But if you look at this excellent web site, provided by a Canadian Slovak
researcher, it discusses the attempts of the Hungarian government to prevent
Their attempts failed, of course. Fully 1/4 of the "white" ie non-Gypsy,
population of Slovakia emigrated in the last two decades before WWI,
according to a source I just read. I have just made some discoveries,
further, about how Slovaks who went to the Pennsylvania mines in the 1880's
were in turn recruited by the Canadian agent Esterhazy, himself an
immigrant. Some ended up homesteading in the West, working on railroads, or
in other mines -- I now know how my relatives who ended up in Hazleton, PA
got to Canada. This man recruited Slovaks from that mining town.
----- Original Message -----
From: James A Honeychuck <jimhoney@...>
Sent: Saturday, October 23, 1999 4:42 AM
Subject: Re: [SLOVAK-ROOTS] Slovak migration patterns
> From: James A Honeychuck <jimhoney@...>
> A book I have here confirms that the end of serfdom was a contributing
> factor. According to Mark Stolarik in Immigration and Urbanization, The
> Slovak Experience, 1870-1918 (p. 8), "While earlier Slovak migrations
> usually involved the quest for new land in sparsely populated areas, the
> migration which followed the abolition of serfdom in 1848 sprang largely
> from the search for work, whether in another village or in a city,
> nearby or far away. All of Europe witnessed, in the second half of the
> nineteenth century, a rural-urban migration which continued into the
> twentieth century..."
> One of the main ideas of this book is that Slovaks were already on
> the move when recruiters for American coal mines came to Slovakia.
> Jim Honeychuck
> JArcher360@... wrote:
> > From: JArcher360@...
> > My grandparents, and two of my grandmother's brothers came to the US
> > 1912. One of the brothers returned to Slovakia after several years,
> > worked in the Pa. coal mines. Seemed strange to see things like an old
> > Singer sewing machine in the house of a cousin in Bratislava. In regard
> > the immigration patterns---I have been told that the end of serf status
> > whatever it is called influenced the numbers of people who left
> > Anyone have some dates/verification?