Serfs were not slaves. Their persons were not "owned," only their labor.
They could not, for instance, be bought and sold. For much of the feudal
period, especially in early times, they were tied to the land and were not
permitted to leave it without permission of the landowner. If the landowner
sold his land, the serfs went with it. Since one of the perquisites of the
nobility was that they were not taxed, the tax burden fell on the serfs.
That is why the census recorded how large their property was, and at least
later, what buildings were on their property, what animals they owned, etc.
Behalf Of Carl Kotlarchik
Sent: Thursday, December 08, 2005 7:44 PM
Subject: [S-R] Re: Urbaria et Conscriptions
So, what does the word "jobbagy" mean in these records? Were serfs
taxable property? Do these records index people as taxable
--- In SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com
, "Bill Tarkulich"
> "Urbaria et Consription" = Feudal Property Census
> - a listing of all taxable property in the kingdom. These Census
> done with great regularity. It is not intended to be a population
> though it does contain some aspects thereof - heads of household,
> property owners.
> Many of these records are available online (in Latin of course)
> Bill Tarkulich
> On Thu, December 8, 2005 2:59 pm, Carl Kotlarchik said:
> > Does anyone know what the "Urbaria et Consription" records are?
> > Thanks,
> > Carl Kotlarchik
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> Bill Tarkulich
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