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MOR GEEVARGHESE SAHDO

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  • John Philip
    MOR GEEVARGHESE SAHDO (from the SOR web site) Mor Gewargis Sahdo (St. George the Martyr) is indeed a universal Saint whose feast is observed in the East and
    Message 1 of 1 , May 2, 2003
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      MOR GEEVARGHESE SAHDO (from the SOR web site)
      Mor Gewargis Sahdo (St. George the Martyr) is indeed a universal
      Saint whose feast is observed in the East and the West. Very
      little is known of his life and martyrdom. His historical
      existence, though sometimes disputed, is now generally accepted by
      scholarship.

      He came from a Cappadocian family and served in the army of the
      King of the Persians, Dadianus. He was persecuted by the King for
      confessing faith in Christ and refusing to worship idols. He was
      subject to horrendous tortures and attained martyrdom. Before his
      death, Mor Gewargis is believed to have effected many miracles and
      converted Alexandria, the wife of Dadianus (who was also put to
      death). Centuries of embellishments to the narrative of his life
      and martyrdom have made the task of recovering the historical St.
      George rather arduous. The earliest reference to him belongs to
      the fourth century and by the sixth century there was an important
      pilgrimage shrine dedicated to the saint at Lydda (in Palestine).
      A very large number of Syriac Orthodox Churches in the Middle
      East, Malankara, and all over the world are dedicated to the
      memory of this saint.

      The Acts of St. George (i.e., the story of his life) was first
      written in Greek in the early fifth century. This early text
      exists today only in fragments. The text was translated into
      Syriac in the middle of the fifth century, only a few decades
      after the original Greek was composed. The oldest Syriac
      manuscript of the Acts, preserved at the British Library, was
      written around 600 A.D. This makes the Syriac version the earliest
      complete witness to the text.

      Most people associate St. George with the dragon. The dragon,
      however, does not appear in early versions of the Acts, including
      the Syriac mentioned above. Originally, the word 'dragon' was just
      an epithet used of King Dadianus who is mentioned in the text.
      Thus, the Syriac version calls the king the "asp-serpent
      Dadianus." The text developed in later centuries (a usual
      phenomenon in hagiographic texts) and the dragon appeared in texts
      belonging to the twelfth century and later. In the old Syriac icon
      shown in the SOR web site, St. George is slaying a large snake,
      rather than a huge dragon that we are accustomed to.
      Link: - http://sor.cua.edu/Personage/Qadishe/MGewargis.html .

      The feast of St.George is celebrated in the Syrian Orthodox
      churches on 23rd April and in the Syrian Orthodox Church in East
      (present iraq) it is on 24th. But in the Syrian Churches of
      Malankara, the celebrations are mostly in the month of May.

      The most famous of the St.George's churches in Kerala are the
      Churches at Edappally and Edathua (both Roman Catholic),
      Karingachira Church, Puthupally Church etc. Here is enclosed the
      links to some of the famous St.George Syrian Orthodox churches in
      Malankara.

      1. Karingachira Church :-
      http://sor.cua.edu/ChMon/Cochin/KaringachiraSGeorge.html (est. 722
      AD)

      2. Kallumkathra Church:-
      http://syriacchristianity.com/kallumkathra/kallumkatra.htm

      3. Arakunnam Church:- http://www.arakunnamstgeorgechurch.org/

      4. Perumpally Church:-
      http://sor.cua.edu/ChMon/Simhasana/PerumpillySGeorge.html

      5. Nedumbasserry Church:-
      http://sor.cua.edu/ChMon/Ankamaly/NedumbasserySGeorge.html

      6. Cheppaud Church :-
      http://groups.msn.com/StGeorgeSyrianOrthodoxChurchCheppaud/_homepage.msnw?pgmarket=en-us

      7. Malecuriz Dayro:-
      http://sor.cua.edu/ChMon/Simhasana/MalekurishuSGeorge.html
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