- --- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@y..., krejc@a... wrote:
> dear listers,relations
> last year, my aunt gave me some old photos and some of them have
> in uniforms, possibly when Hungary enforced service, and some looklike
> gymnasium outfits .Slovak and
> does anyone know a website where there may be pictures of Polish,
> Hungarian uniforms. maybe even German and Russian.There were no Polish or Slovak armies with their own military uniforms
> noreen hasior from peekskill, new york
until around 1918-1920 (peace treaty)
1) From the late 1790s until the end of WW I, Poland did not exist as
a country. It was divided among the Russian, German (Prussian), and
2 ) At the outbreak of WW I , many Czechs and Slovaks showed little
enthusiasm for fighting on the side of their old enemies, the
Austrians and the Hungarians.
Many defected to fight in the Czechoslovak Legion on the Eastern
In 1917, the Legion, now numbering 100,000 men, became embroiled in
the Russian revolution , and when the Bolsheviks made peace with
Germany found itself cutoff from the homeland.
They made their legendary 'anabasis' (from an early Greek example-
march back home) while controlling large parts of Siberia and the
Trans-Siberian RR, before arriving back in the new republic of
Prior to WW I (1914-1918) the armies of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
were composed of three separate armies; the common army, which was
recruited from both the German and Hungarian portions of the empire,
the Austrian Landwehr, which was recruited the so-called German
provinces of the empire, which in practice contained Poles,
Ukrainians, Slovenians and Czechs and the Hungarian Landwehr (Honved),
recruited from the Hungarian administered provinces of the empire
(e.g. Slovakia and Croatia-Slavonia).
During wartime all three forces merged together, the only difference
actually being the names of the individual regiments.
The regiments of the common army were designated "Imperial and Royal"
- kaiserlich und königlich or k.u.k. .
The Austrian Landwehr regiments were titled "Imperial and Royal" -
kaiserlich und königlich or k.u.k.
Finally the Landwehr (Honved) were styled "Royal Hungarian" -
königlich ungarisch or k.u.