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Re: Slovaks in Galicia?

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  • Joe Armata
    Just to clarify this a bit, there were no ethnic Slovak villages in Galicia, though there were Slovak individuals scattered around Galicia who immigrated there
    Message 1 of 4 , Nov 15, 1999
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      Just to clarify this a bit, there were no ethnic Slovak villages in
      Galicia, though there were Slovak individuals scattered around
      Galicia who immigrated there for marriage or business or other
      reasons. On the other hand, there were ethnic Polish villages in
      Hungary/Slovakia. This was partially due to the gradual shift of the
      Polish/Hungarian border northwards by Hungary during the early middle
      ages (it used to be around the Hornad river, then moved up to the
      Poprad), partially by Poles fleeing oppressive feudal conditions or
      just seeking a better life in more prosperous Hungary, and partially
      by the Wallachian migrations.

      The northern tips of Orava and Spis counties (roughly a dozen
      villages each) were ceded to Poland following the breakup of the
      Austro-Hungarian empire after WW1, when Poland was recreated as a
      nation. Though they're now part of Poland, they were never part of
      Galicia. At the time, Poland wanted larger chunks of Orava and Spis
      counties, based on the Polish-majority populations there, while
      Slovakia naturally wanted to maintain its title to all the land.
      Village representatives went both ways on the issue, and there was
      talk of a plebescite, but in the end a council of ambassadors decided
      to give Poland small slices of each county. A couple more villages
      were ceded to Poland just before WW2 broke out, but after the war
      they reverted to Slovakia again.

      Zakopane wasn't part of that land transfer, as it was always part of
      Galicia (and Poland before that).

      The populations that were expelled from southeast Poland after WW2
      were Rusyns/Ukrainians, not Slovaks.


      Joe Armata
      joe@...
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