Re: Matthew 1:25
- Thank you Dr. Thomas and Fr. John for your responces.
Re: Mat 1:25 Who are these "Brothers"? (Did Jesus have
The Greek word for "brothers" is "adelphos", and is a
compound word. Adelphos � A + delph . "A" means
'same' and "delph" means 'womb'. So some Protestants
argue that these "brothers" of Jesus must be from the
same womb as Himself and thus are children of Mary,
However, this is an etymological fallacy. The
derivation of a word, its etymology, will give you the
history of a word, but does not necessarily give you
the correct definition of that word. For example,
Plato (429-347 BC) in his LAWS XI 924 E for his model
state: "That brother [ADELPHOS] who is born of the
same father or of the same mother � " Therefore, the
word "adelphos" cannot necessarily mean from the same
womb. Plato also uses the same word to mean
"kindred� or �relatives."
In which manner is this word used in reference to
Jesus Christ? Was it used in terms of its etymological
meaning or was it used to mean as defined by Plato?
Let us consider other versus where the word "adelphos"
is used, and try to understand in what context this
word is used.
The phrase "His mother's sister," in John 19.25
[verse quoted below], is a reference to mother of the
sons of Zebedee a.k.a Salome, (Mat. 20:20), Luke
5:10. This is evident when we compare Matthew 27:56,
Mark 15:40, and John 19:25 [see quotes below]. These
passages show a consistency whereby each of these
three Gospels lists all three women at the cross,
besides the Blessed Virgin Mary.
However, we know that Mary and Salome were cousins
(see family tree below). So this is an example of
"ADELPHOS" (the feminine version of the word in this
case), being used with a wider definition than just
children from the same womb.
Source: (For more detailed explanation please visit)