these offices).
As for marriage, it is intertwined with the priesthood:
- A Singer, Reader, or Subdeacon may get married BEFORE or AFTER ordination.
From the office of deacon up, one can get married BEFORE but not AFTER
- As mentioned above, the office of archbishop and above is closed to
married people -- tough luck! However, a widower priest may become a bishop
- If a married deacon, qasho, etc., becomes a widower, he cannot get married
again because one cannot get married AFTER getting ordained into these
- If a married Singer, Reader, or Subdeacon becomes a widower, he may get
married again, but to serve on the altar after the second marriage used to
require a permission from the Patriarch... Things may have gotten easier
George A. Kiraz, Ph.D.
Beth Mardutho: The Syriac Institute
Read Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies: http://syrcom.cua.edu/Hugoye
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Saturday, May 19, 2001 5:34 PM
Subject: [SORForum] Heirarchy
> Grace and Peace everyone,
> I have been asked about some people interested in the Church what our
> heirarchical structure is specifically. Perhaps you can give me some
> feedback and let me know if i'm correct or incorrect.
> Archbishop (Metropolitan)
> If this is incorrect, could someone please correct me. If this is correct,
> could someone please elaborate on this.
> Also, in regards to the "non-celibate priesthood how does this structure
> Thank you,
> "Let every man be quick to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger."
> (James 1:19)
> Syriac Orthodox Resources: http://sor.cua.edu
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