>Thanks very much, Joe. I find these medieval expressions fascinating, and
>sure they would have shifted their meanings over time like everything else.
>But I still want to know -- if serfdom survived in Slovakia until the
>1840's, who are the serfs? Where are the serfs? How can we tell a serf
>from a peasant in these records? A landless tenant is not necessarily a
>serf, and after the 1840's can't be a serf. Seems logical to me that a serf
>is attached to an estate, so when one shows up in the church records, it
>might mention that he or she "belongs" to someplace or other.
Were there any Hungarian census for this period? The only information I was
able to obtain about my grandfather (b1861) and great grandfather (b1812) was
in 1869 census.