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Re: [S-R] Ruthenian/Ukrainian Surnames

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  • Michael Mojher
    RUTHENIAN/UKRAINIAN SURNAMES Earliest surnames were taken from birds, animals and occupations. There are 4 main types of Ruthenian/Ukrainian surnames: those
    Message 1 of 11 , Dec 20, 2010

      Earliest surnames were taken from birds, animals and occupations. There are
      4 main types of Ruthenian/Ukrainian surnames: those taken from (1) first
      names, (2) place names, (3) occupations and/or social status, and (4)
      personal characteristics. Names written in Cyrillic alphabet cannot be
      directly translated into Polish or English; therefore, these are only

      -ak, -chak, -chuk, and -uk, with the most popular being -enko, -chuk
      and -uk. All mean "son of." They are used with Christian names, surnames,
      and occupational names. For example, "Petrenko" is the "son of Petro
      (Peter)." Peter's wife would be known as "Petrykha," and a matronymic
      surname would be "Petryshyn," "son of Peter's wife."

      Surnames deriving from place names are of two kinds:

      (1) the place where an ancestor came from or was residing, and

      (2) the ethnic, national, or tribal origin of an ancestor. For example,
      "Zabolotnyj" is "one who lived beyond the marsh." "Wolyniak" probably came
      from the Volyn (Volhynia) region. "Tataryn" had a Tatar ancestor. "Boychuk"
      is from the "Boyko," an ancient Slavic tribe of Trans-Carpathia. Ukrainian
      nobility took their surnames from their estates or the localities they
      administered and added -cky, -sky, -skij, -skyj, and -zky (much like the
      Polish nobility who added -cki and -ski.) Adjectival surnames use the
      sufixes -ck-, -sk- and -zk-, and have the endings -yj or -ij for the
      masculine and -a or -ia for the feminine. Occupations and the social status
      of people greatly influenced surnames. Therefore, Ukrainian (Ruthenian)
      surnames may give a clue to the occupation of one of your early ancestors;
      for example, "Tkach" (the weaver), "Kravets" (the tailor), "Pekar" (the
      baker) and "Spivak" ) the singer.

      Other surname endings
      are -ar, -is, -iy, -ka, -kar, -man, -nik, -nyk, -sur, -un, -yk, and -ylo.
      The most typical Ukrainian surname ending is -enko, which is not found in
      any other ethnic group, and is commonly found in central and eastern

      -----Original Message-----
      From: Evelyn Marsh
      Sent: Saturday, December 18, 2010 12:07 PM
      To: slovak-roots@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: RE: [S-R] Re: Ivanco vs. Ivanko

      Curt, Michael & others,
      Thanks for the information - my great grandfather was Juraj Palecsko born
      (abt 1822) in Hromos, Slovakia - but I can't find much info on his father &
      mother - I will now look at other areas - grandmother Anna Palecsko (b 1871,
      Hromos) was Greek Catholic and, growing up I thought she must be Russian
      because of the funny letters in her newspaper - I believe now she was Rusyn.
      I understand that the 'ko' ending is common in Rusyn. No one remembers that
      name in Hromos today. He married Anna Elias-Pistey in 1867 in Hromos. If
      anyone comes across that name, please let me know.
      Many thanks,

      To: SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com
      From: mgmojher@...
      Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2010 08:56:04 -0800
      Subject: Re: [S-R] Re: Ivanco vs. Ivanko

      Thanks for the lesson.
      It shows how well how political borders may be fluid. But a ethnic homeland
      does not recognize them. So when doing genealogy research one may have to
      expand the area of the search beyond modern boundaries. And it is certainly
      worth while doing some reading of history of the area you are searching.

      From: CurtB
      Sent: Friday, December 17, 2010 8:33 PM
      To: SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [S-R] Re: Ivanco vs. Ivanko

      Wow, I guess there are really differing perceptions of history when it comes
      to the Rusyns. Karpatska Rus, as the Rusyns call it, was never part of
      Slovakia. This part of old Hungary was placed in Czecho-Slovakia as an
      independent entity in the treaty of Trianon in 1918 and was governed by
      Gregory Zatkovich until the second world war. It was retaken by Hungary in
      the Vienna accords, though declared its independence in 1939. It refused to
      be placed back into Czechoslovakia and was then forcibly joined to the
      Ukraine in 1945 with a promise of autonomy that was quickly forgotten.

      While the old Rusyn villages in the northeast Slovakia were historic centers
      of Rusyn life, the largest concentrations of people in Slovakia who identify
      as Rusyns today are in the cities of Presov, Kosice, and Bratislava. That's
      why you find so many Rusyn names there now, and where the three Greek
      Catholic bishops reside.

      The Ivanko surname is far more common in Karpatska region and Lemko Poland
      than it is in Slovakia. Getting a handle on the Rusyn names and their
      distribution requires searching all three Polish, Ukrainian, and Slovak

      Curt B.

      --- In mailto:SLOVAK-ROOTS%40yahoogroups.com, "Michael Mojher"
      <mgmojher@...> wrote:
      > Curt,
      > My guide to the name being Rusyn or not was to see which orkes it was
      > located in. Since the Rusyn tend to in the far northern eastern orkes I
      > searched for those. I was looking for “clues� and nothing definitive.
      > This exercise shows that history may change the political boundaries, but
      > it cannot erase the ethnic or social ones as easily. Unfortunately, we
      > have to lives with the consequences of those political boundaries. Lands
      > which were once in Czechoslovakia are now in the Ukraine because Slovakia
      > was an “ally� of Germany in WW II. And giving up a piece of Slovakia
      > was the price to pay. Now all of those previous Slovak villages and
      > records are so much more difficult to access.
      > As with any endeavor, we can only use the “tools� available to achieve
      > our goal. If all goes well each “tool� does its job. What is important
      > is to have a very good “Toolbox�. Thanks Bill.
      > From: CurtB
      > Sent: Friday, December 17, 2010 6:37 PM
      > To: mailto:SLOVAK-ROOTS%40yahoogroups.com
      > Subject: [S-R] Re: Ivanco vs Ivanko
      > Michael,
      > What makes everyone believe that the name is Rusyn is that the girl is
      > publicly announced as if the name were spelled EVANKO, even though written
      > Evancho in English. So getting back into Slovak or Rusyn is tricky, and
      > has to be done more by pronunciation that by English spelling. Also when
      > dealing with Rusyn names, remember that you also have to look in the
      > Ukrainian telephone directories. The Slovak population database of 1995 is
      > biased against Rusyn names since it excludes the vast Rusyn area that
      > today is in the Ukraine, but was part of Czecho-Slovakia before WWII.
      > CB
      > --- In mailto:SLOVAK-ROOTS%40yahoogroups.com, "Michael Mojher" <mgmojher@>
      > wrote:
      > >
      > > Curt,
      > > There certainly are more Ivanko listings. Twelve of the 15 listings were
      > > for double worded surnames. Certainly, the number of listings for Ivanko
      > > is greater than all of them. But, the Ivanco listing were in places that
      > > were much more Rusyn than those of Ivanko. And that was a question
      > > asked, was Evancho a Rusyn name.
      > >
      > > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      > >
      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]


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