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22760RE: [S-R] Szarka/Krizsek

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  • Janet Kozlay
    Jun 12, 2009
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      In addition to Michael's information, the Hungarian spelled Szarka and
      Slovak spelled Sarka are both relatively common in the Slovak phone
      directory (168 and 127, respectively; also, 75 Szarkovas and 29 Sarkovas).
      They are even more common in the Hungarian phone directory-both spellings
      occur in Hungary in excess of 500 entries. To confuse the issue even
      further, if you look at the census records for 1910 and 1920, where country
      of birth and language spoken are both listed, there is no strong correlation
      between spelling and language spoken. That is, you will find Szarkas
      speaking Slovak and Sarkas speaking Hungarian. In addition, you will find
      mixed families where the husband spoke one language and the wife the other.
      In truth, many immigrants from historic Hungary were at least bilingual and
      probably most commonly spoke the language of the neighborhood in which they

      The fact that Szarka (and Szarkova) is found more frequently than Sarka (and
      Sarkova) suggests, but does not prove, that it may have Hungarian origins.
      The name means magpie in both languages.

      If this is an important issue for you, I suggest that you find the U.S.
      census records for the family and see what language they reported using.

      In contrast, Krizsek/Krizek is quite rare in Hungary (Krizsek 7 phone
      directory entries, Krizek 1 entry).



      From: SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com [mailto:SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Michael Mojher
      Sent: Friday, June 12, 2009 12:30 PM
      To: SLOVAK-ROOTS@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: Re: [S-R] Szarka/Krizsek

      Historically the present day Slovakia was for 900 years ruled over by
      Hungary. It was referred to as Upper Hungary. After WW I Czechoslovakia was
      created. The two territories only connection to one another was
      linguistically. In 1993 Slovakia finally got its independence.
      While under Hungarian rule the Slovaks kept their identity. In the late
      1800's the Hungarians had a policy called Magyarization where they wanted
      only the Hungarian language used. This meant that Slovaks had their names
      entered into records with Hungarian spellings. One of the signals for a
      Hungarian name or word is the use of "sz' and "zs". Because they happen to
      be in your surnames does not mean they identified with being Hungarian. Your
      ancestral villages were in Slovak territory. Which would make them most
      likely Slovak. If you know which language they spoke that could clarify
      whether they were Hungarian or Slovak.
      If you recall, I did not find anyone in Slovakia with the surname Krizsek,
      but there was the spelling Krizek. This would lead me to believe that Krizek
      is the correct spelling of your surname.
      Since Szarka still exists in Slovakia in great numbers and it has a
      Hungarian spelling I would presume it is a Hungarian surname. If the family
      had lived in the Slovak territory, spoke Slovak and identified themselves as
      being Slovak then they would be a Hungarian-Slovak. Hungarians did live and
      still do live in Slovak territory.
      As for finding your Szarka family in Germany. Do a search for German
      Genealogical websites and approach them as you did us. They would know the
      ins and outs for Germany. If your family communicated with one another their
      might be a letter or address book that can give you that all important
      "where" in Germany.

      From: sheils@... <mailto:sheils%40att.net>
      Sent: Friday, June 12, 2009 5:58 AM
      To: SLOVAK-ROOTS@ <mailto:SLOVAK-ROOTS%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [S-R] Szarka/Krizsek

      I have to assume that the ancestor's my family would have descended from
      where Hungarian then. My mother gave me the spelling of her granmothers
      maiden name from an obit. so I believe that to be correct. I am also aware
      of Szarka's that are possibly living in Germany. My mother states her Uncle
      Joseph Szarka married a German woman after WWII and settled in Germany to
      live. He has since past, but last I knew his wife was still alive. Of course
      that was over 15 years ago. I am fairly positive that they had children. I
      even met my Uncle Joseph once when he came to the states but I was very
      young at the time. I think he may have come over in 1979. Does anyone know
      of Szarka's currently living in Germany?


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