Re: Five Questions to Indian Catholicose
- --- In SOCM-FORUM@yahoogroups.com, Fr. George T. wrote:
>Dear George achen,
If Iam not mistake.and may be achen achen dont know about the real
history of syrian orthdox chruch I would like to point out some of
facts I think this will useful for achan as well as the others who
doesnt know about this.
Catholicose post was establihed by the syrian orthdox chruch from
the begning of chritian era.
It was around the year 300, an attempt was made for the first time
to establish the Church in the Persian Empire in an organised form.
The initiative for this was taken by Bishop Papa (Baba, AD.267-329)
of the Persian royal capital at Seleucia-Ctesiphon with the consent
of the Patriarch of Antioch.
It is believed that the title 'CATHOLICOS' was first used by this
Bishop Papa. Anyhow, neither this Seleucian bishop nor his
successors, until 410, never had any authority over other bishoprics
in Persian empire and hence the title Catholicose, if ever used by
Bishop Papa, does not mean in the same sense as it was known later.
MOR ISHAQ (Issac), the bishop of Seleucia becomes the head of the
Persian Church. He is the one who is acknowledged as the
first "CATHOLICOS", with jurisdiction over the entire Persian
And its true that due to introdution of nestorian faith and for a
short term the catholicate was under nestorians.
Mor Mana 420 Deposed from the Catholicate because of his Nestorian
Mor Dadyeshu 421-450
Mor Babowai 450-484 Martyred by order of Persian King Peroz
The Catholicate fell into heresy after Mor Babowai
And again in 559 syrian orthodox were re united under the leader
ship of Jacob bordano in AD 559 (ie reson for syrian orthdox called
Jacobites) and the term maphriayoons were estabilsed in AD 629.
The term `Maphrian' is derived from the Syriac word `afri',
meaning, "to make fruitful". In the mid 13th century the
title `Catholicos' was adopted by some occupants of the
Maphrianate . It is this title that is being used in India today,
while the title `Maphrian' is no longer used.
In 1860, Office of the Maphrianate of the East was abolished as per
the decision of the Universal Synod held under the Patriarch Mor
Ignatius Ya`qub II at the Deir ez-Za`faran Monastery (Kurkkumo
Dayro) in Turkey.
In 1964, the office of the Maphrian was established in India, with
the title `CATHOLICOS'. This was as per the decision of the Holy
Episcopal Synod of the Universal Syrian Orthodox Church, held at
Kottayam, under the venerable presidentship of Mor Ignatius Ya`qub
III, the Patriarch of Antioch and all the East.
Mor Baselios Augen I 1964-1975
Mor Baselios Paulose II 1975-1996
Mor Baselios Thomas I 2002
So it is very much clear that its the Partiarch of Anthioc is
supreme authority the apoint a catholica or to abolish the the post.
and the term cathoclica is really belong to the Universal syrian
Orthodox chruch. But in Indian aprat from the syrain orthdox chruch
the term is used by Malnkkara rethu and Indian orthodox also.
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