Re: [S-R] naming traditions
- Of course don't forget the most famous Mucha, the Czech artist Alphons Mucha
of art nouveau fame. I believe I read where his name Mucha = Fly.
to start, check out
----- Original Message -----
From: Frank <frankur@...>
Sent: Wednesday, November 06, 2002 10:33 AM
Subject: Re: [S-R] naming traditions
--- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@y..., nhasior@a... wrote:
> thanks for the information.
> My grandother's father's name was Mucha and sometimes spelled Muha
> omlats on the u.
> her mother's name was Jankura.
The surnames Muha and Mucha are found in Sloavkia and elsewhere.
The German telephone white pages list 250+ surnames Muha and 250+
Ellis Island Records (EIR) 1892-1924 list 109 surname Muha who
emigrated to the U.S. from Europe via Ellis Island (NYC)
EIR also list 1048 surnames Mucha who emigrated to the U.S. from
Europe via Ellis Island (NYC)
From childhood Slovak (English was my third language) I remember that
mucha means a fly (a winged insect)
The online Slovakia telephone directory lists 3 surnames Mucha under
Stará L'ubovn^a, 3 under Kez^marok, and 10 under Spis^ská Nová Ves.
The directory also lists 2 surnames Jankura under Stará L'ubovn^a, 7
under Kez^marok, 2 under Presov^, and 6 under Kos^ice.
Many surnames Mucha emigrated from Poland (Mucha also means a fly in
What about the German villages in the Spis^ region of Slovakia ?
Germans, Slovaks, Rusyns, Croatians, Hungarians, and Poles.
Don't know which group settled here first in 12th, 14th, and 16th
Not all people in East Central Europe who later spoke German
owed their heritage to German settlers. Many were descendants of
Germanized Slavs and in some cases Magyars whose ancestors had
intermarried with neighbors of Germanic origin.
Among the earliest German colonies were those begun in the late
12th c in Transylvania and in the mountainous area of Spis^/Zips/
Szepes county in northern Hungary near the towns of Levoc^a (Sv)/
Leutschau (G) and Kez^marok (Sk)/Késmárk (H)/Käsmarkt(G)
The Spis^ enclave was expanded through special privileges granted in
1224 and 1271.
It was at this time that the "Saxons" (actually not from Saxony but
from the Rhineland) came in large numbers.
It was during the 13th c that organized efforts were undertaken to
settle Carpathian Rus' with East Slavic farmers and shepherds from
neighboring Galicija (Poland)
Early in 15th c the 16 towns in the northen Spis^ region of central
Slovakia (including Stará L'ubovn^a and L'ubica)- near to but not
including the royal Saxon towns of Käsmark and Leutschau - were sold
to Poland, under whose rule they remained 1412-1772.
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- Thanks Ron for the website on Mucha. my aunt sent me pictures of the
pipeline and a highway after the earthquake. i am glad that you were not
- Thank you Frank, for all the information about the settlers and historical
facts on particular areas of Slovakia.
i wish that our own History courses taught during high school and college
would contain more history about Eastern Europe. even today's Eastern
European courses mostly deal with the Holocaust and The Soviet Union. i
looked into the curriculum for the Soviet Union and find that it mostly deals
with Russia itself. so it is interesting to learn from other members of this
list a partial history of Slovak Republic and some of the border countries.
Information on the Holocaust is very stagnated and does not contain more than
we have heard over and over. and no details. The Diary of Anne Frank is
still the required reading for these courses. I have learned far more on
this website about Eastern Europe than in any general course given in this