Re: [SCA-Milliners] Re: Durer portrait hat
- mushroom. Definately looks like a mushroom to me.
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- Hello all,
I'm new to the list as of today, but have some information on this
headress. I've been studying 16th Century Germanic costume the past
couple of years and here's what I've learned:
The book Textiler Hausrat, Kleidung und Haustextilien in Nurnberg von
1500-1650 by Jutta Zander-Seidel, the textile curator at the
Germanische National Museum in Nurnberg, shows this very picture of
Frau Tucher to discuss this style of headgear which, in this
instance, she calls a Steuchlein. She sites several wills and
inventories that include mention of Steuchlein(s). She goes on to
tell about the undercap, at least in several examples, that is called
a Wulsthauben or Wulste (umlaut on the u), that together with the
cotton, wool, linen or silk veil, usually sheer, (Schleier) makes up
the Steuchlein. She also includes an example of the Wulsthauben from
another Durer drawing dated 1503. Let me know if you want me to post
a scan in the files! She sites the inventory of one Maria Sitzinger
where it can be determined that the complete steuchlein consisted of
an undercap and a veil. Other spellings include stuhha and stauche.
I personally think that besides the Wulstlein, which, in the example
shown appears to be a formed and felted cap, that it is not a far
stretch to look at the intricate turban (gebende) of the 15th century
to speculate that some of the foundation pieces are merely formed and
stuffed padded rolls attached to a solid cap to keep in on the head.
My humble opinion, but information on these caps seems somewhat
sparse! And it seems that the mushroom hat is an apt description,
but I like scallion head on some of the more extreme examples :-)
When the veil (perhaps a second, not sheer) covers the head and goes
around the chin, the name of the headgear becomes the bundlein, which
was appropriate church wear. On another note, related for church
wear was the intricately folded and pinned (I always think the flying
nun)veil headress, called the Sturz.
In general, the German word Haube, generally meaning cap or coif can
also be used as a name for the cap.
--- In SCA-Milliners@y..., "mary_m_haselbauer"
> Any ideas of a good name to call this hat. When I wore mine to a
> that was almost the most popular question.