Interpretation of the Holy Bible - St. Matthew : Chapter 5 - lesson 1
- V 1 : Sermon on the Mount
1 When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on a hill ; and after He sat down,
His disciples came to Him.
2 He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,
3 "( Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 "Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
5 "Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth�
�He went up on a hill �
We are not completely sure on which this hill is. But the scene of this
discourse is traditionally located on Karn Hattin (or Kurun Hatt�n), the
Horns of Hattin, 7 miles southwest of Capharnaum. The other two occasions
when the Lord ascended a hill are also very important. They are 1) During
His transfiguration (Mat 17:11) 2) During His ascension (28:16). We can
also see that Moses also ascended a hill to receive the 10 commands for the
Israelites. (Exodus 1)
�When he was seated:�
Usually the Jewish Rabbi would stand when delivering speeches. But they
would sit when they teach or give speeches of authority. In the early
church also the speaker would sit and listeners (including the kings) would
�He opened his mouth�.
This usage instead of � he spoke� has a special meaning. This kind of usage
was used for expressing serious matters or opening ones own mind. That is
it was not merely an advice but it was serous instructions.
[ This is also a fulfillment of prophecy : Psalms 78:2 which is �I will
open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old:� ]
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