Re: Slovaks in Galicia?
- Just to clarify this a bit, there were no ethnic Slovak villages in
Galicia, though there were Slovak individuals scattered around
Galicia who immigrated there for marriage or business or other
reasons. On the other hand, there were ethnic Polish villages in
Hungary/Slovakia. This was partially due to the gradual shift of the
Polish/Hungarian border northwards by Hungary during the early middle
ages (it used to be around the Hornad river, then moved up to the
Poprad), partially by Poles fleeing oppressive feudal conditions or
just seeking a better life in more prosperous Hungary, and partially
by the Wallachian migrations.
The northern tips of Orava and Spis counties (roughly a dozen
villages each) were ceded to Poland following the breakup of the
Austro-Hungarian empire after WW1, when Poland was recreated as a
nation. Though they're now part of Poland, they were never part of
Galicia. At the time, Poland wanted larger chunks of Orava and Spis
counties, based on the Polish-majority populations there, while
Slovakia naturally wanted to maintain its title to all the land.
Village representatives went both ways on the issue, and there was
talk of a plebescite, but in the end a council of ambassadors decided
to give Poland small slices of each county. A couple more villages
were ceded to Poland just before WW2 broke out, but after the war
they reverted to Slovakia again.
Zakopane wasn't part of that land transfer, as it was always part of
Galicia (and Poland before that).
The populations that were expelled from southeast Poland after WW2
were Rusyns/Ukrainians, not Slovaks.