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Forgotten History

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  • Dr. Sinu Punnasseril John
    Source: http://www.aramnahrin.org/English/ArameanPhysicalGenocide.htm ...................................................................... Henry Morgenthau
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 28, 2009
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      Henry Morgenthau was United States ambassador to Ottoman Turkey
      between 1913 and 1916. In his book 'Henry Morgenthau's story' we read
      about the Genocide of the Christians of the Ottoman Empire, including
      Arameans who are mentioned by the synonym Syrians.

      "And now the Young Turks, who had adopted so many of Abdul Hamid's
      ideas, also made his Armenian policy their own. Their passion for
      Turkifying the nation seemed to demand logically the extermination of
      all Christians---Greeks, Syrians (= Arameans), and Armenians. .......
      They would destroy all Greeks, Syrians (= Arameasn), Armenians, and
      other Christians, move Moslem families into their homes and into
      their farms, and so make sure that these territories would not
      similarly be taken away from Turkey.

      He had been a thorn in the side of Talaat and Enver for some time,
      and they were perfectly content that he should exercise his imperious
      and stubborn nature against the Syrians (= Arameans), Armenians, and
      other non-Moslem elements in the Mediterranean provinces.

      The Armenians are not the only subject people in Turkey which have
      suffered from this policy of making Turkey exclusively the country of
      the Turks. The story which I have told about the Armenians I could
      also tell with certain modifications about the Greeks and the Syrians
      (=Arameans). ...... it was probably for the reason that the civilized
      world did not protest against these deportations that the Turks
      afterward decided to apply the same methods on a larger scale not
      only to the Greeks but to the Armenians, Syrians (= Arameans),
      Nestorians (= Arameans), and others of its subject peoples.
      Morgenthau mentions three nations who were exterminated by the Turks,
      namely: Armenians, Greeks, Syrians and Nestorians.

      "Syrians" is synonym for Arameans. The Arameans of the Old Testament
      are called Syrians in the New Testament. More about:
      "Nestorians" is unfortunately heretic name applied to the East-
      Syrians or East- Arameans.

      East- West- Arameans has to do with the geography at the beginning of
      the Christianity. Roughly speaking, river the Euphrates was de
      border. The Arameans living Eastern of Euphrates, the Persian Empire,
      were called "East- Arameans" or "East- Syrians"; thus Nestorians who
      later became known as "Chaldeans" (1552) and again later
      as "Assyrians" (19th century).

      The Arameans living Western of Euphrates, the Roman Empire, were
      called "West- Arameans" or "West- Syrians" or in short
      just "Syrians". And sometimes both the East- as well and the West-
      Arameans are called "Syrians"; if not specifically indicated!

      Eyewitness report and scientific analyses
      The Aramean genocide is partly recorded by eyewitnesses Mr. Abdel
      Messih Numan Karabasi in a book, who was during the genocide of 1915
      a student Syriac (Aramaic) in our monastery Zahfaran in the city of
      Mardin in south-east of Turkey.

      This book recently has been translated into German and Dutch. In his
      report, he describes the killings and ethnic cleansing of the
      villages in the neighbourhood of the city of Mardin carried out by
      the Turkish army in cooperation with the Kurds during the mass
      killings of 1915-1918.

      The second book concerning the Aramean genocide is a scientific
      analyses from the hand of Sebastien de Courtios treating the Aramean
      Genocid of 1895-1915-1918, entitled,, The Forgotten Genocide:
      Eastern Christians, The Last Aramaeans"

      The third book concerning the Aramean genocide is from the hand of
      archpriest Sleman Henno published in 1977. The book is based on the
      story of survivors of the genocide of 1915-1918. Recently the book
      has been translated into German and Dutch. The English translation is
      still in process.

      Blood shed; By: Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi
      The book is available in Aramaic, Turkish, German and Dutch at the
      St. Aphrem the Syrian Monastery in the Netherlands.

      The Forgotten Genocide: Eastern Christians, The Last Aramaeans, By
      Sebastien de Courtois

      "The persecution and extermination of the Syro- Arameans in Tur Abdin
      in 1915" is from the hand of archpriest Sleman Henno.

      The book is available in Aramaic, German, Dutch and the English
      translation is in process.

      To give you a impression about these cruelties, carried out by
      Turks and Kurds against the defenseless and innocent Aramean people,
      here below a few quotes will be presented to you.

      ------The Aramean Genocide of 1895-1896-----
      Sebastien de Courtois
      Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi
      1. Page. 105 of the book
      They (=Muslims) had divided themselves into groups and proceeded
      systematically house by house, taking good care not to touch the
      Muslims' homes. They kicked in the doors, looted everything, and if
      the people were home, they slit their throats. They killed everyone
      they could find, men, women, and children; the girls were kidnapped.
      Almost all city's Muslims, soldiers, zaptiyes and the Kurds, took
      part in the horrible butchery (Page 105, Report #18, December 18,

      2. Page. 109 of the book
      Acts of unbelievable cruelty were committed. "A father had his five
      children's throats slit in his lap, and then he met same fate " (Page
      109, Report #18, December 18, 1895)

      3. Page. 113 of the book
      The village of Qarabash, to the east of Diyarbekir, was inhabited
      entirely by Syrians (= Arameans) and was destroyed. A Syrian Orthodox
      priest watched his daughters raped before his eyes, and then their
      throats were slit. Left alive, he went insane (page 113).

      4. Page. 113 of the book
      The villages of Kabia, Jarukia, Kan Akbwar, Arz ogli, Kazam, Olan,
      Kadia, Satia, Safia and Masbrakia all met the same fate….. the Kurds
      and the Turks slit the inhabitants throats and erased them from the
      map (Page 113)

      1. Page. 39/40 of the book
      Disaster and persecutions where the Christians of Amid and the
      surrounding villages in 1985 were exposed to.
      Between the books of priest Paulus- the son of priest Abdul Ahad of
      the family Qascho Lahdo-, the priest of the village of Qarabasch, I
      found a flyer, on which the persecutions of 1895 were described by
      the pen of priest Abdul Ahad, one of those who were persecuted during
      the horrible ordeals where the Christians of the city Amid, Edessa,
      krotfrot, Sibabrak, Militini, Sasun and other villages in their
      surroundings were exposed to.

      ... ... At the beginning of November 1895 the bloodthirsty and full
      of hatred envy Muslim leaders in Amid, started a persecution against
      the Christians, which was led by Gamil Pascha, Bahram Pascha and
      other tyrants. They called for the Kurds, to be ready to attack the
      Christians and kill them; they were promised, that they would get
      weapons when they would arrive in Amid........

      2. The village Qarabasch (Page. 42/43 of the book)
      ...... On the first Friday in November, the Kurds entered the village
      and killed and robed the inhabitants for two days long. The greater
      part of them escaped to the Pigeontower eastern of the city. The
      Kurds attacked the fortress and destroyed it above on the Syrians who
      underneath were buried. Those who tried to escape were killed by the
      Kurds in front of the gate of the fortress: not a single person could
      escape.... the daughter of priest Hanna, who was married and was
      carrying her Child Zacharias on her flee when a Kurd stabbed her with
      his sword in her back in such a way that the sword through her belly
      hit the child: both of them died......

      3. The village Alibar (Page. 43/44 of the book)
      The leaders of the Muslims told them nasty: 'Come, we will bring you
      to Amid and save you from events which are to us as neighbors
      outrageous.' And when the Muslims had gathered them and were brought
      outside the city, they killed all of them; subsequently they went
      back to the village and possessed their properties.

      Click here for more quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1895-1896 from
      the book of Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi and Sebastien de Courtios
      -Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918 committed by the Turks and Koerds-
      Sebastien de Courtois
      Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi

      1. Page. 162/163 of the book
      From March to November 1915, an immense red line the colour of blood
      streaked the sky of Turkey. Monstrous deeds were occurring, nameless,
      indefinable, as the young Ottoman land decimated, or rather
      annihilated its own sons with its own hands-most of them serving in
      its army-evicted them from their homes, raped their daughters,
      kidnapped their wives, scattered their families, torched their
      villages, deporting the survivors, burning the dead.
      Reader, may God permit the present work to reach its goal, which is
      to report and to glorify! My ambition (is it too pretentious?) would
      be for it to become an account and an epic. As an account, it will
      speak of the abominable events that took place in a corner of Turkey;
      it will tell of the extremes to which a country that has not shed its
      savage instincts can go, and by what barbarous finesse that same
      country, in the twentieth century, has delighted in covering
      unspeakable acts behind an respectable face, or rather behind a
      grimace of respectability.

      The shame of seeing the property of God and of individuals stolen in
      the light of day and auctioned off. The shame of seeing deep wells
      filled to the top with corpses, such as the wells of Dara [Oguz], of
      Dakikiye, etc. The shame of seeing wide Christian lands emptied of
      their inhabitants. The shame of seeing whole valleys covered with
      victims, their throats slit, their stomachs disembowelled, such as
      the valley of the Lice district to the northwest of Diyarbakir (Page
      161/162, H. Simon).

      2. Page. 167 of the book
      They were accompanied by Memduh Bey, by his aide de-camp, and by a
      crowd of Turkish army rabble. On the way, the soldiers were ordered
      to kill 70 of them between Encrai and Set Anna [ villages along the
      road to Diyarbakir]. The 400 that were left were divided into two
      groups in front of the Zirzewan citadel, and some of the Kurdish
      soldiers beat them to death. Finally, near Diyarbakir on the black
      bridge, the survivors, including Mgr. Malovan, were in turn executed
      by firing squad after their cruel martyrdom (Page 167 RAHMANI report,
      op. cit..)

      3. Page. 177 of the book
      In Diyarbakir, much of the population has been massacred or has died
      after their deportation, which was executed with the greatest
      cruelty, not to mention their devastated and looted properties and
      belongings. It is to be noted that many have also embraced Islam, by
      fear, to save their lives, or by constraint, others are still held as
      slaves by their aggressors.' (Page 177, G. Habra)

      1. (C. The Ka`biye Page. 86/87/88/89/90/91)
      On 1st of April 1915 the government ordered strictly that Christians
      had to deliver all kind of weapons. Because of that, three captains
      of the army left Amid on 10th of April and went to the city of
      Ka'biye. They were captain Sidqi, the son of Biringi, Jahja, the son
      of Jassin and Tharwat, the son of Othman. They got at their disposal
      50 soldiers of the 50th army regiment. ……………………..

      Oh! Tyranny which lacks mercy. And I cannot speak about the
      deprivations and the dishonouring of the virgin and honourable women
      by the (Turkish) soldiers. Deeds which thrashes the face of the
      Satan. ……………………

      On 20th of April (1915), at 5 o'clock in the evening, Kurds of
      different tribes attacked the village of Ka'biye. ………….They brought
      the prisoners to the road in the direction of Igil, to the top of a
      hill, from where one could see the Euphrates: there they were
      undressed, killed and thrown down into the Euphrates…………And in the
      first night watch, they set the bodies of the poor martyrs (killed
      Christians) on fire to warm themselves up till the next
      morning………..Because in the village there were only women and children
      left, the Kurds came back and took every women they wished to take….
      (page 89)……………………. the men were set apart from the women, and before
      the eyes of everybody they aimed the pistols on them and shot them
      dead, and the dead bodies of the victims fell down like sheep on the
      ground. After this, the Kurdish groups appeared like wild animals,
      armed with deadly weapons such as axes, hooks, swords,
      daggers, sticks and sickles. Oh, what bitter, sadness it is, which
      cannot be solaced, to see how the babies at the breast of their
      mothers were snatched and their blood was mixed with milk, how the
      mothers were raped before the eyes of everybody, and that there was
      nobody who could prevent or put a stop to that. (Page 90)…………..

      2. (C. The wildness of the criminals (Page 132))
      One of the soldiers of the 50th army told us: when a group of
      persecuted Christians were on the way to be killed, a woman, the
      mother of a little boy of two years, said to a soldier' I know that I
      am going to be killed, here is my son, take him with you and adopt
      him, here have a tree golddinar to take care fore him'. The soldier
      took the golddinar and put it in his pocket; after that he took the
      child away and smashed it against a rock before him, so that he died
      immediately before the eyes of the mother.

      Archpriest Sleman Henno
      1. Page. 32 of the book
      Dear reader, I have explained to you the reasons for the mass
      killings, and the way they were carried out. Come with me to visit
      all the regions where the mass killings took place, to see what these
      two peoples, the Turks and Kurds – who are notorious because of their
      horror, maliciousness and lack of compassion-, the massacres they
      have caused and innocent blood they have shed. These areas of
      Anatolia till the borders of Ottoman Empire, thus till to Persia and
      Russia, were inhabited by many Christens. We will encounter tragedies
      and bloodshed which has no equal. From the Creation of the world
      until know; no body have seen such a thing: Children, women's and
      elders were stabbed to death and infants were taken from the womb of
      their mother and smashed against the walls. What a horrible
      unbearable fate. Something like this even was not managed by the
      godless Djengis Khan neither by the Ta- Mongolian Hüläga and Timur
      Lenk. Even in the times of heathenism is about such a thing never noticed. Not a tong, not a pen can describe such a thing. The tears wells out of our eyes and stream over the cheeks. Complete cities were robbed of Christians as if there never any Christian have had lived. In many villages, there was even nothing left which could be remembered to the Christians.

      Click here for more quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918 from
      the book of Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi, Sebastien de Courtios and
      Sleman Henno
      More quotes about Aramean Genocide of 1915-1918-------
      Sebastien de Courtois
      More from Abdel Messih Numan Karabasi:

      Dr. Sinu P. John
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