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The History of the 3 Days lent in our Church

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  • Rev. Fr.Dr.Biji Chirathilattu
    The History of the 3 Days lent in our Church Bar Ebroyo narrates the history of this fast as follows in his Eccleciastical History: The people in the East
    Message 1 of 3 , Feb 1, 2009
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      The History of the 3 Days lent in our Church

      Bar Ebroyo narrates the history of this fast as follows in his
      Eccleciastical History: "The people in the East began the fast, which
      is being observed three days after the Epiphany, in this time (i.e.
      the time of Catholicos Hananeshu, who became the Catholicos in
      A.D.686). When Abdul Malik the son of Morwon heard of the beauty of
      the women in Hirto, he asked the Governor there to send all the
      virgins to him. As this command came, the governor started to gather
      all the virgins. Then all the Christians came together in the church,
      and prayed and fasted. They prostrated before the Lord and appealed
      Him to save them from this punishment. On the third day when their
      Bishop John was reading the gospel he got a revelation about the
      death of Abdul Malik, and he revealed it to the people. After some
      days, this news was confirmed. It is said that, from this time
      onwards the believers observe this fast. But some others say that
      this fast was begun in the East when the king Quzra Abroose prepared
      to rape the virgins." Cf. Chronicon Ecclesiasticum III, cols. 139-
      141. (Abbeloos, J. B. and Lamy, T. J. (ed. and transl.): Gregorii Bar-
      Hebraei Chronicon Ecclesiasticum, I-III, Paris-Louvain, 1872-1877.)

      Translating from the famous book "Bibliotheka Orientalis" by Assemani
      (ASSEMANI, J. S.: Bibliotheca Orientalis Clementino-Vaticana I, De
      scriptoribus Syris Orthodoxis, Rome, 1719 / reprint Hildesheim-New
      York 1975; II, De scriptoribus Syris monophysitis, Rome, 1721/
      reprint Hildesheim-New York, 1975) Fr. Chediath gives the following
      versions also in his translation of Bar Ebroyo's "Sabhacharithram"
      (pp.248-251)

      A lot of people died in the village of Beth Garme because of a fast
      spreading infectious disease. The Bishop of that diocese Mor
      Sabarisho summoned the people for a public prayer. He said them " The
      most virtuous God has showed mercy to the people of Nineveh and
      withdrew from the intended punishment according to the words of
      prophet Jonah. How much more will He show mercy to us, who believe in
      Him, His Messiah, and in His Holy Spirit?. And the people obeyed him.
      They came together and supplicated to God intensively. All, including
      the infants, have worn sack clothes. And God has removed the
      infectious disease for them. As the East Syrian Catholicose Thimothi
      (he died in AD 819) took charge as catholicose, he ordered these 3
      days prayer and fast to be continued annually. And this Lent should
      be known as the lent of Anger and not as the lent of Nineveh.

      With Love and Prayers
      Fr.Dr.Biji Chirathilattu
    • Rev. Fr.Dr.Biji Chirathilattu
      Bar Ebroyo narrates the history of this fast as follows in his Eccleciastical History: The people in the East began the fast, which is being observed three
      Message 2 of 3 , Jan 24, 2010
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        Bar Ebroyo narrates the history of this fast as follows in his Eccleciastical History: "The people in the East began the fast, which is being observed three days after the Epiphany, in this time (i.e. the time of Catholicos Hananeshu, who became the Catholicos in A.D.686). When Abdul Malik the son of Morwon heard of the beauty of the women in Hirto, he asked the Governor there to send all the virgins to him. As this command came, the governor started to gather all the virgins. Then all the Christians came together in the church, and prayed and fasted. They prostrated before the Lord and appealed Him to save them from this punishment. On the third day when their Bishop John was reading the gospel he got a revelation about the death of Abdul Malik, and he revealed it to the people. After some days, this news was confirmed. It is said that, from this time onwards the believers observe this fast. But some others say that this
        fastwas begun in the East when the king Quzra Abroose prepared to rape the virgins." Cf. Chronicon Ecclesiasticum III, cols. 139-141. (Abbeloos, J. B. and Lamy, T. J. (ed. and transl.): Gregorii Bar-Hebraei Chronicon Ecclesiasticum, I-III, Paris-Louvain, 1872-1877.)

        Translating from the famous book "Bibliotheka Orientalis" by Assemani (ASSEMANI, J. S.: Bibliotheca Orientalis Clementino-Vaticana I, De scriptoribus Syris Orthodoxis, Rome, 1719 / reprint Hildesheim-New York 1975; II, De scriptoribus Syris monophysitis, Rome, 1721/ reprint Hildesheim-New York, 1975) Fr. Chediathgives the following versions also in his translation of Bar Ebroyo's"Sabhacharithram" (pp.248-251)

        A lot of people died in the village of Beth Garme because of a fast spreading infectious disease. The Bishop of that diocese Mor Sabarisho summoned the people for a public prayer. He said them " The most virtuous God has showed mercy to the people of Nineveh and withdrew from the intended punishment according to the words of prophet Jonah. How much more will He show mercy to us, who believe in
        Him, His Messiah, and in His Holy Spirit?. And the people obeyed him. They came together and supplicated to God intensively. All, including the infants, have worn sack clothes. And God has removed the infectious disease for them. As theEast Syrian Catholicose Thimothi (he died in AD 819) took charge as catholicose, he ordered these 3 days prayer and fast to be continued annually. And this Lent should be known as the lent of Anger and not as the lent of Nineveh.

        With Love and Prayers
        Fr.Dr.Biji Chirathilattu
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