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Aramaic - the language of Jesus- Motion for a resolution presented

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  • Thomas Daniel
    Aramaic - the language of Jesus Carina Hägg, Sweden, SOC, den 30 oktober 2004 Motion for a resolution presented by Mrs Carina Hägg and others Aramaic is best
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 10, 2004
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      Aramaic - the language of Jesus
      Carina Hägg, Sweden, SOC, den 30 oktober 2004

      Motion for a resolution presented by Mrs Carina Hägg and others
      Aramaic is best known as the language Jesus spoke. It is a Semitic
      language originating in the middle Eufrates. In 800-600 BC it spread
      from there to Syria and Mesopotamia. The oldest preserved
      inscriptions are from this period and written in Old Aramaic. In the
      Persian Empire, Aramaic became one of the official languages, today
      known as Biblical Aramaic. The Arabic texts in the Old Testament are
      in Biblical Aramaic. And Peshitta is a Bible translation from ca 100-
      200 AD.

      After the birth of Christ, Aramaic dialects were used as a literary
      language by Jews, Christians and Gnostic groups. These dialects are
      still used as a liturgical language by Jews, by Christians who refer
      to themselves as Assyrians, Syrians, Chaldeans and Nestorians, and
      by Mandeans. The dialects are grouped in West Aramaic and East
      Aramaic branches.

      After the Muslim conquest Aramaic declined as a spoken language and
      was replaced by Arabic. Today, four versions of Aramaic are spoken
      by some 3,000,000 speakers: Turabdinic, Urmic and Neo-Mandean, based
      on East Aramaic dialects, and the language of Maaloula in Syria,
      which has its roots in a West Aramaic dialect. Only Urmic and
      Assyrian are written languages. The Aramaic script is based on a
      version of the Phoenician alphabet. Both Hebrew and Arabic scripts
      are developments of the Aramaic script.

      Studies of Aramaic are important in linguistics and philosophy, but
      are also relevant to other disciplines in the humanities such as
      history, cultural studies, comparative religion and comparative
      literature. But in its regions of origin the language is currently
      facing the threat of extinction. An enquiry is urgently needed into
      the status and condition of the language and the support it requires
      in order to develop and survive.

      In recent decades, immigrant communities have taken the Aramaic
      language and its traditions with them to a number of countries, but
      at the same time the original language groups have been thinned out
      and the transmission of these traditions to new generations has been
      made more difficult. The language is important both as a form of
      communication and as a tradition for those groups whose native
      tongue it is. In addition, the language is of great significance for
      theological studies in the fields of Judaism, the early Christian
      Church and Islam. Currently, however, Aramaic has no "home", there
      is no centre with responsibility for the language. It requires
      responsibility and cooperation between countries and seats of
      learning, and a dialogue with the language groups concerned to be
      able to develop the written language and ensure that the! language


      Posted by
      Thomas Daniel (Reji)
      St. George Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Cheppaud
      Alleppy (Dist), Kerala, India.
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