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  • John Edgerton
    From the missile combat list. Jon ************ We have within our fair kingdom a Lady who works in a library. Once a month or better she sends a collection of
    Message 1 of 1 , May 5, 2003
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      From the missile combat list.

      Jon
      ************

      We have within our fair kingdom a Lady who works in a library. Once a month
      or better she sends a collection of SCA related links to the Æthelmearc
      list. Peruse at your liesure and see what ya find.

      Brad Boda d'Aylward


      Subject: [SCA-AE] Links: Medieval Archery
      -----Original Message-----
      From: Lis


      >Hello everyone.
      >
      >This week's Links list is on Medieval Archery. It is NOT a repeat of last
      >year's Medieval Archery Links list. Many of those links are no longer with
      >us. Instead I started my search from scratch, and due to a recent request
      >for images, included a few links with historical images at those sites.
      >
      >I hope that, now that archery season is gearing up, you'll all find
      >something useful to use in the list. As always, please feel free to pass
      >this list along wherever it will find interest.
      >
      >Cheers
      >
      >Aoife, dusting off her bow
      >
      >Medieval Archery Homepage
      >http://www.ping.be/olivier_picard/
      >(Site Excerpt) This site is dedicated to traditional Bow shooting.
      >A first part is focused on medieval Archery; a second part on the history
      of
      >Archery throughout the world; a third part concerns various information
      >about Archery, such as types of games, reviews books and films, an
      >English/French/German glossary, calendar of our activities, links, etc ...
      >
      >SCA Archery Homepage
      >http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/archery.html
      >Lists interkingdom archery choots, archery websites, archery lists, etc....
      >
      > Interkingdom Combat Archery Competitions
      >http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/ikcac_rules.html
      >
      >On Target Online!
      > The official
      >An Tir Royal Archer
      >Web site magazine
      >http://www.dellarco.com/ontarget/framesets/home_frameset.html
      >
      >Making Flemish Bowstrings
      >http://www2.pcom.net/jthutten/jth/doc/flemish.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) General Instructions for Crafting the String
      >Prepare and Cut Bundles
      >Using the table and formula above, prepare and cut the bundles of B50 to
      the
      >appropriate length. (It is assumed you are making a traditional two-color
      >Flemish string. Keep the strands of the same color in their own "bundle".)
      >
      >Stephan's Florilegium--Archery
      >http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/rialto/idxarchery.html
      >
      >Regia Anglorum Anglo-Saxon Archery
      >http://www.regia.org/saxarch.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) One of the most common arguments against bows is 'If they
      >were at all common why have we never found many?'. At first this seems a
      >valid argument until you consider that from the period of the longbow's
      >greatness ( c.1250 - 1500 AD ) not one bowstave 1, of the tens of thousands
      >known to have been produced, has survived. Indeed, until the discovery of
      >the Mary Rose, we had no medieval bows at all. It is therefore quite
      >surprising to consider that from the first millennium somewhere in the
      >region of 40 - 50 bowstaves have survived with traces of many others having
      >been found. As with most weapons finds, most of these come from pagan grave
      >finds, but they can give us a very good idea of the type of bow in use
      >shortly before, and probably during, our period.
      >
      >THE PHYSICS OF
      >MEDIEVAL ARCHERY
      >http://www.stortford-archers.org.uk/medieval.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) Don't let the word 'physics' put you off - read the article
      >for an insight into how modern science can help us understand the history
      of
      >the weapon we now use for sport (and ignore the formulae if you must!) It
      is
      >generally believed that the main factor responsible for the English victory
      >at the battle the Agincourt in 1415 was the longbow. Gareth Rees describes
      >from a physicist's point of view why we believe this simple weapon was so
      >devastatingly effective.
      >
      >The Plantagenet Medieval Archery and Combat Society
      >http://www.the-plantagenets.freeserve.co.uk/
      >
      >Traditional and Medieval Archery Links
      >http://margo.student.utwente.nl/sagi/arlinks/links/trad.html
      >
      >Traditional & Medieval Archery Association at the University of Missouri
      >http://students.missouri.edu/~archery/
      >(Site Excerpt) Our purpose is to promote local research of historic archery
      >activities & practices, and to provide members and guests the opportunity
      to
      >engage in archery activities, both historic & modern.
      >
      >Yahoogroups Medieval Archery
      >http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Medieval_archery/
      >
      >Medieval Archery on Ebay
      >http://search.ebay.com/search/search.dll?query=medieval+archery&newu=1
      >Three items found: Three replicas: A Quiver with arrows, a cross bow, and a
      >recurve.
      >
      >3 Rivers Archery Traditional Bows and Arrows
      >http://www.3riversarchery.com/
      >A retailer
      >
      >The Archery Center: The specialists in field, traditional, and re-enactment
      >archery.
      >http://www.archery-centre.co.uk/
      >Another retailer
      >
      >Wolfshead Bowmen Medieval Archery Group
      >http://www.wolfshead-bowmen.com/
      >(Site Excerpt) Based in the "1066 Country", our headquarters can be found
      at
      >Michelham Priory,near Eastbourne, East Sussex,where meetings and practice
      >shootings are held on the first and third day of each month, where
      >applications for new membership are welcome.
      >Wolfshead Bowmen have appeared, as extras, in several film and television
      >productions.
      >For further information contact the club secretary here:
      >Welcome to the official site for Wolfshead-Bowmen.
      >The premier medieval archery group.
      >
      >Eric's Archery Page
      >The bowyer's home on the web
      >http://www.geocities.com/ewmyers/bowyers/
      >(Site Excerpt) The focus of this site is primitive/traditional bow making
      >and archery.
      >
      >Sticks and Stones Primitive Archery
      >http://www.stickstone.com/
      >
      >Crossbow Books
      >http://hppublish.com/linkb/crossbow.htm
      >
      >Crossbows FAQ
      >http://asyn.com/sca/archery/crossbow.html
      >
      >Make Your Own Crossbow
      >http://home.austin.rr.com/dmiller/crossbow/crossbow.html
      >
      >Medieval Longbow at AEMMA
      >http://www.aemma.org/training/archery/archeryTraining.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) AEMMA through a partnership with the Canadian Association of
      >Ancient and Medieval Archery and the Royal Ontario Museum continue the
      >research and development in the resurrection and reconstruction of medieval
      >martial arts now extends to the realm of medieval longbow. The longbow is
      >constructed in the traditional manner of a minimum of 5' 6", of a
      historical
      >authentic "D" cross-section in which the shooting style is by an
      instinctive
      >method not incorporating artificial aids such as scopes, arrow rests or
      >sites.
      >
      >SCA Juried Merchants List: Archery
      >http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/merchants/index.archery.html
      >
      >Feudal Archers
      >http://www.btinternet.com/~feudal.archers/index.html
      >(Site Excerpt) Feudal Archers was formed in February 1998 by an experienced
      >group of re-enactors, as a living history group based on the period 1135 to
      >1216, spanning the reigns of four kings--Stephen, Henry II, Richard I and
      >John.Although the accent is on archery and our members are all skilled with
      >the bow, Feudal Archers aims to present a full picture of the times with an
      >authentic campsite, wood fire, cookery, crafts and, at suitable locations,
      a
      >working replica ballista (siege engine).
      >
      >The Bow Magazine online
      >http://www.bownet.com/
      >
      >Silver Flower Company of Archers
      >http://www.silverflower.org/
      >(Site Excerpt) Though "Compagnia del Fiore d'Argento" (Silver Flower
      Archers
      >Company) is only of recent constitution, its members - archers and
      >swordsmans - are active (individually or through other associations)
      already
      >from many years in the fields of re-enacting.
      >
      >Longbow Archery 'unplugged'
      > http://au.geocities.com/longbows2002/
      >(Site Excerpt) Good things about these longbows:
      >Single piece of timber, genuine self bow.
      >The bow bends through it's entire length.
      >You can fee the limbs move in your hand.
      >No "handle". (detachable lace up leather grip)
      >No arrow shelf. (with the leather grip)
      >Tested by shooting 500 arrows.
      >Horn limb tips can be added - but you don't need them. The timber is "as
      >hard as the hobbs of hell".
      >They're tough. You could, if you wanted to, throw this bow as far as you
      can
      >and pick it up and shoot it ...... without having to readjust anything.
      > "Not so good" things.
      >No components to blame for a bad shot.
      >If you have one you will be mobbed by people saying, "Wow, that's
      >beautiful".
      >You might miss out on conversation because a White Fox longbow shoots so
      >quiet others might forget you are shooting next to them .......
      >....... except when you hammer arrows into the gold and other archers will
      >envy you for using a longbow style from 600 years ago.
      >
      >Mary Rose Ship Find: Archery and Bows
      >http://www.maryrose.org/lcity/gunner/archery1.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) The longbow was the English weapon. Most other countries
      were
      >changing to using guns, but the English loved the longbow. Boys started
      >training to use the bow at seven years old. They weren't allowed to play
      >football, they had to practice their archery!
      >
      >Agincourt
      >http://www.geocities.com/beckster05/Agincourt/AgMain.html
      >A paper on the Battle of Agincourt, a battle which utilized considerable
      >numbers of archers to claim victory.
      >
      >Medieval Archery and Crafts webring
      >http://archeryinfo.info/aaA.html
      >
      >Bibliography for The Hunt (medieval hunting sources)
      >http://www.uidaho.edu/student_orgs/arthurian_legend/hunt/biblio.html
      >
      >Archery Terms
      >(Archery A to Z)
      >http://www.centenaryarchers.gil.com.au/archery_terms.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) Actual Draw Weight
      >The measured or calculated draw weight of an Archer.
      >eg. a marked bow of 30 lbs. at 28" draw when used by a person having a 27"
      >draw length will have an actual draw weight of 28lbs.
      >(a 1" difference in draw length will make approx. 2 lbs. difference in draw
      >weight.)
      >Aim
      >To superimpose a sight pin on the centre of a target or, when not using a
      >sight, the placement of the tip of the arrow on a particular point for a
      >given distance.
      >Anchor
      >A combination of points to which the bowstring and/or index finger of the
      >drawing hand are drawn to on the face and neck.
      >
      >Primitive Archer Magazine
      >http://www.primitivearcher.com/index.shtml
      >
      >Precision Arrow Matching
      >by Sir Jon Fitz-Rauf, R.C.A.,R.C.Y
      >http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/articles/arrow_matching.html
      >(Site Excerpt) If you have a set of properly matched arrows you can greatly
      >improve your archery scores. Most archers think that if they buy a set of
      >matched wood arrows from a supplier that they are fully matched. However
      the
      >arrows are only matched in weight (within five grains), diameter (all five
      >sixteenths or eleven thirty seconds, etc.) and spline (within five
      >pounds-twenty five to thirty or thirty to thirty five, etc). So you see
      that
      >they are not matched exactly.
      >
      >The Medieval English Longbow
      >by Robert E. Kaiser, M.A.
      >http://www.student.utwente.nl/~sagi/artikel/longbow/longbow.html
      >(Site Excerpt) From the thirteenth until the sixteenth century, the
      national
      >weapon of the English army was the longbow. It was this weapon which
      >conquered Wales and Scotland, gave the English their victories in the
      >Hundred Years War, and permitted England to replace France as the foremost
      >military power in Medieval Europe. The longbow was the machine gun of the
      >Middle Ages: accurate, deadly, possessed of a long-range and rapid rate of
      >fire, the flight of its missilies was liken to a storm.
      >
      >Some Speculations on the Nature of Longbowstrings
      >by Philip D. Hartley
      >http://www.student.utwente.nl/~sagi/artikel/longbowstring/string.html
      >(Site Excerpt) So much new information is now at hand concerning the
      >longbow - that remarkable weapon which is English so much a part of English
      >history -- that the whole study would seem to have reached a new level of
      >understanding. Even so, as often proves to be the case in matters of
      history
      >and archaeology, answers to long-standing questions bring further questions
      >in their train, and the exact nature of the longbowstring of the early and
      >mid-XIVth century is just such a case.
      >
      >Ten Basic Steps in Archery
      >http://www.student.utwente.nl/~sagi/artikel/steps/
      >(Site Excerpt) The following sequence of figures shows the basic steps of
      >shot execution. Although it is depicted as a sequence of separate events,
      >you should execute these steps in one single smooth motion.
      >Also keep in mind that these are Basic steps, individual adjustments are
      >possible, but these are usually given by the instructor/trainer.
      >
      >Magyar Traditional Archery
      >http://www.atarn.org/magyar/magyar_link.htm
      >includes
      >A BRIEF HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF HUNGARIAN ARCHERY, PART I
      >by Chris Szabó
      >http://www.atarn.org/magyar/magyar_1.htm
      >Hungarian Archery - Revival of a long lost tradition
      >© Csikos Balint
      >http://www.atarn.org/magyar/magyar_2/balint.htm
      >Reconstruction of the Niya Bow
      >Stephen Selby
      >http://www.atarn.org/magyar/niya.htm
      >etc...
      >
      >Archery Games on the 'net.
      >http://www.searchamateur.com/corkboard/Archery.html
      >Includes links to archery clubs around the world.
      >
      >Medieval Bookstore's The Medieval Archer
      >http://www.medievalbookstore.com/medieval_archer.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) This is a classic on the subject, being first published in
      >1986, and having been reprinted several times since then. The author
      starts
      >with a chapter on attitudes towards archers in the middle ages and then
      >proceeds chronologically from a few Anglo-Saxon references on through the
      >centuries.
      >
      >Les Accesoires
      >http://www.culture.fr/culture/medieval/francais/vqcost2.htm
      >This page is entirely in French but shows an archer detail (my french isn't
      >good enough to tell you what the source is).
      >
      >Book Reviews: The Medieval Archer
      >http://uk.geocities.com/the_isles/flamewar/armour9.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) This book traces the history of the archer in the medieval
      >period from the Norman conquest to the wars of the Roses. It opens with a
      >definition of the different kinds of bows in use and challenges the usual
      >assumption that the "longbow" was a new and devastation weapon used only by
      >the English armies from the late thirteenth century onwards. The book
      >continues with a chapter on twelfth century battle tactics, (something
      quite
      >rare in historical texts) following on to the Battle of Agincourt.
      >
      >Malter Galleries
      >www.maltergalleries.com/041500auctioncat1.html
      >This site retails medieval and historical coins. One of the images is of a
      >coin with an archer depicted with bow and quiver---I found it by doing an
      >image search using the search term "medival archery." I'm not sure how to
      >point out the exact image, so if you don't want to search through the
      >lengthy page but want to see the image, email me directly and I'll forward
      >the photo of the coin to you as an attachment.
      >
      >Horace Mann's Medieval War, Warfare, Weapons, Armor, and Castles webpage
      >http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/War/War.html
      >I include this webpage for the simple reason that there is a medieval
      >illustration included in the article of a Turkish Archer shooting in
      >mid-gallop.
      >
      >The Medieval Welsh Archer (an article on Welsh Costume)
      >http://www.data-wales.co.uk/archer.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) The accompanying Welsh archer (graphic omitted from Links
      >list) is to be found in a 13th. century manuscript . He wears a simple
      tunic
      >with a cloak in thin material over his shoulders and appears to have
      removed
      >a shoe to aid his grip on the greensward. One must assume that his strange
      >hairstyle and miniature bow illustrate the limitations of the artist!
      >
      >Robin Hood Society
      >http://www.robinhood.ltd.uk/index.asp
      >(Site Excerpt) Historians and researchers have a range of views but
      >generally believe that
      >Robin Hood was alive around the thirteenth century.
      >The earliest reference to Robin Hood is in William Langland's poem
      >"The vision of William concerning Piers Plowman" which was written in 1377.
      >The poem says: "I do not know my paternoster perfectly as the priest sings
      >it.
      >But I know the rhymes of Robin Hood and Randolph, earl of Chester".
      >
      >Khazaria.com
      >http://www.khazaria.com/
      >Farther dwon the page is a link for the Khazaria Image Gallery, and the
      >sample image is of an archer.
      >
      >Puck Robin
      >http://www.geocities.com/puckrobin/rh/
      >This Robinhood website has a Robin Hood Screensaver, A Robinhood Picture
      >Gallery, and lots of Robin research. Some of the images are historical.
      >
      > CONSTRUCTION OF A MEDIEVAL ARROW, & Other Considerations. . .
      >Prepared by HL Peregrine Elric of Courtenay, AIR, CTC, CGP, CSH
      >http://victorian.fortunecity.com/manet/394/page23d.htm
      >(Site Excerpt) Many changes came about between 600 and 1600 A.D., but arrow
      >use and construction remained relatively constant well into the twentieth
      >century. Spears, archery, slings, and catapults were the primary weapons
      >available that reached beyond hand to hand combat in the literal sense -
      but
      >for this treatise we will explore only the western European and English
      >arrows of our later period. I will address the following: Woods used,
      >length, fletching materials and how they were applied, construction and use
      >of points, and nocks. By no means complete, I hope that this will give you
      >enough information to be able to construct an arrow accurately
      >representative of the period of our study.
      >
      >Medieval Arrowheads
      >http://thunder.prohosting.com/~guarana/saa/articles/longbow/heads.html
      >(Site Excerpt) From bottom to top:
      >From Kindrochit Castle, Aberdeenshire; from the site of Flodden; from
      >Craigmillar Castle, near Edinburgh; from Hunthills, Roxburghshire;
      >unprovenanced.
      >National Museum of Antiquities, Scotland.
      >



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