4782Re: [S-R] Use of 2 Surnames?
- Oct 13, 2001I have seen this type of thing in my own family. There it indicated a
process of surname adoption from a female ancestor. This occurred in some
cases when a woman inherited property and it was passed down to her
Another possibility is that the man in question was adopted, or his mother
remarried, or some such thing. I would research his own family tree and see
what you find in the previous generation or two. In my family, it was the
grandchildren and later descendants who adopted their grandmother's surname.
I have also seen cases where a man married a widow and adopted the surname
of her first husband.
I have not done a great deal of research on this question of surname
adoption, but believe that it may be an outcome of the peasant system,
officially abolished in 1848 but lingering on in local customs. Under the
peasant system, a family did not own property outright, but had a sort of
title to the use of land based on custom and status. If it was the Vangor
farm, for example, and a daughter inherited part of the rights to it, then
her husband's children would take the Vangor surname if they were living
there and working the property.
Keep track of the house numbers in the villages where your people lived --
these were usually recorded in church documents in the latter part of the
19th century. It may explain some of these mysteries to know who was living
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Saturday, October 13, 2001 6:20 PM
Subject: [S-R] Use of 2 Surnames?
> I have the following situation: all events recorded in R.C. registers of
> Vranov Nad Top'lou. The people involved lived in Hencovce (Henczocz).
> Capitalization of names is mine - not in registers. What is the
> of PALENCSIK?
> On 21 November, 1866 Michael TOMASOV aged 35 widower married Anna SIMKO
> aged 18 single person
> On 31 August, 1869 a son John was bapt. Parents are recorded as Mich.
> and Anna SIMKO
> On 29 October, 1871 a son Michael was bapt. Parents are recorded as
> TOMASOV and Anna SIMKO
> On 1 January, 1874 a daughter Maria was bapt. Parents are recorded as
> PALENSIK TOMAS and Anna SIMKO
> On 26 June, 1882 a son John was bapt. Parents are recorded as TOMAS
> Mihaly and SIMKO Anna
> On 4 June, 1885 a daughter Helen was bapt. Parents are recorded as TOMAS
> PALENCSIK Mihaly and SIMKO Anna
> On 15 September, 1885 the daughter Helen was buried. Parents are recorded
> TOMAS PALENCSIK Mihaly and SIMKO Anna.
> On 21 April, 1886 the wife Anna SIMKO was buried, aged 39. Her husbamd is
> recorded as TOMAS PALENCSIK Mihaly.
> I do need to re-check the registers for additional events, but back to my
> original question. Is PALENCSIK being used to differentiate villagers of
> same first and last name, a mother's maiden name? Perhaps something
> with the switch to using Hungarian to keep the registers. Adding
> info., there are at least two other TOMAS males appearing in the registers
> the 1870's with either a "middle" name PALENCSIK or the note TOMASOV alias
> Apologies for being long winded, but any thoughts or suggestions would be
> most appreciated.
> Adrian Fenton
> Wexford, PA
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