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Re: Where was Luka ?

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  • Frank
    Dan Before WW I, Slovakia was part of Upper Hungary (Felvidék) and part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918) and earlier a part of Hungary under the
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 26, 2005

      Before WW I, Slovakia was part of Upper Hungary (Felvidék) and
      part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918) and earlier a
      part of Hungary under the Austrian Empire.
      Hungarian names were used for towns and counties.

      Czech-Bohemia (including Moravia 1849-1918) was a kingdom
      (10th century-1918) and part of the Österreichisch-ungarische
      Monarchie, or in English, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
      It was an Austrian Kronland (province)
      Both German and Czech languages were used.

      Mähren => Maehren => Marin => Moravia.
      Mähren was an Austrian Crownland located East of Böhmen (Bohemia).
      Its capital was Brünn (Brno).
      Mähren had been a separate crownland until 1849 when it became a part
      of Böhmen (Bohemia) together with Österreichisch-Schleisen

      The Austrian Habsburgs, accustomed to being imperial, assumed the
      title of Emperor of Austria in 1804. Later, the "dual-monarchy" was
      established, with the Habsburgs as Emperors of Austria and Kings of
      Hungary, the combined realm being known as "Austria-Hungary".

      Kingdom of Hungary was not a part of Austria.

      Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks War, June 15–Aug. 23, 1866, between
      Prussia, allied with Italy, and Austria, seconded by Bavaria,
      Württemberg, Saxony, Hanover, Baden, and several smaller German
      states. It was deliberately provoked by Bismarck,
      over the objections of his king, in order to expel Austria from the
      German Confederation as a step toward the unification of Germany under
      Prussian dominance.
      The pretext for precipitating the conflict was found in the dispute
      between Prussia and Austria over the administration of
      Schleswig-Holstein. When Austria brought the dispute before the German
      diet and also decided to convene the Holstein diet, Prussia,
      declaring that the Gastein Convention had thereby been nullified,
      invaded Holstein.
      When the German diet responded by voting for a partial mobilization
      against Prussia, Bismarck declared that the German Confederation was
      ended. With an efficient military machine that amazed Europe, Prussia
      overran the German states allied with
      Austria and crushed (July 3) the Austrians at Sadowa (Königgrätz), in
      E. Bohemia.
      However, Bismarck had no intention of weakening Austria, a potential
      ally, more than necessary. The preliminary treaty of Nikolsburg (July
      26) was followed (Aug. 23) by the Treaty of Prague. Against Italy, the
      Austrians had won victories on the land, at Custozza, and on the sea,
      at Lissa. Nevertheless, the peace treaty forced Austria to cede
      Venetia to Italy. Prussia, satisfied with the exclusion, acknowledged
      in the treaty, of Austria from German affairs, demanded no territory
      from Austria, but annexed Hanover, Hesse, Nassau, and Frankfurt, in
      addition to Schleswig-Holstein.
      The battle of Sadowa, was fought near Königgrätz (G), Bohemia (now
      Hradec Králové (Cz), located 61 miles east of Praha (Prague), CR.

      There are 5 places called Luka in the the Czech Republic (once
      There was a Lukó (H) now Lukov just west of Bardejov,Slovakia.
      There are several Lukavica located in Slovakia.
      Since you want a S^aris^ (Sk) Sáros megye (county),Hungary connection
      expect you want Lukavica (Sk) Lukawicza/Lukavicza/Lúka/Kislankás
      located just east of Bardejov or Lukov above ?
      In which case there is no connection to your surname and its origin
      in Czech-Bohemia and the Austro-Prussian War of 1866.

      Online Ellis Island Records (EIR) list 118 surname Blandar who had
      emigrated to the USA from Hungary, Slovakia, Czechoslovakia.

      For example, in 1906 a Erzsébet (H) Elizabeth Blandar, age 18 (b.
      about 1888), single, maid servant, Magyar, had emigrated to her
      friend's Zsofia (H) Sophia Borbala address at 10 W. 113 th Street
      Elizabeth's Last Residence was Luka, Hungary (not her birth place ?)
      Lu'ka (Lukavica) or Luko' (Lukov) located near Bardejov, Slovakia
      and about 254 miles distant from the site of the battle fought in
      eastern Bohemia in 1866.

      Frank K
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