"Nestorious should be ashamed, and should place his hand on his lips.
This Child is God. How then can she who bore Him be anything but
God's Mother? If anyone does not acknowledge her as Mother of God,
such a one is far removed from the Godhead. These words, though it is
I who use them, are not my own for I have inherited these glorious
teachings from Gregory the Theologian. Let us adore God alone, the
Creator and Maker of all things. Let us offer to Him the worship of
latria as to God who is of His very nature adorable. Let us revere,
too, the Holy Mother of God, not indeed as God, but as God's Mother
according to the flesh." Saint John Damascene (676-754)
From a letter by Saint Cyril of Alexandria, bishop:
"That anyone could doubt the right of the holy Virgin to be called
the Mother of God fills me with astonishment. Surely she must be the
Mother of God if our Lord Jesus Christ is God, and she gave birth to
him! Our Lord's disciples may not have used those exact words, but
they delivered to us the belief those words enshrine, and this has
also been taught us by the holy fathers.
In the third book of his work on the holy and consubstantial Trinity,
our father Athanasius, of glorious memory, several times refers to
the holy Virgin as "Mother of God." I cannot resist quoting his own
words: "As I have often told you, the distinctive mark of holy
Scripture is that it was written to make a twofold declaration
concerning our Savior; namely, that he is and has always been God,
and that for our sake in these latter days he took flesh from the
Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and became man."
Again further on he says: "There have been many holy men, free from
all sin. Jeremiah was sanctified in his mother's womb, and John while
still in the womb leaped for joy at the voice of Mary, the Mother of
Athanasius is a man we can trust, one who deserves our complete
confidence, for he taught nothing contrary to the sacred books.The
divinely inspired Scriptures affirm that the Word of God was made
flesh, that is to say, he was united to a human body endowed with a
rational soul. He undertook to help the descendents of Abraham,
fashioning a body for himself from a woman and sharing our flesh and
blood, to enable us to see in him not only God, but also, by reason
of this union, a man like ourselves. It is held, therefore, that
there are in Emmanuel two entities, divinity and humanity. Yet
our Lord Jesus Christ is nonetheless one, the one true Son, both God
and man; not a deified man on the same footing as those who share the
divine nature by grace, but true God who for our sake appeared in
human form. We are assured of this by Saint Paul's declaration: When
the fullness of time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born
under the law, to redeem those who were under the law and to enable
us to be adopted as sons."
Father, the bishop Cyril courageously taught that Mary was the Mother
of God. May we who cherish this belief receive salvation through the
incarnation of Christ your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the
Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.
Every Grace Through Her
"All gifts, virtues, and graces of the Holy Ghost are administered by
the hands of Mary to whomsoever she desires, when she desires, in the
manner she desires, and to whatever degree she desires. Mary is the
dispensatrix of all the graces God bestows. Every grace granted to
man in this life has three successive steps: from God it comes to
Christ, and from Christ to the Virgin,and from the Virgin it descends
to us. -St. Bernardine of Siena, "On the Birth of the Blessed
(a) Luke 1:43: Elizabeth calls her "mother of my Lord." In the NT,
"Lord" refers only to God.
(b) Mt 1:23: "Behold the virgin shall be with child and bear a son,
and they shall name Him " Emmanuel," which means "God is with us."
(c) Luke 1:35: "the child to be born will be called holy, the son of
(d) Gal 4:4: "But when the fullness of time had come, God sent His Son
, born of a woman."
EARLY CHURCH FATHERS
"For our God, Jesus Christ, was conceived by Mary, in accord with
plan..." LETTER TO THE EPHESIANS, 18, 2; Jurgens, P. 18, # 42. (St.
"The Virgin Mary, ... being obedient to His word, received from an
angel the glad tidings that she would bear God. " AGAINST HERESIES,
5, 19, 1; Jurgens, p. 101, #26a. (St. Irenaeus, 180-199 A.D.)