Henry Morgenthau was United States ambassador to Ottoman Turkey
between 1913 and 1916. In his book 'Henry Morgenthau's story' we read
about the Genocide of the Christians of the Ottoman Empire, including
Arameans who are mentioned by the synonym Syrians.
"And now the Young Turks, who had adopted so many of Abdul Hamid's
ideas, also made his Armenian policy their own. Their passion for
Turkifying the nation seemed to demand logically the extermination of
all Christians---Greeks, Syrians (= Arameans), and Armenians. .......
They would destroy all Greeks, Syrians (= Arameasn), Armenians, and
other Christians, move Moslem families into their homes and into
their farms, and so make sure that these territories would not
similarly be taken away from Turkey.
He had been a thorn in the side of Talaat and Enver for some time,
and they were perfectly content that he should exercise his imperious
and stubborn nature against the Syrians (= Arameans), Armenians, and
other non-Moslem elements in the Mediterranean provinces.
The Armenians are not the only subject people in Turkey which have
suffered from this policy of making Turkey exclusively the country of
the Turks. The story which I have told about the Armenians I could
also tell with certain modifications about the Greeks and the Syrians
(=Arameans). ...... it was probably for the reason that the civilized
world did not protest against these deportations that the Turks
afterward decided to apply the same methods on a larger scale not
only to the Greeks but to the Armenians, Syrians (= Arameans),
Nestorians (= Arameans), and others of its subject peoples.
Morgenthau mentions three nations who were exterminated by the Turks,
namely: Armenians, Greeks, Syrians and Nestorians.
"Syrians" is synonym for Arameans. The Arameans of the Old Testament
are called Syrians in the New Testament. More about:
"Nestorians" is unfortunately heretic name applied to the East-
Syrians or East- Arameans.
East- West- Arameans has to do with the geography at the beginning of
the Christianity. Roughly speaking, river the Euphrates was de
border. The Arameans living Eastern of Euphrates, the Persian Empire,
were called "East- Arameans" or "East- Syrians"; thus Nestorians who
later became known as "Chaldeans" (1552) and again later
as "Assyrians" (19th century).
The Arameans living Western of Euphrates, the Roman Empire, were
called "West- Arameans" or "West- Syrians" or in short
just "Syrians". And sometimes both the East- as well and the West-
Arameans are called "Syrians"; if not specifically indicated!
Eyewitness report and scientific analyses
The Aramean genocide is partly recorded by eyewitnesses Mr. Abdel
Messih Numan Karabasi in a book, who was during the genocide of 1915
a student Syriac (Aramaic) in our monastery Zahfaran in the city of
Mardin in south-east of Turkey.
This book recently has been translated into German and Dutch. In his
report, he describes the killings and ethnic cleansing of the
villages in the neighbourhood of the city of Mardin carried out by
the Turkish army in cooperation with the Kurds during the mass
killings of 1915-1918.
The second book concerning the Aramean genocide is a scientific
analyses from the hand of Sebastien de Courtios treating the Aramean
Genocid of 1895-1915-1918, entitled,, The Forgotten Genocide:
Eastern Christians, The Last Aramaeans"
The third book concerning the Aramean genocide is from the hand of
archpriest Sleman Henno published in 1977. The book is based on the
story of survivors of the genocide of 1915-1918. Recently the book
has been translated into German and Dutch. The English translation is
still in process.
Blood shed; By: Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi
The book is available in Aramaic, Turkish, German and Dutch at the
St. Aphrem the Syrian Monastery in the Netherlands.
The Forgotten Genocide: Eastern Christians, The Last Aramaeans, By
Sebastien de Courtois
"The persecution and extermination of the Syro- Arameans in Tur Abdin
in 1915" is from the hand of archpriest Sleman Henno.
The book is available in Aramaic, German, Dutch and the English
translation is in process.
To give you a impression about these cruelties, carried out by
Turks and Kurds against the defenseless and innocent Aramean people,
here below a few quotes will be presented to you.
------The Aramean Genocide of 1895-1896-----
Sebastien de Courtois
Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi
1. Page. 105 of the book
They (=Muslims) had divided themselves into groups and proceeded
systematically house by house, taking good care not to touch the
Muslims' homes. They kicked in the doors, looted everything, and if
the people were home, they slit their throats. They killed everyone
they could find, men, women, and children; the girls were kidnapped.
Almost all city's Muslims, soldiers, zaptiyes and the Kurds, took
part in the horrible butchery (Page 105, Report #18, December 18,
2. Page. 109 of the book
Acts of unbelievable cruelty were committed. "A father had his five
children's throats slit in his lap, and then he met same fate " (Page
109, Report #18, December 18, 1895)
3. Page. 113 of the book
The village of Qarabash, to the east of Diyarbekir, was inhabited
entirely by Syrians (= Arameans) and was destroyed. A Syrian Orthodox
priest watched his daughters raped before his eyes, and then their
throats were slit. Left alive, he went insane (page 113).
4. Page. 113 of the book
The villages of Kabia, Jarukia, Kan Akbwar, Arz ogli, Kazam, Olan,
Kadia, Satia, Safia and Masbrakia all met the same fate .. the Kurds
and the Turks slit the inhabitants throats and erased them from the
map (Page 113)
1. Page. 39/40 of the book
Disaster and persecutions where the Christians of Amid and the
surrounding villages in 1985 were exposed to.
Between the books of priest Paulus- the son of priest Abdul Ahad of
the family Qascho Lahdo-, the priest of the village of Qarabasch, I
found a flyer, on which the persecutions of 1895 were described by
the pen of priest Abdul Ahad, one of those who were persecuted during
the horrible ordeals where the Christians of the city Amid, Edessa,
krotfrot, Sibabrak, Militini, Sasun and other villages in their
surroundings were exposed to.
... ... At the beginning of November 1895 the bloodthirsty and full
of hatred envy Muslim leaders in Amid, started a persecution against
the Christians, which was led by Gamil Pascha, Bahram Pascha and
other tyrants. They called for the Kurds, to be ready to attack the
Christians and kill them; they were promised, that they would get
weapons when they would arrive in Amid........
2. The village Qarabasch (Page. 42/43 of the book)
...... On the first Friday in November, the Kurds entered the village
and killed and robed the inhabitants for two days long. The greater
part of them escaped to the Pigeontower eastern of the city. The
Kurds attacked the fortress and destroyed it above on the Syrians who
underneath were buried. Those who tried to escape were killed by the
Kurds in front of the gate of the fortress: not a single person could
escape.... the daughter of priest Hanna, who was married and was
carrying her Child Zacharias on her flee when a Kurd stabbed her with
his sword in her back in such a way that the sword through her belly
hit the child: both of them died......
3. The village Alibar (Page. 43/44 of the book)
The leaders of the Muslims told them nasty: 'Come, we will bring you
to Amid and save you from events which are to us as neighbors
outrageous.' And when the Muslims had gathered them and were brought
outside the city, they killed all of them; subsequently they went
back to the village and possessed their properties.
Click here for more quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1895-1896 from
the book of Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi and Sebastien de Courtios
-Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918 committed by the Turks and Koerds-
Sebastien de Courtois
Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi
1. Page. 162/163 of the book
From March to November 1915, an immense red line the colour of blood
streaked the sky of Turkey. Monstrous deeds were occurring, nameless,
indefinable, as the young Ottoman land decimated, or rather
annihilated its own sons with its own hands-most of them serving in
its army-evicted them from their homes, raped their daughters,
kidnapped their wives, scattered their families, torched their
villages, deporting the survivors, burning the dead.
Reader, may God permit the present work to reach its goal, which is
to report and to glorify! My ambition (is it too pretentious?) would
be for it to become an account and an epic. As an account, it will
speak of the abominable events that took place in a corner of Turkey;
it will tell of the extremes to which a country that has not shed its
savage instincts can go, and by what barbarous finesse that same
country, in the twentieth century, has delighted in covering
unspeakable acts behind an respectable face, or rather behind a
grimace of respectability.
The shame of seeing the property of God and of individuals stolen in
the light of day and auctioned off. The shame of seeing deep wells
filled to the top with corpses, such as the wells of Dara [Oguz], of
Dakikiye, etc. The shame of seeing wide Christian lands emptied of
their inhabitants. The shame of seeing whole valleys covered with
victims, their throats slit, their stomachs disembowelled, such as
the valley of the Lice district to the northwest of Diyarbakir (Page
161/162, H. Simon).
2. Page. 167 of the book
They were accompanied by Memduh Bey, by his aide de-camp, and by a
crowd of Turkish army rabble. On the way, the soldiers were ordered
to kill 70 of them between Encrai and Set Anna [ villages along the
road to Diyarbakir]. The 400 that were left were divided into two
groups in front of the Zirzewan citadel, and some of the Kurdish
soldiers beat them to death. Finally, near Diyarbakir on the black
bridge, the survivors, including Mgr. Malovan, were in turn executed
by firing squad after their cruel martyrdom (Page 167 RAHMANI report,
3. Page. 177 of the book
In Diyarbakir, much of the population has been massacred or has died
after their deportation, which was executed with the greatest
cruelty, not to mention their devastated and looted properties and
belongings. It is to be noted that many have also embraced Islam, by
fear, to save their lives, or by constraint, others are still held as
slaves by their aggressors.' (Page 177, G. Habra)
1. (C. The Ka`biye Page. 86/87/88/89/90/91)
On 1st of April 1915 the government ordered strictly that Christians
had to deliver all kind of weapons. Because of that, three captains
of the army left Amid on 10th of April and went to the city of
Ka'biye. They were captain Sidqi, the son of Biringi, Jahja, the son
of Jassin and Tharwat, the son of Othman. They got at their disposal
50 soldiers of the 50th army regiment. ..
Oh! Tyranny which lacks mercy. And I cannot speak about the
deprivations and the dishonouring of the virgin and honourable women
by the (Turkish) soldiers. Deeds which thrashes the face of the
On 20th of April (1915), at 5 o'clock in the evening, Kurds of
different tribes attacked the village of Ka'biye. .They brought
the prisoners to the road in the direction of Igil, to the top of a
hill, from where one could see the Euphrates: there they were
undressed, killed and thrown down into the Euphrates And in the
first night watch, they set the bodies of the poor martyrs (killed
Christians) on fire to warm themselves up till the next
morning ..Because in the village there were only women and children
left, the Kurds came back and took every women they wished to take .
(page 89) . the men were set apart from the women, and before
the eyes of everybody they aimed the pistols on them and shot them
dead, and the dead bodies of the victims fell down like sheep on the
ground. After this, the Kurdish groups appeared like wild animals,
armed with deadly weapons such as axes, hooks, swords,
daggers, sticks and sickles. Oh, what bitter, sadness it is, which
cannot be solaced, to see how the babies at the breast of their
mothers were snatched and their blood was mixed with milk, how the
mothers were raped before the eyes of everybody, and that there was
nobody who could prevent or put a stop to that. (Page 90) ..
2. (C. The wildness of the criminals (Page 132))
One of the soldiers of the 50th army told us: when a group of
persecuted Christians were on the way to be killed, a woman, the
mother of a little boy of two years, said to a soldier' I know that I
am going to be killed, here is my son, take him with you and adopt
him, here have a tree golddinar to take care fore him'. The soldier
took the golddinar and put it in his pocket; after that he took the
child away and smashed it against a rock before him, so that he died
immediately before the eyes of the mother.
Archpriest Sleman Henno
1. Page. 32 of the book
Dear reader, I have explained to you the reasons for the mass
killings, and the way they were carried out. Come with me to visit
all the regions where the mass killings took place, to see what these
two peoples, the Turks and Kurds who are notorious because of their
horror, maliciousness and lack of compassion-, the massacres they
have caused and innocent blood they have shed. These areas of
Anatolia till the borders of Ottoman Empire, thus till to Persia and
Russia, were inhabited by many Christens. We will encounter tragedies
and bloodshed which has no equal. From the Creation of the world
until know; no body have seen such a thing: Children, women's and
elders were stabbed to death and infants were taken from the womb of
their mother and smashed against the walls. What a horrible
unbearable fate. Something like this even was not managed by the
godless Djengis Khan neither by the Ta- Mongolian Hüläga and Timur
Lenk. Even in the times of heathenism is about such a thing never noticed. Not a tong, not a pen can describe such a thing. The tears wells out of our eyes and stream over the cheeks. Complete cities were robbed of Christians as if there never any Christian have had lived. In many villages, there was even nothing left which could be remembered to the Christians.
Click here for more quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918 from
the book of Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi, Sebastien de Courtios and
More quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918-------
Sebastien de Courtois
More from Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi:
Dr. Sinu P. John