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Bible Study Lesson1

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  • SOCM
    The visit of Magi ================= Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea, in the days of Herod the king, there came Magi from the east unto Jerusalem
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 27, 2004
      The visit of Magi
      =================================Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea, in the days of Herod
      the king, there came Magi from the east unto Jerusalem

      John, Mark and Luke are silent to this . This is because John and
      begin their Gospels with the public life of Jesus while Luke
      describes other facts of childhood. We know John knew the story of
      the Magi because, Iraneous witnessed it; for we get Johannine
      tradition through Iraneous.

      "Magi from the east "

      (Matt., 2:1, 2, 9) came to visit baby Jesus in Bethlehem of Judea.
      But Who are this Magi? And where is the East ? Regarding this, there
      are many opinions. Some people say they were 3 and others say they
      were 12. Jacob of Eddessa (AD. 640 ) has given 12 names as 1)Sohed
      2) Vandar 3) Arsak 4) Aafuth 5) Arthahasath 6) Agthan 7) Basuk 8)
      Mahubhook 9)Barhum 10) Ahageeros 11) Sardna 12) Aarooth

      [ Note 1: by translator : Later traditions put them as a) Caspar or
      Gaspar, b) Melchior, and c) Balthazar. ]

      The Feast of Epiphany, on January 6th, commemorates their visit.
      Opinions differ on weather they came from Persia (Clement of
      Alexandria) or Babylon (St. Maximus) or Arabia (Saba) (St. Justin
      Tertullian and St. Epiphanius)(Psalm 71:10). They are also referred
      as wise men in English. They scholars in astronomy. . No Father of
      the Church holds the Magi to have been kings.

      [Note by translator : There is also a Jewish legend that say that
      Daniel himself, as an official of the Persian government, founded
      this order of Magi (wise men), and instructed them to watch for the
      Messiah through the generations ]

      [As per Herodotus Magi was the sacred caste of the Medes ( In
      Persia ). But they fought against the Persian Kings and were
      defeated. Later on they provided priests for Persia and became well
      know for religious duty. The religious influence of this priestly
      caste continued throughout Persia for a while. Some of them even
      became Place teachers. The Magian priests formed one of the two
      councils of the Parthian Empire. Any way The Romans, The Jews and
      Persians believed that a great king would rule them. (The followers
      of Zarathushtra were dualistics believing in gods of good and evil).
      The astronomy was a major science in Mediterranean countries at that
      time. So many observatories prove its widespread popularity even
      from kings to common people. ]

      [ Note 2: by translator : There is a tradition in Kerala ( India )
      that " three Maggies " are from Kerala. Three is a church
      dedicated to them.]

      you can read about the church and history at

      =================It is uncertain when this city was established. "The Salem"
      ruled by MELCHIZEDEK , during the time of Abraham ( c 2000 BC),
      be Jerusalem. (Genesis 14:18). Messages on clay plates, sent by the
      king of Jerusalem to the king of Egypt on BC 1450, has been
      discovered. About 2500 BC, the Canaanites inhabited the city.
      Later, Jerusalem became a Jebusite citadel. When the Israelites
      entered Canaan they could not capture it. But later David captured
      the city (c.1000 BC); the Jebusites were absorbed into the Jewish
      people. David made Jerusalem the capital of his kingdom. Then it was
      known as David's city (2 Samuel 5:7, 6:12). It was also called
      His son Solomon built the first Temple to house the Ark of the
      Covenant. (1 Kings 9:15). In 586 BC, the Babylonian
      Nebuchadneszzar destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple and exiled the
      Jews to Babylonia. (Babylon exile) Fifty years later (537 BC), Cyrus
      the Great of Persia conquered Babylonia and he permitted the Jews to
      return to Jerusalem and rebuild their Temple under the leadership if
      Nehemiah in BC 444. . Persia held the city until 333 BC, when
      Alexander the Great added Palestine to his empire. In 323 BC,
      Ptolemy 1 of Egypt took Palestine into his kingdom. About 198 BC,
      the Seleucid (Greek) king Antiochus III conquered Judea (of which
      Jerusalem was a part), making it tributary to Syria. The Jews later
      revolted under the leadership of Maccabees and defeated the Syrians.
      The Temple was re-consecrated in 165 BC, and the Maccabean, or
      Hasmonean, dynasty ruled until Rome took the city in 63 BC. The
      Romans set up a local dynasty, the house of Herod, to rule most of
      Palestine; Herod the Great (r. 40-4 BC) rebuilt much of Jerusalem,
      including the Temple. Roman governors, however, retained ultimate
      control; one of them, Pontius Pilate, authorized the execution of
      Jesus Christ. While suppressing a major Jewish revolt, the Romans
      destroyed the Second Temple in AD 70. From the early 4th century,
      under Greek emperor Constantine the Great beatified many Christian
      holy places including the tomb where our Lord was buried. In AD 637
      the Muslims conquered Jerusalem. The Arabs built (688-91) the Dome
      of the Rock mosque on the site of the Temple. Except for a little
      time, they ruled it till 1917, when it came under British. The 1948
      United Nations partition plan for Palestine called for
      internationalization of the city. From 1949, Jerusalem was divided
      into an Israeli and a Jordanian sector. The city remained divided
      until 1967, when Israel took the entire city following the Six Day
      War. The city is reunited today under Israel.
      To the east of mount Jerusalem - is Mount of Olives. In between the
      two is valley of Kidron. Pool of Bethesda and Seelohom and Mount
      Moria are also in Jerusalem.]
      again not sure if this fits here …

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