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327 th Dhukrono of St. Gregorios Abdul’ Galeel

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  • Thomas Daniel
    327 th Dhukrono of St. Gregorios Abdul Galeel St. Gregorios Abdul Galeel, the Syrian Orthodox Metropolitan of Jerusalem who came to India in AD.1665 on the
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 26, 2008
      327 th Dhukrono of St. Gregorios Abdul' Galeel

      St. Gregorios Abdul' Galeel, the Syrian Orthodox Metropolitan of
      Jerusalem who came to India in AD.1665 on the request of the
      Malankara Church to reinstate the Holy Apostolic faith here, is
      remembered by the local Syrian Christian community with great
      veneration. It was his untiring efforts that helped to revive the
      ancient faith and traditions of the Malankara Syrian Christian

      His Holiness was born in the city of Mosul in Iraq. In AD.1654 he
      was ordained Metropolitan by name 'Thimotheos' for the Omid diocese
      (Ameed/Diyarbaker) in Turkey by the Patriarch of Antioch Mor
      Ignatius She'mun. After ten years, the Patriarch elevated him as the
      Archbishop for the Syrian Orthodox Archdiocese of Jerusalem. In view
      of the historical importance of the city of Jerusalem in the
      Christian Church, the Metropolitan residing here was often referred
      as the 5th Patriarch in the Syrian Orthodox Church. 'Mor Gregorios'
      was the honorable title entrusted to this Jerusalem Patriarch who
      was within the spiritual supremacy of the Holy Patriarchal See of
      Antioch. Thus from his assumption as the Metropolitan of Jerusalem
      diocese, Mor Timotheos came to be known as 'Mor Gregorios'.

      During the 16th and 17th Centuries, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church
      was subjected to different kinds of religious persecution and
      suppression from external forces. In that period, first the
      Nestorians through their emissaries, and later the Catholic Church
      with the help of Portuguese, established their foothold in
      Malankara. In 1653, Patriarch Mor Ahatullah who was on his way to
      Malankara was murdered by the Portuguese navy and drowned in the
      Arabian Sea. The desperate Malankara church leadership appealed to
      the Patriarchate for immediate help. To discuss about the serious
      situation, the Patriarch of Antioch summoned an Episcopal Synod and
      decided to send his delegate to protect the interests of the Syrian
      church in Malankara. The mission was boldly undertaken by Archbishop
      Mor Gregorios Abdul' Jaleel Bava. During his journey he had to
      encounter many hardships, ultimately he landed near Ponnani, then an
      important port in north Kerala, in 1665. Bava was fully conscious of
      the situations prevailing in Malankara and was prepared to face any
      untoward instances. He stayed there in disguise until some
      parishioners of the St.Thomas Church, North Paravur visited the
      place to whom he revealed his identity. They took him to their
      church and informed others. Thomas Arkadiyokan (the one who was
      giving leadership to the Malankara church) and others rushed to
      place, all were very happy to see the delegate from the Apostolic
      See. Soon after, Mor Gregorios Bava ordained Thomas Arkadiyokan as
      bishop in the name 'Marthoma I'. With this single act, the holy
      father reestablished the Malankara-Antioch relationship which was
      cut off during some time. Later both these bishops jointly travelled
      the length and breath of Kerala, visiting various Churches and
      preached to the people and revived the spiritual traditions and
      faith of the Syriac Christians. In 1670 Mor Gregorios and Marthoma
      the first, together ordained Marthoma the second. But for His
      Holiness timely action, the Malankara Church in its present form
      should not have been in existence. As he was responsible for the re-
      establishment of Jacobite (Orthodox) faith, Mor Gregorios is known
      as "Yakoob Burdana" of Malankara. Due to the abound love and respect
      showered on Him by the faithful's of the St.Thomas Jacobite Syrian
      Church, N Paravur, the holy father stayed on for about 7 years
      there. On 27th April, 1681 A.D. (M.E. 857 Medom 14th, Friday), His
      Holiness was called to eternal rest and entombed in the North
      Paravur Church. The tomb of the saintly father has subsequently
      became a Holy Place for the Syrian Christians.

      Thousands of Pilgrims visit the tomb every year seeking his
      intercession. On April 9, 2000, the supreme head of the Syriac
      Orthodox Church of Antioch & all the East, H.H the Patriarch
      Ignatius Zakka I, through an historical bull, permitted to recite
      the Quqalya hymns and prayers of the Zadeeqo (saints) at the tomb of
      Mor Gregorios Abdel`Galeel Bava and beseech his intercession.

      Source: http://www.syrianchurch.org/Paravur/StGregorios.htm
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