Re: [SCA-Archery] Re: Archery Proposal
>I am not claiming that speed rounds were introduced due to the presence of
crossbows, only that they have for years been stated to be a means of
balancing the differences between hand bows and crossbows. A perfect
example of this is Nigel's earlier message. I remember shooting the
advancing man at Pennsic One which is a variety of a timed shoot and that
was well before I ever saw a crossbow at an SCA event. The first crossbow
to show up at Pennsic, as far as I can remember, was a Whamo at Pennsic three.
>Jim Koch (Gladius The Alchemist)
> At 04:30 PM 4/1/2006, you wrote:
>Actually, the origin of speed ends had no relation to handbow vs.
>crossbow. They were included to simulate the pressures of combat
>where getting off a mass volley of arrows into a mass target as
>quickly as possible was important. Accuracy counted less than number
>of arrows. Crossbows were talked about for several years before I
>saw one actually shoot but speed ends were there all the time.
>At 12:22 PM 4/1/2006, you wrote:
> > >
> > >But... skill is the overriding factor in any contest, regardless of tackle
> > >type. Skill, and also factors at which handbows have the advantage over
> > >crossbows. While crossbows are more stable platforms, and more powerful
> > >bows, they are much, much slower than handbows. So, anyone designing a
> > >course allowing both types need only put in a pinpoint accuracy round,
> > >which will favour X-bows, and a speed round, which will favour handbows,
> > >in order to achieve a balanced result.
> >Nigel is partially correct. This business of including a speed portion to
> >any competition is a tradition in SCA shoots, but doesn't really solve the
> >problem. In the early days, if a guy with a crossbow showed up and shot,
> >he probably won the competition. So speed rounds were tacked on to
> >competitions without any real consideration given to the balance
> >point. In other words, how many seconds of speed round are needed to
> >offset the advantage the crossbow has at a target un-timed with 6
> >arrows. My guess is by randomly sticking in a 30 second speed round you
> >wind up with a competition where one or the other bow type has the
> >advantage. In the early days the speed round probably let the hand bow
> >shooters win. Then more and more crossbows began appearing on the range
> >and makers began designing them for speed. This is why so many crossbows
> >have low poundage prods and self resetting nuts or thumb lever
> >releases. Crossbow shooters also began learning to shoot fast. A much
> >easier solution is to let the crossbows and handbows shoot side by side,
> >but simply tabulate the scores separately and provide two prizes, one for
> >each category. This makes the contest entirely fair regardless whether or
> >not a speed round is included.
> > >As an example of the comparison between the two, I need look no further
> > >than the Winter Challenge postal shoot which I have administered for a
> > >number of years now. As I say above, X-bows tend to cluster high in scores
> > >(which is why I provide in-class divisions, so shooters can compare their
> > >scores with those using the same type of equipage). But the highest scores
> > >of all have consistently been achieved by recurves. Some years ago the
> > >record was a startling 256. Then early this year it became a dizzying 293.
> > >Now, the same guy who got that has handed in a numbing 306. I never
> > >thought I'd see the day when 300 would be surpassed, but it now has (mind
> > >you, this is from a guy whose Royal Round average - average, please note,
> > >not all-time high - is in the low 150's). He got this 306 by loosing 15
> > >and 16 arrows respectively in the two clocked rounds (30 second timed). I
> > >seriously doubt that any crossbowman could possibly get that many bolts
> > >off in that amount of time. All three of t!
> > > hese records were gained using recurves in the high 30's for poundage.
> > >
> > >Nigel
> >There is another problem with using SCA shoots to compare the merits of
> >various types of equipment which should be discussed. SCA shoots like the
> >royal round and Winter challenge are not in any way scientific experiments
> >in terms of comparing crossbows, longbows and recurves. The scores are
> >only the averages of the top scores submitted. What this means is, we tend
> >to give an advantage to people who shoot often. This is fine for the sake
> >of ranking shooters, but is doesn't really tell us who is the best shot or
> >which piece of equipment is superior and by how much. To obtain that
> >information we would have to require each shooter to declare that he or she
> >was about to shoot a competition for points, and then have the scoring
> >marshal submit that score regardless how good or bad it might be. The
> >results would be factored into a seasonal running average. Of course even
> >this would not take into account environmental factors like wind. A true
> >test would require shooters to compete on the same range at the same time.
> > >
> >Jim Koch (Gladius The Alchemist)
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- Actually a more accurate term would be timed ends rather than speed
ends. In the RR or IKAC the intent is to get as high a score as
possible in the time given, rather than just getting off as many arrows
as possible. It is better to shoot four and get twenty points, than to
shoot nine and get ten points.
Yes, when shooting into a mass of tightly packed warriors, where most
any arrow will hit someone, plain speed is important. But, in the
instance of less tightly packed targets it is a case of accuracy and
rapid rate of release. When you are trying not to hit a shield or one
of your own men while attempting to get an arrow or bolt into a visor
slot, accuracy is important. And then getting off an other shot as
fast as possible to take out an other opponent, before they kill you or
one of your friends is reason to shoot rapidly and accurately. Aside
from sieges, there were countless small scale engagements, aside from
major battles where a rapid and accurate rate of shooting was
paramount. In the hunt, when beaters are driving herds of deer toward
you, killing as many deer as possible for the larder is also important.
As to period speed ends. Since there is little documentation of just
how period competitions or training were done, it is difficult to
positivity state that they were either used or not used. However, I
do have a copy of a period illustration of a german crossbow
competition showing an hour glass in the foreground. If it was using
for timing the shooting or to indicate when to break for lunch, it is
impossible to say.
On Monday, April 3, 2006, at 06:39 AM, J. Hughes wrote:
> John edgerton <sirjon1@...> wrote: I would like to comment
> regarding the RR and IKAC. The speed ends were
> not tacked on later. They were there from the beginning. I wanted the
> competitions to also test the ability to shoot rapidly and accurately
> as would have been needed in combat or in the hunt. And on the RR,
> when I made up the rules for it, I gave little thought to crossbows.
> Is there any evidence of the use of speed rounds in a period archery
> competition or a schutzenfest? While rate of fire is useful when the
> archer is in a defensive position receiving a mounted charge or in an
> archery counter archery role, it is not at all appropriate for the
> sort of warfare in most found in period: siege warfare, when only in a
> storming do you have the target rich environment that rewards speed of
> Charles O'Connor