MOR GEEVARGHESE SAHDO
- MOR GEEVARGHESE SAHDO (from the SOR web site)
Mor Gewargis Sahdo (St. George the Martyr) is indeed a universal
Saint whose feast is observed in the East and the West. Very
little is known of his life and martyrdom. His historical
existence, though sometimes disputed, is now generally accepted by
He came from a Cappadocian family and served in the army of the
King of the Persians, Dadianus. He was persecuted by the King for
confessing faith in Christ and refusing to worship idols. He was
subject to horrendous tortures and attained martyrdom. Before his
death, Mor Gewargis is believed to have effected many miracles and
converted Alexandria, the wife of Dadianus (who was also put to
death). Centuries of embellishments to the narrative of his life
and martyrdom have made the task of recovering the historical St.
George rather arduous. The earliest reference to him belongs to
the fourth century and by the sixth century there was an important
pilgrimage shrine dedicated to the saint at Lydda (in Palestine).
A very large number of Syriac Orthodox Churches in the Middle
East, Malankara, and all over the world are dedicated to the
memory of this saint.
The Acts of St. George (i.e., the story of his life) was first
written in Greek in the early fifth century. This early text
exists today only in fragments. The text was translated into
Syriac in the middle of the fifth century, only a few decades
after the original Greek was composed. The oldest Syriac
manuscript of the Acts, preserved at the British Library, was
written around 600 A.D. This makes the Syriac version the earliest
complete witness to the text.
Most people associate St. George with the dragon. The dragon,
however, does not appear in early versions of the Acts, including
the Syriac mentioned above. Originally, the word 'dragon' was just
an epithet used of King Dadianus who is mentioned in the text.
Thus, the Syriac version calls the king the "asp-serpent
Dadianus." The text developed in later centuries (a usual
phenomenon in hagiographic texts) and the dragon appeared in texts
belonging to the twelfth century and later. In the old Syriac icon
shown in the SOR web site, St. George is slaying a large snake,
rather than a huge dragon that we are accustomed to.
Link: - http://sor.cua.edu/Personage/Qadishe/MGewargis.html .
The feast of St.George is celebrated in the Syrian Orthodox
churches on 23rd April and in the Syrian Orthodox Church in East
(present iraq) it is on 24th. But in the Syrian Churches of
Malankara, the celebrations are mostly in the month of May.
The most famous of the St.George's churches in Kerala are the
Churches at Edappally and Edathua (both Roman Catholic),
Karingachira Church, Puthupally Church etc. Here is enclosed the
links to some of the famous St.George Syrian Orthodox churches in
1. Karingachira Church :-
http://sor.cua.edu/ChMon/Cochin/KaringachiraSGeorge.html (est. 722
2. Kallumkathra Church:-
3. Arakunnam Church:- http://www.arakunnamstgeorgechurch.org/
4. Perumpally Church:-
5. Nedumbasserry Church:-
6. Cheppaud Church :-
7. Malecuriz Dayro:-