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Dating the second serfdom in Hungary.

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  • Andrea Vangor
    It starts in the 16th century, or earlier. This author, Nigel Swain, has a good monograph on line at www.liv.ac.uk/history/research/cee_pdfs/WP01v2.pdf
    Message 1 of 2 , Jul 29, 2007
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      It starts in the 16th century, or earlier. This author, Nigel Swain, has a good monograph on line at www.liv.ac.uk/history/research/cee_pdfs/WP01v2.pdf

      "Hungary falls within that eastern part of Europe which underwent the 'second
      serfdom'. While, in western Europe, the manorial system slowly disappeared between

      the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, in Europe east of the Elbe, from about the fifteenth

      century, a process of increasing serfdom set in2. In Hungary, even though money rents

      had begun to replace feudal labour service and dues in kind over the fourteenth and

      fifteenth centuries, during the sixteenth century the situation was reversed and

      increasingly onerous labour services were re-imposed3. The reasons for this

      divergence in development between east and west Europe are still the subject of

      debate. Nevertheless it would seem to be connected with the growth of towns in

      western Europe and the changing centre of gravity of world trade towards the

      Atlantic. The urban centres of western Europe required grain: the eastern parts of

      Europe could supply it. Because towns were not yet so well developed in the East, the

      non-agricultural population requiring support was relatively small, and the

      agricultural population correspondingly large. Increased exploitation of these existing

      labour reserves in the form of the re-imposition the well-tried institutions of serfdom

      was a, thus, a rational strategy for generating an increased surplus for export to the

      West."




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    • James McGrath
      I d like to nominate Janet Kozlay. There, now we have two names... :) ____________________________________________________________________________________
      Message 2 of 2 , Jul 31, 2007
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        I'd like to nominate Janet Kozlay.

        There, now we have two names... :)




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