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TALC land use meeting, hybrids and more

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  • asha.weinstein@sjsu.edu
    ... Stuart Cohen 05/10/2004 04:07 PM To: TALC activists cc: Subject: TALC land use meeting,
    Message 1 of 1 , May 11, 2004
      ----- Forwarded by Asha Weinstein/SJSU on 05/11/2004 11:22 AM -----

      Stuart Cohen <stuart@...>
      05/10/2004 04:07 PM

      To: TALC activists <stuart@...>
      Subject: TALC land use meeting, hybrids and more

      Transportation and Land Use Coalition (TALC)

      1. TALC land use campaign meeting -- Friday, May14, 12 noon to 1:30 p.m. -

      Come to the meeting, call-in, or send e-mail comments. The draft policy is

      included below.

      2. TALC opposes AB 2628 -- the bill to allow hybrids in HOV lanes --
      looking for a volunteer to help spearhead quick legislative effort to
      change or defeat the bill. (memo on website by May 12.) Respond by e-mail
      if interested.

      TALC Land Use Campaign:
      Draft policy for conditioning regional transit funds.
      May 3, 2004

      Providing a broad range of housing and transportation choices is critical
      to preserving the environment, promoting social equity, and maintaining a
      sound economy. Recent studies have shown that residents in
      developments are five times more likely to use transit than other people
      their communities. Yet so many of the region's major transit investments
      are now surrounded by big box retail, drive-through fast food, and other
      uses that don't support the transit investment or provide housing. In
      response, TALC's primary land use campaign in 2004 is to ensure that MTC
      condition funds for major transit expansion projects on supportive land

      Greenbelt Alliance, Nonprofit Housing Association (NPH) and TALC staff
      been facilitating a process to develop specific criteria that cities would

      have to meet before regional funding for their transit expansion programs
      would be allocated. Outreach has included three workgroup meetings and
      breakout sessions at the summit. At the last regional meeting, there were
      many good comments, and also some important issues were brought up that
      warrant further consideration before we can finalize the recommended
      criteria (which are included below).

      Three ways to participate:
      1. Come to the meeting -- On May 14, from 12 to 1:30 p.m. we will
      a meeting to finalize the platform. The meeting will be held at TALC's
      offices at 405 14th St., Suite 605, Oakland.
      2. Call in to the May 14 meeting -- call 1-888-215-5132 after the
      prompt press 614955
      3. E-mail comments -- Comments on the platform could also be sent to

      TALC Land Use Campaign Next Steps:
      · Finalizing the platform (in May) and sending it around to TALC
      members & others for Endorsements
      · Gathering Endorsements in May-June
      · Presenting it to key MTC staff/commissioners at some sort of
      official "launch"
      · Continuing advocacy efforts

      · Meet with elected officials
      · Begin grassroots campaign with letter writing etc.
      · Release policy paper that backs up the platform

      Winter 2005:
      · Attend MTC Board Meeting and testify
      · Hold Press Conference highlighting the need for this plan
      · Submit Letters to the editor supporting the plan

      Proposed Criteria
      These recommendations would promote land use patterns consistent with the
      Smart Growth Vision, patterns that promote social equity, a better
      environment and a sound economy. The primary focus of the criteria is on:
      · Promoting transit-oriented development at existing and new rail
      stations and along heavily used bus corridors.
      · Encouraging housing construction near transit, with a strong
      affordability component
      · Protecting open space and discouraging sprawl development
      · Ensuring transit investments are supported by sufficient housing
      and job density as well as good design and reduced parking requirements.

      Section I: Appropriate Land Uses and Densities Around Transit Stations &
      1. Encourage transit-oriented development surrounding transit
      and along transit corridors, improve accessibility to transit, and
      transit ridership, by providing for higher density / higher intensity
      pedestrian and transit friendly development in areas near transit stops.
      2. Encourage transit-oriented development that incorporates a mix of
      residential, commercial, and employment opportunities.

      1. Jurisdictions shall designate land uses within a certain radius of

      a transit station or stop (see table below) so as to protect these areas
      from incompatible and low density development and to encourage uses
      o Higher density residential and/or higher density residential /
      mixed-use projects:
      o Neighborhood-serving retail and community services that primarily
      draw from within the zoning district and do not rely upon generating
      vehicular traffic;
      o Job-generating commercial and office development.
      Type of TransitDistance from Transit StopDensity Required for
      Residentially-Zoned Land*
      Regional Rail; FerryWithin 1/2 Mile RadiusMinimum Net Density of 25 du /
      acre; Avg. Net Density of 35 du/ acre
      Light Rail/DMUWithin 1/3 Mile RadiusMinimum Net Density of 20 du / ac;
      Net Density of 30 du/ acre
      Bus Rapid TransitWithin a 200-yard RadiusMinimum Net Density of 12 du/
      acre; Avg. Net Density of 18 du/ acre
      *Other than existing Single Family neighborhoods, as described in #2 below
      2. Existing single-family residential areas will be exempt from this
      density requirement described in (1.) above; however, the density
      requirement applies to commercial or mixed-use streets and/or parcels that

      may bound such single-family homes.
      3. Jurisdictions shall ensure that development requirements for such
      transit-supportive uses (e.g. requirements for lot size, FAR, height,
      setbacks, and parking) do not affect the ability of developers to achieve
      the densities specified in section 1. Evidence that jurisdictions have
      designated such land uses will consist, at minimum, of General Plan or
      Specific Plan designations and zoning regulations supporting such land
      4. Auto-oriented uses and regional-serving retail that relies on
      generating substantial vehicular traffic are incompatible and not
      appropriate land uses within 1/3 mile of a regional transit station. Thus
      stand alone big box retail and drive-through uses are not permitted.
      5. A community planning process shall be part of establishing
      rail transit zones, if such community participation and input has not been

      previously solicited for such purposes.
      Section II: Infill Housing and Housing Affordability
      1. Provide a wide range in pricing structure of units that will be
      sold or leased, and have at least 20% of the units priced for lower and
      moderate-income households.
      2. Provide a mix of housing types and sizes (apartments, condos,
      townhouses, small-lot single family; studios, 1BR, 2BR, 3BR, etc.)
      1. Because of the critical need for housing, at least 50% of the
      developable land within 1/2 mile of a Regional transit station or stop
      shall be designated for higher density residential and/or higher density
      residential / mixed-use projects (the first use listed in Section I,
      paragraph (1) above).
      2. Jurisdictions must have an inclusionary housing policy requiring
      20% of the units be provided for very low/low income households.

      Section III: Retail
      1. Provide for neighborhood-serving retail that is primarily
      by households and office workers within 1/2-mile radius for retail and
      1/4-mile radius for BRT. Prevent incompatible uses such as big box and
      other regional retail that generates vehicular traffic and discourages
      transit use.
      1. Prohibited retail includes stand alone, big box retail larger than

      50,000 square feet and drive-throughs.
      2. Retail within a 1/2 mile of a new rail station should aim to
      provide 30,000 to 60,000 square feet of retail and should not exceed
      120,000 square feet. For BRT, 15,000 square feet of retail is recommended
      at each stop and should not exceed 50,000 square feet within 1/4 mile.

      Section IV: Office
      1. Provide for the appropriate amount of office and services to
      encourage transit ridership through pedestrian and transit-oriented
      1. Prohibited uses include warehouse and light industrial.
      2. Aim for median employment densities at 20-50 employees per gross
      acre, a density that encourages transit ridership. In order to achieve
      these densities allow for a maximum of 2 million square feet of commercial

      space within 1/2 mile of rail station.
      3. The FAR for bus rapid transit is 2.0 and for rail 4.0.

      Section V: Parking
      1. To minimize the amount of land that is dedicated to parking, while
      providing sufficient access to the stations.
      1. Station Area Parking at Rail Stations: surface parking is
      prohibited and structured parking is allowed at rail stations.
      2. Neighborhood retail/entertainment: Joint use off-street parking is

      encouraged and allowed for adjacent uses having staggered peak periods of
      3. Residential development: local governments may not require minimum

      parking requirements over 1 space per unit for studios and one-bedrooms or

      1.5 spaces per unit for 2 bedroom and larger units. For senior housing,
      minimum parking requirements may not exceed 1/4 space per unit.
      4. (Does this policy, or the one above, make more sense?) Minimum
      parking requirements must be eliminated with ¼__ mile of the station, or
      reduced by at least xxx% to reflect the transit resource. Reductions must
      also be granted to developments that incorporate City CarShare, offer free

      transit passes, implement shared parking, etc. etc. (need to include full
      list from Housing Shortage/Parking Surplus. Possibly also maximum parking
      ratios that would be defined following the parking study of anticipated
      5. BRT corridor: The transit agency and its local government partner
      shall conduct a parking demand management study for the corridor and use
      the results to set the parking standards for the corridor as a whole.

      Section VI: Pedestrian & Bike Friendly Environment
      1. To encourage transit ridership and bicycle and pedestrian activity

      by providing high levels of access, safety, and continuity for pedestrians

      and bicyclists in the transit area.
      1. Sidewalks shall be provided on both sides of all streets within 1
      mile of the transit stop. When a street grid or other dense network is not

      available, pedestrian linkages should be provided to maintain walking
      continuity. Cul-de-sacs, loop roads, and similar treatments that disrupt
      pedestrian and bicycle continuity should incorporate pedestrian linkages
      and "cut-throughs" to adjoining development.
      2. All sidewalks within a 1-mile radius of the transit stop shall
      at least a 3' wide clearance. On major commercial strips, wider sidewalks
      and associated sidewalk amenities such as street trees, cafes, benches,
      canopies, and bus shelters are encouraged, but at all times, the minimum
      wide clearance is maintained free of furnishings. Do we need to
      in existing sidewalks?
      3. A network of bicycle lanes or paths shall be provided within a
      1-mile radius of BRT transit stops.

      Transportation and Land Use Coalition (TALC)
      TALC is a partnership of over 90 groups working for a sustainable and
      socially just Bay Area. We envision a region with healthy, vibrant,
      walkable communities that provide all residents with transportation
      and affordable housing. The coalition analyzes county and regional
      policies, works with community groups to develop alternatives, and
      coordinates grassroots campaigns.

      We rely on donations to provide Coalition Updates, Action Alerts, and
      services. Please consider making a donation to TALC via the secure Donate
      to TALC page of our website at:
      http://www.transcoalition.org/about/about_donate.html, or send a check
      payable to TALC at: 405 14th Street, Suite 605, Oakland, CA 94612.

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      Transportation and Land Use Coalition (TALC)
      TALC is a partnership of over 90 groups working for a sustainable and
      socially just Bay Area. We envision a region with healthy, vibrant,
      walkable communities that provide all residents with transportation
      and affordable housing. The coalition analyzes county and regional
      policies, works with community groups to develop alternatives, and
      coordinates grassroots campaigns.

      Check out our website at: www.transcoalition.org

      510.740.3150 voice
      510.740.3131 fax
      405 14th Street, Suite 605
      Oakland, CA 94612
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