Church History - SOR Pages
Followings texts are extracted from the book �The Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch At A Glance, Patriarch Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, 1983�. A well documented, narrated and recommended to read by all forum members.
The Syrian Orthodox Church is the Church of Antioch, whose foundation goes back to the very dawn of Christianity, when Antioch was the capital of Syria1 and one of the three capital cities in the Roman Empire��. The Book of Acts witnesses the earnest zeal of the members of the Church of Antioch and their care for their fellow Christians�.. since it comprised both of the gentiles and the circumcised. Hence, Ignatius of Antioch was the first to apply the adjective 'universal' to the Christian Church��. Hence, the term 'Syrian Church' means the Christian Church. The Syriac language is also known as the Aramaic�. The Church of Antioch is considered to be the most ancient and widely known of all churches after the Church of Jerusalem��.. "Ignatius became famous and was chosen to be the Bishop of Antioch and the successor of St. Peter."27 In his Calendar of Feasts, Hieronymus28 fixed the 22nd day of February as the day of the establishment of the See of St. Peter in Antioch. The Catholic Church still celebrates this feast on this same date��� Bishop of Mardin was installed Patriarch in 1293 with the name Ignatius, the custom was confirmed and it has remained a continuous tradition in the Syrian Orthodox Church to this day��� Through various regional and ecumenical councils, the bishoprics were eventually attached to the archbishoprics and the great and equal apostolic sees were recognized to be Antioch, Alexandria and Rome���. The council was considered above the bishops and as the highest authority in the whole archdiocese���.. During the third century, a number of bishoprics were gradually organized and a general leadership was established, with Madaen as its center, in the ecclesiastical region under the jurisdiction of the Apostolic See of Antioch.48 Its bishop was called Bishop of the East, or Catholicos of the East, and was later known as the Maphryono49 of the East��� Ya`qub Burd`ono visited the church in the East and consecrated Ahodemeh as General Bishop who became the first General Bishop of the East, after the Nestorians had captured its See���. Also we can see in the history of the church that the Patriarch was enthroned by the fathers of the church with the cooperation of the Catholicos. Several attempts have taken place for infringing this tradition��.. But since the 16th century, the name Baselios was added to his original personal name. In the year 1860, after the death of Maphryono Mor Baselios Bahnam IV of Mosul, the Maphrianate was abolished by a decision of a synod��.. On May 21, 1964, the office of the Maphrianate was reinstated according to a resolution of the synod held at Kottayam, South India. It was presided by H. H. Mor Ignatius Ya`qub III, the late Patriarch of Antioch and All the East, and attended by all the bishops of the Syrian Church in India���. This book provides a panoramic view of the Church of Antioch, the true Church of the Orient, commonly known as the Syrian Orthodox Church, whose faith, liturgy and tradition are distinctively Oriental and are at the same time a witness to the undivided early church.
The full text of this book is available at SOR web page http://sor.cua.edu/Pub/PZakka1/SOCAtAGlance.html we already requested the Webmaster to provide a printable version of this article through the SOR web.
In Our Lords Love
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- Dear Bibu Philip,
Thank you for welcoming me as a brother through St. Peter. I
received your private mail about the history of the SOC. I know
very well the sins and injustices committed by the members of
the Catholic Church to our eastern brethren in the past. Joining
Pope John Paul II, the successor of St. Peter, I would ask for
your forgiveness for the sins committed by our forefathers towards you.
As a member of this forum, I can be your resident catholic. I
would gladly answer any questions you have regarding the Catholic
Church. I also hope to learn a lot from this forum about my Syrian
>>From: BIBU PHILIP MATTHEW [mailto:bibuphilipmathew@...]
>>Sent: Thursday, April 04, 2002 4:42 PM
>>Subject: Noble cause
>>From the desk of:
>> ( Vayaliparambil Pynadath ) BPM
>> BIBU PHILIP MATTHEW M
>>To the Catholic Gentleman from Philippines, joined forum recently,
>>my message is dear Mr. Pauolo G.
>> " there will be heated debates in some topics as a grassroot