Re: [SCA-Milliners] hat construction theories/felt
- In a message dated 4/29/01 6:01:53 PM Central Daylight Time,
>Those of you with experience in felting know that the rougher you are with
> Irmele von Grünsberg wrote:
> > I know that mercury was used to stiffen felt in the 19th century.
> > Does anyone know how long felt has been used for hats? The beauty
> > of felt is that it can be steamed and re-shaped (in case of rain
> > or being sat on).
> There is a felt sugarloaf hat among the Greenland bog finds, and many
> depictions of what appears to me to be felted wool in illuminations. I am
> one who will firmly say felt is period.
> Mercury was used in felting to "roughen" the smooth fibers of animals such
> as beaver, and certain rabbits, so it would adhere to neighboring fibers.
> This process is called carrotting, and obviously is no longer done.
> Sheep's wool fibers don't need carrotting. (Also, rarely in period
> references is the type of wool specified--don't always assume when you read
> about wool, it was sheep's wool.)
> wool hat batt, the "harder" and stiffer the felt will become. An 8" tall------Dejaniera,
> German hat I did on commission, is still in service, and upity, after four
> years. For most hats harder felt will hold up better, unless you want a
> softer, squishier finish. If you have a hat outlet/factory close to you,
> sometimes you can buy seconds, and have your way with them. Wetting and
> shaping is so easy with commercial hat blanks. But go easy--they shrink
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
>>Thus the expression, "mad as a hatter."
>> Mercury was used in felting to "roughen" the smooth fibers of animals such
>> as beaver, and certain rabbits, so it would adhere to neighboring fibers.
>> This process is called carrotting, and obviously is no longer done.