- Jan 2, 2006Could anyone explain some things about the hierachy in farm villages
in the 1800s? Vladimir Bohinc has written a bit about it on Bill
Tarkulich's web-site but I am wondering about things like marriage
practices between people of different social status.
I also admit to still being a bit confused over all the terms used
to describe farmers, tradesmen and herdsmen. For example, what is
the difference between jobbagy, colonus, zseller, foldmuves, rolik,
gazda, and sedliak? I have found most of these terms in the records
I have been searching. Some appear to own land and others seem to
work for the land owners. I also see the term "szolga" which
translates to man servant but what exactly did they do? Were szolga
the same as podludnik or subinquilini?
Would it be common for a family listed as a jobbagy or colonus to
marry with someone from a family of pasztor? What about tradesmen
and others like szolga and men in the army? Who was free to move
around and who was tied to the land or nobility? Could a herdsman
or a tradesman change occupations freely? Discussions about these
kinds of questions would be very useful to help understand the times
I am reading as much as I can about the culture but so much seems
contradictory. Many individuals in this forum have been so helpful
explaining these things to those of us who are less knowledgeable.
My thanks to all of you.
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