Fwd: Article- Oriental Consanguinity (History)
- From the desk of:
( Vayaliparambil Pynadath ) BPM
BIBU PHILIP MATTHEW M
A RETROSPECTION OF INDIA IN FOURTH DIMENSION
"History is past politics and politics present history"
says John Robert Sealey. Every nation has its dreams, the
French dreamed being universally loved by all civilized
people. Italians dreamed of making a mark on history like
a lion with its claws .Germans loved of being a place in
sun. Americans invincible, always right and in the long run
always victorious. Soviet stood for international proletarian
emancipation. The Portuguese and British apart from colonizing
India dreamed of spiritually enslaving Indians to keep their
hegemony forever intact.
An English journalist attended Sunday service in a local
church in Kerala. The altar was free from idols built in
Persian architecture of East, priestly robes resembling dress
code of Jewish high priest. He was shocked when he realized
that the liturgy was written and recited in high tone not
in Malayalam but in 'Syriac' a derivative(Edessene dialect)
of ARAMAIC which Jesus Christ himself used .He was filled
with awe to see a pure Eastern Church in the India of
When the first colonial power under navigatourship of
Vasco Da Gamma landed in Kerala through Atlantic Ocean in
1498 in search of spices of kerala, Gamma was shocked to
see Churches through out coast of Kerala. He inquired
whether they are followers of Pope. They replied they have
nothing to do with Pope, they are Eastern Christians, the
first Christians of the world and many of them came from
Middle East. Gamma reported this to their king and their
followed a great conspiracy between king and Pope to
enslave Eastern Christians of India by draconian measures .
Eastern Christians were specially invited by rulers of
Kerala to develop trade and they controlled ,maintained all
markets and all business including export in association
with Jewish, Syrian merchants who owned wind jammers. The
Portuguese Catholic bishop of Goa Alexio Menzes wanted all
Christians in India to come under his jurisdiction adopt
Roman orthodoxy. Menezes started a visit of parishes advocating
name of Pope instead of Patriarch as spiritual head(council of
trent 1562).Portuguese influenced local rulers and the Archdeacon,
local head of eastern Christians was made to sever ties with
East under duress. They burned all books and scriptures of
Eastern Christians(Udayamperur synod .20/6/1599 AD).The Hindu local
Cochin king supported Portuguese and issued proclamation that any
sryian Priest or Church which abstained from synod of Catholic
Portugeuse bishop for establishing Catholic Church in kerala ,
their assets will be confiscated,yet no Syrian priests of Angamali,
earnestwhile head quarters of Syrian Church attended synod , local
king was helpless. Mean while local population found Portuguese
practices morally disgusting as renowned historian Prof.Guptan
Nair says "Portuguese introduced beef for first time in
India and not the Eastern Christians. "Eastern Christians
to whom loyalty is paramount started their secret resistive
movement, the Archdeacon of Eastern Christians sent secret
appeals to Patriarch of East to send any prophet to
ordain bishop for Eastern Christians in India and to
liberate from Portuguese control through Eastern merchants.
It took at least a decade for a letter to reach Patriarch
of Antioch/East by sea route. Bishop Mor Ahatalla from
Syria reached Surat in 1652 .Mor Ahatalla was arrested by
Jesuits on Aug. 3rd 1652. Portuguese took Mor Ahatalla to
Goa, imprisoned him and was given choice of renouncing his
Syrian Church accepting Pope or die. Mor Ahatalla was
condemned a heretic by INQUISITION OF GOA and died
at stake in 1654. The eastern Christians assembled in
thousands at Cochin(Leaning cross event / KOONANKURISH SATHYAM ,
16-1-1653 AD) and took oath no longer to submit to authority
of Rome and be loyal to Patriarch of East only as their
spiritual head. This broke yoke of Roman supremacy, Portuguese
tried their best by arresting and killing as many Syrian
prophets as possible as masters of sea. The Patriarch of
Antioch and All the East again sent Abdel Galeel Mor
Gregorios, bishop of Jerusalem and Eldo Mor Bascellios,
bishop of Mosul(Iraq) to India.The former reached India
in 1665 disguised as Arabic teacher and latter at age of
ninety two through secret forest paths in 1685.Both
revived and reconstructed completely shattered eastern
Syrian Church in India(Kerala) gradually.Tipu Sultan of
Mysore attacked Travencore in 1789AD during time of Darmaraja
in which Tipu was defeated , but Tipu destoyed many
Jacobite churches as a result many ancient Jacobite
families fled from north Kerala to Ankamaly side ,
Kottayam merged into strong dias for first time
with construction of Seminary there for all later
troubles. Essence of speech of PATRIARCH .PETER-III OF
ANTIOCH during his apostolic entourage to India in 1876 to
stem British subversion against Syrians in India "The extent
of your calamity and tragedy you know much better than
we can ever know.We went through your history and we know
the IRREPARABLE damage done to you by Portuguese. For they
pillaged your church ,plundered your antiques, burnt your
records and priceless books, leaving you orphans and
destitutes. Thus Papist had taken more than half of
your people".Portuguese supplied gold petals hidden in edible
church offering to masses. Portuguese thus separated many
Eastern Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Christians to form new
separate eastern Syrian Catholic church loyal to Pope in
India.Hence many Catholic and Jacobite families still have same
Patronymic (family name) especially in Ankamally region.When
Dutch took sea control they helped genuine Syrian Christians
loyal to East consolidate among new emerging Syrian Catholics
loyal to Pope by letting free their ships to bring Syrian
prophets from East (Turkey, Syria, Israel and Iraq ) to India
as stated by Danish historian ADRIAN V. MOINES.
Soon British missionaries started subversion against Syrian
Christians in India by sowing seeds of reformation. Protestant
practices were advocated. Fifth Anglican Metropolitan bishop
Daniel Wilson came to Kerala and presented scheme intended
to bring Syrian Christians gradually under Anglican
Church(precursor of mavellikara padiyola -1836).Relations
grew worse when Rev Joseph Peet broke into Syrian Seminary
and removed all books, documents including historic copper
plates to British Residency. (later condemned by CMS of England).
Syrians affirmed supremacy of Jacobite Patriarch of Antioch and
declared not to deviate. Some English missionaries spread
propaganda that St.Thomas did not come to India.At this
stage Patriarch Peter-III of Antioch met Queen Victoria and
asked to stop meddling with Syrian Church in India, Queen
did so but by the time seeds of reformation grew and a
new British model independent eastern Syrian Protestant
church(syrian Marthomite) was founded separating some
Syrians from original Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Christians
in India.(Jacobite- named after Jacob Baradius ,adventurous
bishop of Edessa who rejuvenated Church during Roman arrogance)
Sent by St.Peter, St.Thomas (Dydimus) the apostle was a
sculptor came to India in 52A.D, along Adanes, a merchant
of Gondophornes(king of India ) who was in Jerusalem in
search of a skillful architect. Gondophornes remained a
mythical figure until Archeological excavations at Taxila
enabled to trace line of Gondophornes to Indo-Parthian
dynasty which ruled area comprising of Afghan, Seistan,
Punjab, Sind, N. W. Frontier Province from 95B.C. to 50A.D .
St Thomas preached gospel first to Jews in India(reached
because of Diaspora) and first converts to Christianity in
India are Jews. St.Thomas was followed by Syrian bishop of
Basra(Iraq) David Episcopa which no Western historians
have recorded says historian Patriarch. Ignatius Aphrem-I of
Antioch (1946,Homs-Syria)(bishop Vayaliparambil Mor Gregorios ":
My Jerusalem Journey").
Marco Polo Venetian traveller came to Mylapore in 1292A.D .His
views are "Christians who thither on pilgrimages gather some
soil from place were saint was killed and this they take
to their countries".
That which strengthen Christianity in Kerala( India) was
immigration of Syrians from Mesopotamia to port of
Muziris 345A.D.In 823 another batch from Syria arrived
(Mor Sabrisho) beginning of new Malayalam Era known as
' KOLLA VARSHAM' with grant of royal patronage by king
Ayyan to Mor .Sabrisho The high caste Hindu predominance
can be seen in Syrian Orthodox ceremonial wedding in India
with introduction of 'mangalsuthra'(thalikettu) which is
absent in Syrian Churches in Middle East, apart from
exchange of rings.This custom was copied by all new
Syrian Churches later founded by colonial interference.
Early Syrian Bishops were scholars in Arabic, Hebrew,
Syriac, Sanskrit,Malayalam and Indian occult sciences like
astrology, palmistry and indigenous medicine. Manifestly
this FIRST genuine eastern Christian Church in India
was result of "golden handshake" between Patriarchs of
East and sages of India in bonafides as SIBLINGS of
Great Oriental Civilization Syrian bishops as well as
Namboodird Bhramins priest are addressed as 'Thirumeni
(keeping body clean along soul)" is the best example
that early local Indian population considered both
religions as siblings.Right from St .Thomas all Syrian
prophets reached India from Basra port (Iraq) via Persian
Gulf sea route .They were solitaries like lion or eagle,
came empty handed not with colonial armies yet created
greater impact than West because spirit of God guided
them .Colonial western spiritual policies were quintessence
of dishonesty ,during ' Crusade' Italian sailors stole relics
of Mor Sokha, Syrian bishop of Myra, Lycia (4th century A.D.
born-Turkey). Italians built a new church in Bari (Italy)
with relics and renamed him as St.Nicholas who later became
famous by Western marketing as "SANTA CLAUSE". But he was
a man of East. WILLIAM SOMERSET MAUGHAM accepts" Bible is
purely a book of East beyond creativity and imagery of
West, and there is nothing West can take pride of in
this wonderful book" .In 1900, at Los Angles Swami.VIVEKANANDA
said "You all often forget a vital fact that man from
Nazareth belonged to ORIENT, inspite of your efforts to
portray him in blue eyes and golden hair" .Internationally
most Syrians are those Jews who accepted Jewish carpenter
Esa Mashiha as " the root and offspring of David" .On
observation you can see tombs of Syrian prophets throughout
Jacobite or Syrian Orthodox Churches in Kerala, also names of
Keralite Syrian Christians in epitaph of Syrian Cemetery in
Jerusalem (Israel).This Oriental Consanguinity has been
acknowledged by Hon. Supreme Court of India.The Supreme Court
also recognizes H.H. Patriarch of Antioch and All the East
in SYRIA as Supreme Head of Syrian Orthodox Christians
in India.The Holy Throne Of Antioch was established by
Patriarch.St .Peter, the chief Apostle in 37AD in Antioch (Turkey)
as there was political unrest in Jerusalem after crucification
of Christ in 33AD. (disciples of Christ were first called
'Christians ' at Antioch, ACTS:11:26) .Same St.Peter then found
another Church in Rome in 67AD later known as Roman Catholic
Church. Today as independent free thinking gained momentum
there are tens of thousands of independent new testament
church assemblies in West with groups operating in India
who often consider a Syrian Christian as a non -Christian
and will speak gospel also to them in airports, railway
stations, hostels, hospitals and streets around the world.
These groups believe in Church more than that in God
that may be the reason.This article has been written
to eradicate misconception about origin of Christianity
in India and its misunderstood Western Connection as our
historians have failed to bring true facts to Indian
public under the shadow of Western drafted Indian History.
But the TRUTH is as DANIEL DEFOE says
"Whenever God erects a house of prayer
Devil always builds a chapel there
And it will be found on examination
That latter has a greater congregation".
From the desk of: BIBU PHILIP MATHEW,
Published in NET college magazine, 2000; Mangalore.
- comments for further refinement.
1. language and style.
2.distinguish between Eastern and Oriental.
3.Baselios Yeldo was Catholicose
4.Numismatic evidence connecting Gudnapher to Thomas.
5.Thomas in NW India and Thomas in the south, work in Socotra and discovery
of Trade winds and the revolutionary change in sea travel.
TOTUS TUUS MARIA
----- Original Message -----
From: BIBU PHILIP MATTHEW <bibuphilipmathew@...>
To: <rejimonskokie@...>; <ti2001in@...>;
- This Oriental Consanguinity has been
> acknowledged by Hon. Supreme Court of India.The SupremeCourt
> also recognizes H.H. Patriarch of Antioch and All the East(Turkey)
> in SYRIA as Supreme Head of Syrian Orthodox Christians
> in India.The Holy Throne Of Antioch was established by
> Patriarch.St .Peter, the chief Apostle in 37AD in Antioch
> as there was political unrest in Jerusalem aftercrucification
> of Christ in 33AD. (disciples of Christ were first calledCatholic
> 'Christians ' at Antioch, ACTS:11:26) .Same St.Peter then found
> another Church in Rome in 67AD later known as Roman
> Church.1. Kindly also mention the names of other churches and the
Apostles who founded them. For example: Churches founded by St.
Mark, St. Andrew, (and even St. Thomas if you will) etc.
2. According to most traditional teaching "Church of Anthioc"
was founded by Apostles Peter and Paul.
3. Oriental nature of a church is shown when church adopts to
the life and culture of common people of the land. Just like
Christ who spoke the language of common man, Aramaic.
What is the cultural state of Christians in India, especially
the Jacobite/ Orthodox factions? Are we going downhill culturally,
degrading also the cultural values of traditional Indians?
If so, how is this witnessing Christ and His church?
Do we have a vision about existing as an Orthodox Church in Indian
sub-continent? How the church is helping by adopting Ecumenical
liturgical traditions to the life and culture of Indian people?
Compare our siutation with the growth of Oriental church in
Ethiopia, Armenia, Egypt etc.?
4. Churches confessing same faith forms the one Church without
division. There is no division according to teachings of ancient
Church fathers, most notably St. Severus, St. Cyril etc.
So whether the church of same faith develops in the West or
in the Orient, it is the same church by nature of the confession.
So, there is no special importance to Oriental culture, since
Christ is for all civilizations. Our duty as Indian Christians
should be to be like our neighbours in good aspects of the
civilization, without acting foreign (Sheema) in culture, language
- I would like to point out that Mor Baselius Yaldo was not a
Catholicos but a Maphryono--two entirely distinct positions.
The Catholicos of the East whose seat was in Seleucia-Ctesiphon (and
later Baghdad) was the primate of the Church of the East in Persia.
Divided from the rest of Christendom in the Roman empire it did not
participate in the ecumenical Synods but accepted those of Nicaea and
Constantinople and thus the spiritual authority of the Patriarch of
Antioch until the end of the 5th century. As a church in the Persian
empire, it never was under the temporal jurisdiction of the Patriarch
of Antioch. The succession of the Catholicos continues today in the
Catholicos-Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East.
The Maphryono (lit. "one who bears fruit" or "consecrator") on the
other hand was the later title of the Syriac Orthodox metropolitan of
Tagrit on the River Tigris who was from 629 considered the local head
of the Syriac Orthodox Christians in Sassanid Persia called the
Madnehoyo--the Easterners. These Syriac Christians originated partly
from those abducted by Persians during the wars with Byzantium and
forced to settle on Persian territory as also Persian Christians who
resisted forced nestorianization and accepted the spiritual and
temporal authority of the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch (see
J.M. Fiey, CSCO Subs. 36, Louvain 1970, p. 55-65; W. Witakowski, The
Syriac Chronicle of Pseudo-Dionysius of Tel-Mahre, 1987, p. 49). Even
though elected by the eastern bishops the maphryono was ordained by
the Patriarch of Antioch and was subordinate to the Patriarch. From
793 starting with Maphryono Sarbelios they were not elected but
nominated by the Patriarch of Antioch. The seat of the Maphryono was
Dayro d-Mor Matay, but in later centuries the Maphryono resided with
the Patriarch in the Kurkmo monastery in Mardin. It was at the Dayro
d-Mor Matay that Mor Baselius Yaldo abdicated his position and set
out to India. The last of the Maphryonos passed away in 1848.
For the Christians in Persia, the position of Catholicos and
Maphryono were distinct. For instance, Bar `Ebroyo was well known as
a Maphryono of the East while his equally learned contemporary
Timothy was well known as Catholicos.
The title of Catholicos came to be identified with that of the
Maphryono only in Malankara and that after the Catholicate
was "transferred" to Malankara in 1912 by the hands of an expelled
Patriarch of Antioch. If he established a new position of Catholicos
for Malankara that would have been one thing, but the claim was that
the Catholicate of Tagrit was transferred to Kerala (apparently to
bestow historical authenticity to the position; we find the same
claim repeated by none other than the current Catholicos recently).
The fact is that there never was a Catholicate of Tagrit and at best
the office of the Maphryono could have been transferred. But HG
Vattasseril Mar Dionysius was adamant that the position be called the
Catholicos and not the Maphryono as evident in his dialogue with
Patriarch Mor Elias III at Thrikkunathu Seminary after HH arrived in
Malankara in the early 1930s. The Patriarch offered to confer the
position of Maphryono to establish peace but Mar Dionysius rejected
the offer. On the one hand, the attempt was to establish the
independence of the Catholicos from the Patriarch but at the same
time not identify with the Catholicate of the Church of the East
whose confession of faith is incompatible with that of the Oriental
I would hope that St. Baselius Yaldo is properly referred to by his
title Maphryono and not Catholicos.
Thomas Joseph, Ph.D.
Web Master, SOR (http://sor.cua.edu)
Technical Editor, Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies
--- In SOCM-FORUM@y..., "DANIEL BABU PAUL" <dbabupaul@s...> wrote:
> comments for further refinement.
> 1. language and style.
> 2.distinguish between Eastern and Oriental.
> 3.Baselios Yeldo was Catholicose
> 4.Numismatic evidence connecting Gudnapher to Thomas.
> 5.Thomas in NW India and Thomas in the south, work in Socotra and
> of Trade winds and the revolutionary change in sea travel.
> TOTUS TUUS MARIA
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: BIBU PHILIP MATTHEW <bibuphilipmathew@e...>
> To: <rejimonskokie@y...>; <ti2001in@y...>;
> <tomchandy@y...>; <
- Dear Sir,
I request few answers from the learned members of our forum.
1.What made early converts in India to change their name?.They could have
old names.Their hardly any Indian (showing our culturaal roots) name used by
Is it due to the fact early christians were of jewish settlers in Kerala
for whose sake St.Thomas came.?Our earlier names are
Kurian etc are different from Hindu names.
2.How come we used be called by the nick name Nazarani?
The followers of man from Nazreth was known to Jews not Indinas.That may be
due to the fact
that converted jews and non converted jews existed at one time in abundance.
3.Our Vadken pattukal,which describes much about great warriors of northern
has no mention of christians.But it mentions Muslims?(If I am am correct it
Jonomars-who are muslims ).That may be due the fact below todays Palakkad
only(rather cochin and around
where jewish traders were there) christians existed.
4.Few historians believe that Nairs were orginally Assirians,who were also
Jews and later Arabs settled in Kerala coast later.
5.Our Kerala history shows predominance of Tamil Bramins. Malayalam bramins
to prominance much later.Hence there was not much to blieve Nambudiris were
the custodians of Hinduism those days..
6.Use of cross among christians came later.When Thomas left Syria he could
have brought a cross in the same sense we see cross today-as a symbol of
christinanity.But we have cross
in use atleast 1500 years(our old churches are atleast 1500 years ,as
What is so pure Indian about all these things.??
Our earlier names are s----- Original Message -----
From: "thomas_pa1" <thomas_pa1@...>
Sent: Wednesday, March 06, 2002 11:28 PM
Subject: [SOCM-FORUM] Re: Fwd: Article- Oriental Consanguinity (History)
> 1. Kindly also mention the names of other churches and the
> Apostles who founded them. For example: Churches founded by St.
> Mark, St. Andrew, (and even St. Thomas if you will) etc.
> 2. According to most traditional teaching "Church of Anthioc"
> was founded by Apostles Peter and Paul.
> 3. Oriental nature of a church is shown when church adopts to
> the life and culture of common people of the land. Just like
> Christ who spoke the language of common man, Aramaic.
> What is the cultural state of Christians in India, especially
> the Jacobite/ Orthodox factions?
- --- In SOCM-FORUM@y..., "V Thomas" <vthomas@t...> wrote:
> Dear Sir,have
> I request few answers from the learned members of our forum.
> 1.What made early converts in India to change their name?.They could
> kept theirused by
> old names.Their hardly any Indian (showing our culturaal roots) name
> Is it due to the fact early christians were of jewish settlers in
> for whose sake St.Thomas came.?Our earlier names areNames of old mothers in the Malnakara church like "Achaamma",
> Kurian etc are different from Hindu names.
"Chinnamma", "Thankamma", ... are purely Indian names. So,
from ancient times our community followed Indian (Hidhu) culture
in everything. Our churches resembled Hindhu temples.
Now, why do we want to divide this community into two groups
and declare that one community is purely Syrian/middle-eastern
and is mutually exclusive of the other lesser Indian one, when
we have close blood relatives in each faction? Isn't this rather
cruel? Why do we want to convert a great civilization in to Arabic
style of fanaticism and culture?