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Genetic Evidence for the Aryan Roots of the Caste System

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  • SOCM News Bureau
    Genetic Evidence for the Aryan Roots of the Caste System By Dr.Joseph D souza Posted April, 7, 2007, www.dalitnetwork.org A large number of historians have
    Message 1 of 1469 , Apr 8, 2007
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      Genetic Evidence for the Aryan Roots of the Caste System
      By Dr.Joseph D'souza

      Posted April, 7, 2007, www.dalitnetwork.org

      A large number of historians have long contested that the
      dehumanizing and discriminating caste system has its origins in the
      Aryan conquest of India. The Aryans constructed caste ideology as a
      religious, political and social tool to rule the original inhabitants
      of the land. The Aryan invasion thesis has been contested by some
      historians and most recently by the extremist Hindutva forces who are
      committed to the perpetuation of the caste system.

      Finally, the Human Genome project analyzing the DNA composition of
      humans has produced scientific evidence stating that the genetic
      origin of the upper castes in India is more European than Asian.

      I enclose below a large quotation from the results of the research
      carried by Utah University in collaboration with Andhra University,
      etc. But what follows is the main result of the research:

      Analysis of these data demonstrated that the upper castes have a
      higher affinity to Europeans than to Asians, and the upper castes are
      significantly more similar to Europeans than are the lower castes.
      Collectively, all five datasets show a trend toward upper castes
      being more similar to Europeans, whereas lower castes are more
      similar to Asians. We conclude that Indian castes are most likely to
      be of proto-Asian origin with West Eurasian admixture resulting in
      rank-related and sex-specific differences in the genetic affinities
      of castes to Asians and Europeans.

      This genetic evidence supports the long held view that caste slavery
      was constructed by foreigners who entered India and who created an
      elaborate social and spiritual system to dominate and rule the
      original inhabitants of the land. This genetic finding is no less
      important than the other finding which states that all human beings
      have come from one pair of original parents.

      Caste, Racism and Slavery
      Regardless of this fact about our common origin, human civilization
      is filled with examples of how one set of human beings has enslaved
      others on the basis of color, ethnic identity, nationality and
      religion. Human history is also replete with efforts to deal with
      racism and slavery. The modern anti-slavery and anti-racism movement
      has received another boost with the commemoration of the 200th
      anniversary of the passing of the law that abolished the
      transatlantic slave trade through the work of Wilberforce and others.
      Abraham Lincoln said of Wilberforce, "Millions yet unborn will thank
      God for the memory of this man.'' Watch the movie "Amazing Grace" if
      you have not yet seen it.

      Of all the slaveries inflicted on human beings, the caste system
      stands out as the longest standing system designed to keep the Dalits
      in perpetual slavery. Caste discrimination based on descent and
      occupation is nothing less than apartheid. The Dalits are visible
      victims of this invisible apartheid at work in Indian society. It is
      hard to believe that this system and ideology has brainwashed Indians
      for 3,000 years.

      Given the scientific evidence and the social and moral arguments
      against the caste system, is this not the century to abolish the
      practice of the caste system globally?

      Since the caste system degrades men, women and labor, it is
      imperative that India abolishes the system first as it stands in the
      way of India unleashing the full potential of its people and becoming
      the global power it is capable of becoming! Abolish anything that
      encourages the practice of the caste system, including caste-based
      marriage advertisements. Abolish the practice of the caste system in
      all religions by law!

      More than the law, we must strengthen public opinion against this
      system which is so divisive in nature and scope that today it impacts
      all of life � politics, religion, education and economics, to name
      just a few areas.

      Extract from http://www.genome.org

      The origins and affinities of the 1 billion people living on the
      subcontinent of India have long been contested. This is owing, in
      part, to the many different waves of immigrants that have influenced
      the genetic structure of India. In the most recent of these waves,
      Indo-European-speaking people from West Eurasia entered India from
      the Northwest and diffused throughout the subcontinent. They
      purportedly admixed with or displaced indigenous Dravidic-speaking
      populations. Subsequently they may have established the Hindu caste
      system and placed themselves primarily in castes of higher rank. To
      explore the impact of West Eurasians on contemporary Indian caste
      populations, we compared mtDNA (400 bp of hypervariable region 1 and
      14 restriction site polymorphisms) and Y-chromosome (20 biallelic
      polymorphisms and 5 short tandem repeats) variation in 265 males from
      eight castes of different rank to 750 Africans, Asians, Europeans,
      and other Indians. For maternally inherited mtDNA, each caste is most
      similar to Asians. However, 20%�30% of Indian mtDNA haplotypes belong
      to West Eurasian haplogroups, and the frequency of these haplotypes
      is proportional to caste rank, the highest frequency of West Eurasian
      haplotypes being found in the upper castes. In contrast, for
      paternally inherited Y-chromosome variation each caste is more
      similar to Europeans than to Asians. Moreover, the affinity to
      Europeans is proportionate to caste rank, the upper castes being most
      similar to Europeans, particularly East Europeans. These findings are
      consistent with greater West Eurasian male admixture with castes of
      higher rank. Nevertheless, the mitochondrial genome and the Y
      chromosome each represents only a single haploid locus and is more
      susceptible to large stochastic variation, bottlenecks, and selective
      sweeps. Thus, to increase the power of our analysis, we assayed 40
      independent, biparentally inherited autosomal loci (1 LINE-1 and 39
      Alu elements) in all of the caste and continental populations (∼600 individuals). Analysis of these data demonstrated that the upper castes have a higher affinity to Europeans than to Asians, and the upper castes are significantly more similar to Europeans than are the lower castes. Collectively, all five datasets show a trend toward upper castes being more similar to Europeans, whereas lower castes are more similar to Asians. We conclude that Indian castes are most likely to be of proto-Asian origin with West Eurasian admixture resulting in rank-related and sex-specific differences in the genetic affinities of castes to Asians and Europeans.
    • SOCM-FORUM@yahoogroups.com
      Dear All in Christ Barekmore / Shlomo We, Malankara Jacobite Internet Platform (http://www.socmnet.org), Syriac Orthodox Resources (http://www.sor.cua.edu) and
      Message 1469 of 1469 , Nov 18, 2007
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        Dear All in Christ
        Barekmore / Shlomo

        We, Malankara Jacobite Internet Platform (http://www.socmnet.org), Syriac
        Orthodox Resources (http://www.sor.cua.edu) and Malankara Syriac Christian
        Resource (http://www.syrianchurch.org/) together are compiling the following
        informations to publish an online directory of Syriac orthodox Clergy.

        Please note that this project is not based on any official church directives.

        We request each and every one of our forum members to request all clergy you
        know, to provide the informations on the following format along with a
        photograph of the clergy, to soc.clergylist@... . If you are a third
        party providing these informations, then you must have clear consent from
        clergy.

        First Name:-
        Middle Name:-
        Last Name:-
        Family Name:-

        Nationality:-
        Place of Birth:-
        Date of Birth & Age:-
        Present Diocese:-
        Home parish:-
        Present parish:-

        Ordination date:
        Ordained by:
        Present Clergy Status:-
        (Mzamrono / Qoruyo / Apodiakno / Mshamshono / Archdeacon/ Qashisho /
        Sharwoyo /Dayroyo / Rabban / Cor episcopos)

        Do you have Professional and/or Decorative titles? Yes or No:-
        If yes, what is the Profession? (Dr. / Eng. / Prof. etc):-

        Email Id:-
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        Any additional information to be published on line:-

        Be with us and be part of us

        In HIS Love
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