Re: Viking Age appliqué
- View SourceJust a technical point, there is a difference between fulled and
felted wools (as has already been mentioned here), but there is very
little evidence for felt in Scandinavia, compared to the amount of
fulled wools available.*
Apparently (I haven't checked the original source, or the new Oseberg
book) there is a woollen applique, but it is just a rectangular
piece, not an elaborately shaped roundel. Not to mention, there is no
guarantee that it was attached to an item of clothing like a coat.
On the attendants' gown, although, once again, I haven't been able to
track down the NESAT article mentioned, there are appliques in wool in
the shape of animal heads. But that was only on the dress layer, not
on a coat or apron dress, and only on a early Viking-age 9th c. find.
I'm not sure it could be extrapolated to other layers of dress, or
Source: "Dress in Anglo Saxon England" [Revised edition] by Gale
"Finally some small applications in the blue tabby should be
mentioned. Several of them represent animal figures, but they are also
So, there is one or two examples of Viking-age appliques of wool, but
they both come from the same boat-grave find, and it seems they were
small, and it's implied they aren't as complex as the appliques modern
people think of when they hear the word.
Hope that helps a little, I've included some more information about
* Source: Judith Jesch [ed] "The Scandinavians from the Vendel Period
to the Tenth Century" (Boydell Press, 2001) SBN: 9780851158679
At the end of each chapter, there is a 'discussion' between the
different archaeologists/specialists, and this is on pages 149-50
Bender: It is very conspicuous and that among thousands of textile
finds I have recorded from all over Scandinavia, only one or two were
of felt. These were found with Roman Hemmoor bronze buckets and, I
suppose, came to Scandinavia with these.
Ausenda: What were the felts used for?
Bender: I think felt was part of the range of textiles produced for
the Roman army. I am working on the textiles from a Roman quarry in
the Egyptian desert, the Mons Claudianus. Here some 50,000 to 100,000
textiles have been found, dated within the first half of the second
century.... The textiles comprise much felt, always uniform in
quality, 3mm thick, sometimes dyed, eg. green, occasionally with
elaborate applique in several colours. Some of the
felts were used for padded clothes, others probably served as saddle
blankets for horses or donkeys. Felt may be used for a lot of
purposes, but for some reason very little of it seems to have reached
--- In SCA-Garb@yahoogroups.com, "faern1" <natch@...> wrote:
> I suggest wool felt for applique.