- Hungarian, Czech, and Slovak don't use the letter W in names,
only in foreign words. Usually the letter V is used instead.
Spis^ská Nová Ves (Sv) Igló (H) Zipser Neudorf (G)
Smiz^any (Sv) Szepessümeg (H)
Iglaw and Szesoni was probably an attempt to spell Igló in
Polish or German ?
Letters i/y are interchangeable and no difference in sound,
it is just a matter of spelling.
This region has a fascinating history.
Germans, Slovaks, Rusyns, Croatians, Hungarians, and Poles.
Don't know which group settled here first in 12th, 14th, and 16th
Among the earliest German colonies were those begun in the late
12th c in the mountainous area of Szepes/ Spis^/Zips county.
In most Slavic languages and Hungarian, the letter J is pron. Y.
Perhaps, Juhasz, Juhas, Yuhas, Yudhaz etc.
Also spent a year at a regional NARA researching Slavic surname
census enumeration microfilms for SW PA.
For the coal mining region of Fayette Co and Westmoreland Co located
Only the 1920 U.S. Census reflected the political changes that had
occurred in Europe after WW I.
Due to the political changes, beginning with the 1920 U.S. Census,
the term Slovakland was used to denote surname Slovak ethnicity.
In 1920, a newly-formed country of Czechoslovakia was created from the
Austrian Crownlands (Bohemia, Moravia and Austrian-Silesia) and a
portion of Upper-Hungary (Slovakia and Karpatho-Ukraine).
(Until this time there was no country called "Czechoslovakia", or a
Before 1920, Austria, Hungary, Austro-Hung, AH, Austria-Hungary etc.
have been used in the 1900/1910 U.S. Censuses.
The LDS-Mormons have filmed the parish church records for Spis^ská
R.C. (1626-1895) SNV
R.C. (1744-1896) Smiz^any
G.C. (1743-1895) listed with Zavar