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Bible Study - Matthew Chapter 1 : Lesson 3

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  • SOCM
    High priests and Scribes ========================== We have discussed about high priests before. Scribes literally means ����� writers or scholars. They
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 30, 2004
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      High priests and Scribes
      ===================================================We have discussed about high priests before. Scribes literally
      means – writers or scholars. They Composed of more active laymen
      and
      Pharisees, but also some Priests and Sadducees. Their beginning is
      from Ezra. At the time of Ezra and probably for some time after,
      this was chiefly the business of the priests. Ezra was both priest
      and scholar (copher) and the guardians of the Law. ( Ezra 5:6,10) .
      But in the course of time this was changed. The more highly esteemed
      the Law became in the eyes of the people, the more its study and
      interpretation became a lifework by itself, and thus there developed
      a class of scholars who, though not priests, devoted themselves
      assiduously to the Law. These became known as the scribes, that is,
      the professional students of the Law. They became responsible for
      preserving the law, copying the law, translating and more
      importantly
      interpreting the law. Thus hence, they became (spiritual) teachers
      of the people! At the time of Christ, this distinction was complete.
      They also held position as priests and they settled disputes
      regarding interpreting law or practicing law among people. The
      extraordinary honors bestowed on these scholars on the part of the
      people are expressed in their honorary titles. Most common was the
      appellative "rabbi" == "my lord" (Matthew 23:7 and otherwise). This
      word of polite address gradually became a title. The word "rabboni"
      (Mark 10:51; John 20:16) is an extensive form, and was employed by
      the disciples to give expression to their veneration of Christ. In
      the Greek New Testament "rabbi" is translated as (kurie). Besides
      these, we find (pater), "father," and (kathegetes), "teacher"
      (Matthew 23:9 .). They were very closely related to Pharisees but
      were not associated with them. Their responsibilities are found in
      (Matthew 2:4, 17:10, Mark 12; 15,). From B.C 200 onwards they
      started interpreting the Laws and instituted many rules and
      procedures. The taught that these procedures were as important as
      Laws. (Mathew 15:1). Our Lord strongly condemned these created
      spiritless laws and procedures. To become a scribe one has to be
      trained under a scribe for four years. When he turns 30, other
      scribes would examine him. They would lay their hands over to give
      the scribe-hood. Then they would be given a writing plank and a key.
      (Luke 11:52). The key was the symbol of authority to revel the
      mystery of the Law. Until up to AD 200, they commanded nobility in
      the society.

      The Scribes were not all Pharisees, as in practice not all Pharisees
      were Scribes, since one might not have had the necessary education.
      The Scribe was the most educated in the Law -- he could be priest or
      layman, Pharisee or Sadducee. At the time of Jesus, only very few
      Scribes were priests and Sadducees, being mostly laymen of Pharisaid
      beliefs.

      V 5-6 "Bethlehem in Judea," they replied, "for this is what the
      prophet has written:"
      This is a fulfillment of Micah 5:2. The scholars knew the correct
      information. But it did not change their mind. They used the
      information for wrong reasons.

      V 2:9-11
      "And the star they had seen in the east [1] went ahead of them until
      it stopped over the place where the child was"
      That place as per verse 11 was a "house". St. Joseph had found a
      home in Bethlehem by that time.
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