RE: [S-R] Ondeck - Zurinda Family Names
- Dear Tena,
I have looked at the family census records from Washington State.
John's statement of year of immigration was listed as either 1882 (1910) or
1883 (1900). Mary's was listed as 1888 (1900, 1910) or 1890 (1930). The
earlier the census, the more likely the year was given correctly, or nearly
Since you already have their marriage date-December 5, 1887, Mary was off by
only one year, and December 1887 was pretty close to 1888. That suggests to
me that John and Mary married very shortly after she immigrated. They may
even have come from the same place, or at least nearby. The marriage may
have been arranged by the two families before she emigrated.
John died between 1910 and 1920, since by the latter census, Mary was a
The census records are pretty consistent in saying they spoke Slovak.
What may be more important, is that they all indicate that John was
naturalized. Since he moved to Washington State, his naturalization may have
taken place there. There should be a file on him. See
http://www.uscis.gov/files/form/g-639.pdf. If you are lucky, they may
contain a place of birth.
As for his immigration records, it is unfortunate that most early manifests
do not give the sorts of detailed information that later ones do. I found a
Janos Ondek, 20, immigrated January 27, 1882, from Hungary.
Janos Onder, 22, immigrated March 27, 1883, from Bohemia to
Janos Ondiez, 23, immigrated January 15, 1882, from Hungary.
Janos Ondisch (probably Ondisek), 25, immigrated September 4,
Janos Ondreckki (probably Ondreschki), 26, immigrated January
15, 1883, from Hungary.
Janos Ondyk, 17, immigrated July 13, 1883, from Hungary.
There is no way I know of to be certain if one or any of these are your
John. In any case, none gives any useful information as to his place of
birth. Par for the course for these relatively early immigrants.
Nevertheless, I think I have determined with some confidence the general
area that he immigrated from. His name when he emigrated was most likely
Ondek, but also possibly Ondecek/Ondecsek. A review of all immigrants with
those names shows that the majority of them came from villages in old Saros
county, Hungary. A somewhat fewer number came from villages in Szepes. These
villages for the most part today lie between the towns of Bardejov and
Presov. Today's phone directory for Slovakia shows that there are still
folks with those names living in that area:
Ondek in Presov
Vranov nad Toplou
Lucka (probably the one in that area;
there are several in Slovakia)
Ondecek in Bardejov
Mary is more difficult. There are many ways her name could be spelled or
mistranscribed, and the possibilities do not group themselves well like
Ondek and Ondecek. I found only two immigration records that might be
Maria Zurinda, immigrated in 1900 from "Favadka," which is most likely
Zavadka. Although you can find it on a current map of Slovakia, LDS states
that Zavadka and Zatkovce were merged in 1991 to form Geraltov. This is not
far from Raslavice.
In 1901, Josef Zurenda immigrated from what was transcribed as Hushuineso.
This is a nonsense place, but it might actually be Hradiszko, now Hradisko,
right next to Zavadka. The manifest is not available, so I couldn't check it
I do not mean to suggest that I have found the birth places for John and
Mary. However, Greek Catholic records are available on microfilm through LDS
for Geraltov, Hradisko, Raslavice, and many of the other villages in the
area. I think it would be worthwhile for you to take a look at those three
villages in particular on the off chance that you might find them there.
It's at least better than no chance at all.
I do wish you well in your difficult search.
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]