Re: [S-R] Re: Meaning of Gellertfalva--Gerolsdorf--Dobra Volya/Schulz names
- Yes, Ron, I agree- this part of Slovak history is almost fundamental to understanding the history of the middle-ages in Uhorska/Hungary/Slovakia. I was very tired last night... I am about worn out, methinks.� This gentry was fundamental in the birth of Slovak villages...
However, I was "on" about the spelling, and for some reason, was focusing on surnames. So, my appologies- I didn't mean for that to read the way it did. Joe's addition to the Vol'a (a to dobrovolne napisane!) is excellent, and I was kicking myself for not thinking of that too... Joe, ste poklad.
I want to throw in just one little correction, though- "starost" is a concern/care or matter of concern.� The mayor of a city is "primator," and for a village it is "starosta."� Now, for the time-period that the Soltysovia were running around, you may come across "richtar." This was the title for starosta. Mes~tanosta was a primator, usually of the larger cities.
I hope that this helps with understanding some of the village histories...
--- On Mon, 2/9/09, Ron Matviyak <amiak27@...> wrote:
From: Ron Matviyak <amiak27@...>
Subject: [S-R] Re: Meaning of Gellertfalva--Gerolsdorf--Dobra Volya/Schulz names
Date: Monday, February 9, 2009, 4:55 PM
Soltyz by any spelling variation and dialect of Slovak or German
should be of interest to the list, since it is the Soltys system that
was instrumental in founding many of the villages in Slovakia. The
lower (presumably oldest) section of the main street in Sulin is still
referred to as S^outystvo by villagers. When I heard it, it sounded
like the root was a variation on Soltys, either in Slovak or Rusyn.
I lived in Ketsch, Germany for a year or two and they are quite proud
of their Schulthei�� (Soltys, Schultz) named Enderle. As
representative of the Lord of the village his responsibility was to
administer the lord's will, which he did with competence until the
lord ordered some oppressive and unjust burdens upon the people. As I
remember it, he then led a revolt and fled for his life when it was
suppressed, but he won the everlasting respect of the citizens and
stands in honor in bronze today.
The relevance to Slovakia and our ancestors is that in the Soltys era
(much easier to write than Schulthei��) a Soltys was chosen to lead the
settlers to the Lord's chosen location and direct the establishment of
the village and farmlands. His reward could include a double portion
of farmland and mayor ship (Starost / leader) for himself and perhaps
his children. Circumstances of his reward varied with time and
location and the local charter. Often the village was granted freedom
from taxes for 10 or 15 years, and perhaps the Soltys was granted a
longer period or lighter tax burden.
I will cross post this on Slovak World and after a week or two of
commentary and correction will post an update here, if needed.
--- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@ yahoogroups. com, <treimer@... > wrote:
> I don't know Slovak and ran across Scholtyz as the slovakized
version of Schulz. I guess this website here has the slovak spelling:
> http://www.ancestry .com/facts/ Soltys-family- history.ashx
> Polish (Soltys), Czech (��oltys), and Slovak ��olt��s: of German
origin, a status name for a village headman (see Schultz, Schultheis).
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
- Dear fellow researchers,
The Eisdorf book is printed. The cost is Euro 19 plus mailing. It has about 350 pages, incl. many old pictures. It is in German, with English summaries.
You can order directly from Inge Schmidt at ingetraud-Schmidt@... , who will also tell you how to pay.