Dear Eldo Daniel,
I am not an expert on Church History. Having said that,
the following is what I know about your two questions:
1. The very first split between Bava Kakshi and Metran
Kakshi occured in the year 1910. It was in this year
when the then Malankara Metrapolitain Mor Dionysius VI
Geevarghese (Wattasseril Thirumeni) was excommunicated
by Patriarch Mor Ignatius Abdulla II, the same Patriach
who ordained Wattasseril Thirumeni as a Metrapolitain
just 3 years before. A section of the Malankara Church
sided with the excommunicated Wattesseril Metran and
came to be known as Metran Kakshi. Those who stood with
the Patraichese Bava came to be known as Bava Kakshi.
Following the excommunication of Wattesseril Thirumeni,
the Patriarch appointed HG Paulose Mor Kurillos
(Kochuparambil Thirumeni) as the Malankara Metropolitain.
Following the demise of Kochuparambil Paulose Mar Kurilose
Thirumeni in 1917, HG Paulose Mar Athanasious (Aluva Valia
Thirumeni) became the Malankara Metropolitain.
The Year 1934
The year 1934, that you have quoted also is a significant
year in Malankara Church history. In this year Wattesseril
Thirumeni summonned a Malankara Association. Since he was
excommunicated by the Patriarch, the Bava Kakshi boycotted
this association summonned by him. It was in this association,
the 'Constitution' of the Indian Orthodox Church' was adopted,
in the absence of any 'Bava Kakshi' members.
2 ) Prior to the split everyone accepted the spiritual
authority of the Patriarch. The cause of the split was never
over the spiritual authority of the Patriarch. The dispute over
the 'spiritual authority' of the Patriarch of Antioch is a very
recent one. It is note worthy to say that even "Wattesseril
Thirumeni" never questioned the spiritual authority of the
Patriarch. Even the 1934 "Constitution" clearly says in its
first paragraph that the "Malankara Church" is a part of Syrian
Orthodox Church and is headed by the Patriarch of Antioch.
The argument, that with the establishment of the 'Catholicate'
the spiritual authority of the Patriarch has decreased to a
vanishing point, a very recent one, only as old as a couple
In the book 'Mathopadesa sarangal' authored by Wattesseril
Thirumeni, in item # 6 he says "the source of priesthood in
the church is from His Holiness Patriarch Moran Mar Ignatiuis,
who reigns on the Throne of Antioch". The above is my
translation. The original words of Wattesseril Thirumeni in
malayalam reads as "Sabhayude pattathwathinadutha meladhikaram
Antiochia simhasanathil vazhunna Moran Mar Ignatiuis
Patriarchese Bawa thirumassil erikkunnu". It is altogether
another story that in the recent editions of this book, it
has been modified by the publishers as "Sabhayude
pattathwathinadutha meladhikaram Catholica simhasanathil vazhunna
Moran Mar Baselius Catholica Bawa thirumassil erikkunnu".
Mathew G M