Re: 1900/1910/1920 U.S. Censuses versus 1930 U.S. Census
- Some time back, spent a year at a regional National Archives and
Records Administration (NARA) center researching surnames from the
1900/1910/1920 U.S. Census enumeration microfilms.
These U.S. Censuses used Miracode/Soundex Code and if one knew
general area of surname residence (city or town) one could generally
locate surname records.
Surname ommission rate in 1910 Miracode/Soundex was greater than in
other 10 year census indexes.
In many cases, individuals not indexed are still present in the
census schedules, so it is especially advisable for researchers to
continue a search in the actual schedules even though a surname fails
to show up in an index.
The only additional problem was when a individual census taker had
such bad handwriting that pages of his census enumerations couldn't
be read or deciphered.
Each time I entered a new district enumeration hoped that the census
taker's handwriting was legible.
The 1930 U.S. Census consists of 2,667 rolls of population schedules and 1,587 rolls of Soundex indexes for 12 southern states, totaling 4,254 rolls.
The other states, however, do not have Soundex indexes !
So, for those States, surname researchers must now rely on 1930 city
and other directories when available to locate their surnames ?