Interpretation of the Holy Bible - St. Matthew : Chapter 4 - lesson 7
- Chapter 4 ; Lesson 7
St. Peter ( Simon ) and St. Andrew
St. Simon and Andrew are brothers. St. Chrysostom compares this great selection to the selection of brothers Moses and Aaron. Simon means one who obeys. Lord called him Cephas (Kephas; Aramaic Kepha- rock). The circumstances why Lord called him Cephas is in John 1:42 and reason for it is in Mathew Matthew 16:18 and the responsibilities entrusted to him is in John 21:15-17. His tribe was Naphthali and was son of Jonah. He was from Bethsaida of Galilee. Simon settled in Capharnaum, after marriage, where he was living with his mother-in-law or in his own house. Andrew was his younger brother ( Ber-Sleebi ). Peter, Andrew, Jacob, John etc were all the disciples of John the Baptist. Peter was with our Lord in the most important times. Peter is referred in Epistles many times, which is not repeated here. But Eusebius says, "In AD 37 he went to Antioch and established his See (Feb 22). He ordered that the faithful pray facing east." He established churches in Sur,
Sydron, Caesarea, Beruth , Jabala, and Trippoly. He also appointed episcopes in all these places. In AD 51 he spoke as the chief of the apostles in Jerusalem synod. He was in Antioch between AD 53 to 60. There he with the help of Apostle Paul consecrated St. Evodius and Ignatius noorono ( The Illuminator ] as his successors to the See of Antioch. The church fathers have recorded that the St. Evodius administered the converts from gentiles and St. Ignatius administered one who came from Jews, and after the death of St. Evodius, all were under the leadership of St. Ignatius. He visited Corinth during his apostolic journeys. In AD 67 he reached Rome to be with the Christian persecuted by Roman Emperor Nero, where apostle was crucified. With head downward so that he could die kissing Lords feet as per his wish. (Origen). In AD 61 he sent his disciple Mark to Alexandria for gospel spreading and established See of Alexandria.
From the Desk of the Moderators
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