Re: Research in Yugoslavia
- --- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@egroups.com, "Andrea Vangor" <drav@o...> wrote:
> This brings up an interesting issue. We know that there was a largeSlovak
> community in Yugoslavia (using the word in a regional sense; who cankeep up
> with all the border changes?) since the 18th century when a numberof
> Protestant Slovaks went to Vojvodinia in Serbia, I believe. As Irecall,
> these are the people whose Slovak was essentially unchanged. If youWorld
> remember a man named Ondrej something who used to post on Slovak
> during the war with Serbia a couple of years ago -- I guess I musthave been
> participating that long although it seems hard to believe -- he wasone of
> those ethnic Slovaks in Serbia, or his family (before moving toCanada).
> All of which is a confusing way of reminding the list here that we
> little about Slovaks in central and eastern Europe outside ofSlovakia.
> Lots of them went to Budapest and other parts of modern Hungary,looking for
> work, while other family members came over here. Unfortunately, thefew of
> magyarization policies of the Hungarian government were such that
> these people, if any, retain a Slovak identity or knowledge of thelanguage.
> However, that need not mean that they don't know where they camefrom. I
> did find some people of my surname in the Hungarian phone book, andplan to
> write them and ask how they are connected -- I will have to write inplease!
> Hungarian, of course, assuming that they no longer speak Slovak.
> It's also possible that the family is originally Hungarian, but
> enough complication for one morning. Now about Yugoslavia, andespecially
> Serbia. I think that it ought to be possible for us to make somekind of
> contact with people searching for their roots in those countries.There
> must be lists for genealogy -- war or no war, life goes on, and therecent
> fighting did not affect the whole region. I am going to see if Ihave an
> e-mail address for Ondrej the Serbian Slovak and ask him, but howabout a
> check of Rootsweb etc.?chosen
> It seems reasonable that a Slovak who went to Yugoslavia would have
> to settle either in a big city or in a part of the area where otherSlovaks
> were living, would have joined the local Slovak church of whatevermissing
> affiliation, etc. So don't give up before you try to find that
> great-aunt.Vojvodina (C/S) Vajdaság (H) Wojwodina (G)
In order to attract Serbs to Hungary's southern border, the
emperor around 1690 decreed that they could elect their own
ruler, or vojvoda (Duke), hence the name of territory derives.
In 1700, perhaps 70,000 Serbs crossed into Vojvodina (eastern
Slavonia, Bac^ka, and Banat)
The Hapsburg authorities encouraged other ethnicities of their
empire to settle there as well, including Germans and Croats from
west and Slovaks and Rusyns from the north.
When the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1848-1849 errupted, the
Serbs in Vojvodina were the first to revolt.
With the help of the Russian Tsar's armies, the new emperor Franz
Joseph I, put down the Hungarian revolution.
At the end of WW 2 (1946), the former Yugoslavia kingdom was replaced
by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia , a federation of six equal
The six republics that formed the former Yugoslavia were :
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia,
Of these, Serbia changed substantially from its pre-WW I boundaries.
The southern part of Serbia became the republic of Macedonia.
And the three ethnically diverse territories of Serbia, Syrmia,
Bac^ka, and Banat became the autonomous region of the Vojvodina.
In 1991-1992 the former Yugoslavia ceased to exist with the beginning
of the Balkan civil wars.
In 1981 Yugoslavia's ethnolinguistic composition had been 8 million
Serbs, 4.5 million Croats, 2 million Bosnians; and of the 15
minorities, 80,000 Slovaks.