34037Re: [SCA-Archery] "Artillery"
- Aug 23, 2013Excellent. That is what I needed.Thank youJon
From: Jude Harrison <jude_harrison@...>
To: "SCA-Archery@yahoogroups.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Sent: Friday, August 23, 2013 7:49 AM
Subject: RE: [SCA-Archery] "Artillery"
artillery, n.truetrueForms:α. lME artellerye, lME artelry, lME artilrye, lME artylrye, lME 16 artilrie, lME–15 artelery, lME–15 artillarye, lME–15 artyllerye, lME–16 artillarie, lME–17 artillerie, lME– artillery, 15 artillary, 15 artylary, 15 artylerey, 15 artylery, 15 artyllary, 15 artyllery, 15–16 artilerie, 15–16 artillerye, 15–18 artilery, 16– artill'ry (poet.); Sc. pre-17 artaillarie, pre-17 artaillery, pre-17 artallirie, pre-17 artalry, pre-17 artillarie, pre-17 artillary, pre-17 17– artillery, 17 artilery; N.E.D. (1885) also records forms lME artylery, lME–15 artillari.
β. 15 artilliarie; Sc. pre-17 altailȝerie, pre-17 altelyerie, pre-17 artailȝearie, pre-17 artailȝeiry, pre-17 artailȝerie, pre-17 artailȝery, pre-17 artailȝerye, pre-17 artailȝierie, pre-17 artailliarie, pre-17 artaillierie, pre-17 artailliery, pre-17 artailyearie, pre-17 artailyerie, pre-17 artailyery, pre-17 artailyerye, pre-17 artalȝeirie, pre-17 artalȝerie, pre-17 artalȝery, pre-17 artallierie, pre-17 artalliery, pre-17 artalyerie, pre-17 artealliarie, pre-17 arteilȝerie, pre-17 arteilȝerrie, pre-17 arteillȝerie, pre-17 arteilyerie, pre-17 artelȝarie, pre-17 artelȝearie, pre-17 artelȝerie, pre-17 artelliarie, pre-17 artelyearie, pre-17 artilȝeary, pre-17 artilȝerie, pre-17 artilȝery, pre-17 artiliȝirie, pre-17 artilliarie, pre-17 artilyery, pre-17 arttalȝerij, pre-17 arttalȝery.
γ. 15 artelere, 15 artellere, 15 artelyre; Sc. pre-17 artailȝeir, pre-17 artalȝar, pre-17 artilȝere.
δ. pre-17 artailȝe, pre-17 artailȝee, pre-17 artailȝie, pre-17 artaillȝe, pre-17 artaillie, pre-17 artalȝe, pre-17 artallie, pre-17 artelȝie, pre-17 artelie, pre-17 artilȝie, pre-17 artilye.
... (Show Less)Etymology: < Anglo-Norman artillarie, attilerie, artelrie, Anglo-Norman and Middle French artillerie, Middle French artellerie, arteillerie (French artillerie ) military equipment, weaponry (13th cent. in Old French), arsenal (1309), hunting gear (a1412 or earlier in Anglo-Norman), mounted guns, cannons, etc. (late 15th cent.) < artiller , artillier to provide with weapons (early 13th cent.; alteration (after art art n.1) of atillier to arrange, adjust (12th cent.), to put on armour in preparing for battle (12th cent.) < an unattested post-classical Latin form *apticulare , derivative of classical Latin aptāre to fit, adapt (see aptate v.)) + -erie -ery suffix. Compare post-classical Latin artillaria , artillarium , artilleria , artilliaria , artillyeria , artillyearia , artellaria , artelleria engines for discharging missiles (frequently from 1377 in British sources), and also Catalan artilleria (1370), Spanish artillería (first half of the 15th cent.; also as artellería (15th cent.)), Portuguese artilharia (15th cent.; also artelharia , artelharya (15th cent.)), Italian artigleria military equipment, weaponry (14th cent.), mounted guns, cannon, etc. (a1519). Compare artry n.Senses 3b and 5 are not paralleled in French until later (1751 and 1690 respectively).
In Middle English the forms artler , artylyr are also found in the sense ‘arms, weaponry’, apparently showing spec. use of artiller n. by association with the present word.
... (Show Less)
†1. As a count noun: an implement of war. In later use as a mass noun: military equipment; weaponry. Also in extended use: hunting gear; equipment in general. Obs.c1405 (▸c1390) Chaucer Melibeus (Hengwrt) (2003) l. 365, I shal warnestore myn hous wt toures swiche as han Castelles & othere manere edifices & armure & Artelries [c1430 Cambr. artelleryes] by whiche thynges I may my persone & myn hous..defenden.1422 in T. Rymer Fœdera (1710) X. 212 (MED), All the Ablementes of Werre..Poudres, Gonnes, Arblasters, Shotte, or other Artilrie.1481 Act 11 Jas. III (1597) §82 Victualles, men and artailȝierie.1485 Caxton tr. Charles the Grete (1881) 162 Anone the artylleryes were assembled and the harnoys trussed.1536 Bp. J. Longland Serm. spoken before Kynge at Grenwiche sig. G iii.v, The gall, the sharpe spere, the woundes and all the artilery & armes of hys passion.c1550 Complaynt Scotl. (1979) vi. 33 Gunnaris cum heir & stand by ȝour artailȝee.1559 H. Machyn Diary 21 Mar. (1848) 191 All maner of artelere, as drumes, flutes, trumpetes, gones, mores pykes, halbardes.1664 T. Urchard tr. F. Rabelais Wks. 120 Himself, whilest his dinner was making ready, went to see his artillery mounted upon the carriage, to display his colours.1794 S. Williams Nat. & Civil Hist. Vermont 177 A club made of hard wood, a stake hardened in the fire, a lance armed with a flint or a bone, a bow and an arrow constituted the whole artillery of an Indian war.1827 W. Tennant Papistry Storm'd 204 Swappin' their handspakes and their battens, And ither mad artailyie.c1405—1827(Hide quotations)2. Machinery used for discharging projectiles in war.
a. With reference to discharge by mechanical recoil, including weapons such as bows, slings, catapults, etc. Now hist.c1450 Siege Thebes (Rawl.) in Archiv f. das Studium der Neueren Sprachen (1913) 130 270 (MED), Making redy al þeire Artelery and cast of stone.1475 Bk. Noblesse 29 For lak of good provisions bothe of artillery and ordenaunce for the werre and soudeyng to be made in dew season.1515 in J. B. Paul Accts. Treasurer Scotl. (1903) V. 17 Making of crane and wyndais for fourtene pecis of artalȝery.1537 Charter Henry VIII P.R.O., C66/677 (transcript) m. 45 The Science of Artillary that is to witt for Longe Bowes Crosbowes and Handgonnes.1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny Hist. World I. 199 To discharge vpon him arrowes, quarrels, stones, bullets, and such like shot, out of brakes, slings, and other engins of artillery.1611 Bible (A.V.) 1 Sam. xx. 40 Ionathan gaue his artillery [ Wyclif, aarmis; Coverdale, wapens] vnto his ladde, and said vnto him, Goe, cary them to the citie.a1701 H. Maundrell Journey Aleppo to Jerusalem (1703) 125 Amongst the Artillery was an old Roman Balista.1757 W. Maitland Hist. & Antiq. Scotl. I. ii. 192 'Tis not in the least probable that the Roman artillery, the catapultæ and balistæ, were placed between them.1869 C. Boutell tr. J. P. Lacombe Arms & Armour xi. 215 Ancient artillery..could never have led the way to the introduction of modern artillery. They have really nothing in common.1973 Eng. Hist. Rev. 88 871 The fourth century B.C...saw the first Greek use of catapult artillery in attack.2000 Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54 231 It probably accommodated heavier artillery, such as a large catapult.c1450—2000(Hide quotations)
b. With reference to explosive discharge, including ordnance such as mounted guns, cannon, mortars, and anti-aircraft weaponry; large-calibre firearms used both offensively and defensively in military operations. †Occas. as a count noun. Cf. ordnance n. 2a.The term great artillery was used to distinguish larger-calibre guns from small artillery. In later use this distinction is expressed by the terms light artillery and heavy artillery.battery-, field-, siege-artillery, etc.: see the first element.1509 in P. F. Tytler Hist. Scotl. (1864) II. 279 (note) Three hundred small artillery, under the names of myand, culverins, and double-dogs.1524 Begynnynge Ordre Knyghtes Hospytallers sig. b6, The artyllery of the turkes was suche as foloweth. Fyrst there was vi. grete gonnes canonnes perryers of brasse.1598 R. Barret Theorike & Pract. Mod. Warresv. 124 The artillery is deuided and differenced into greatnesse or Sizes royall, and into lesser sizes.1602 J. Marston Hist. Antonio & Mellidai. sig. B3v, Let vollies of the great Artillery From of our gallies banks play prodigall.a1660 in J. T. Gilbert Contemp. Hist. Ireland (1879) I. 151 The waies from thence to Sligo 20 miles, verie roughe, sliperie and tugh for artilerie or wagons.1728 Mem. Eng. Officer 95 The heavy artillery landed for the siege was return'd aboard the ships.1769 W. Falconer Universal Dict. Marine sig. *H3v, Lanterne..a cartridge-case, to carry the cartridges from the ship's magazine to the artillery.1803 G. Lake in Marquess Wellesley Select. Despatches (1877) 395 The enemy opposed to us a tremendous fire from a numerous artillery.1862 Sci. Amer. 4 Jan. 41/2 Experiments were in progress to test plates of various thicknesses with all the different kinds of artillery that could be procured.1927 Jrnl. Afr. Soc. 26 250 The artillery was composed of six large cannon and various smaller pieces.1939 Fortune Nov. 142/2 Pillboxes and blockhouses..armed with heavier machine guns and light artillery.1974 C. Ryan Bridge too Fariii. i. 136 General Urquhart needed the maximum in men, equipment and artillery—especially anti-tank guns.2001 P. White With the Jocks (2003) 480 Artillery support will be..two medium regiments and four batteries of heavy artillery.1509—2001(Hide quotations)1592 R. Dallington tr. F. Colonna Hypnerotomachia f. 97, The violent force of Cupids artillerie.1656 A. Cowley Poems 36 Isabella came Arm'd with a resistless Flame And th' Artillery of her Eye.1729 B. Mandeville Fable Beesii. iii. 126 She has all the Artillery of our Sex to fear.1764 T. Reid Inq. Human Mindv. vii, It declines the tribunal of reason, and laughs at all the artillery of the logician.1809 S. Smith Wks. (1859) I. 163/1 He charges the historian with his whole heavy artillery of argument and quotation.1870 A. G. L'Estrange Life M. R. Mitford I. v. 157 Even Shakespeare's magic is not proof against the artillery of puns.1912 D. Ferguson Castle Gay 137 All the artillery of his wild wit flashed.1945 Fortune Mar. 170/2 He..drew up the artillery of his talents and began firing a miscellaneous barrage of ideas across the executive floor.1988 M. Bradbury in Unsent Lett. 39 Teachers who work on the very front line of English language and literature education, where the artillery fire is always the greatest.2003 Powerlifting USA Feb. 35/1 After turning on his mental artillery in Mel Hennesy's garage gym, he bypassed 500 going right to 505.1592—2003(Hide quotations)3.
†a. The practice of archery. Obs.1473 in T. Dickson Accts. Treasurer Scotl. (1877) I. 69 Certane thingis..according to artilȝery.1545 R. Ascham Toxophilus To Gentlem. Eng., That fletcher is an enemye to archers and artillery.1550–3 Four Supplic. (1871) 100 It is a great decay to artyllary: for shepeherdes be but yll artchers.1473—1550-3(Hide quotations)
b. The science and practice of using cannon, large-calibre firearms, etc.; gunnery.1728 E. Chambers Cycl. (at cited word), Artillery is also used for what we otherwise called Pyrotechnia, or the Art of Fire-works, with the Instruments and Apparatus belonging thereto.1747 J. Muller Attack & Def. Fortify'd Places (title page) John Muller, Professor of Artillery and Fortification.1884 E. Schuyler Peter the Great I. xxxix. 375 Prince Alexander of Imeritia, who had studied artillery at the Hague.1937 C. Ffoulkes Gun-founders of Eng. 84 The form of the carronade, short and very thick at the base, is so well known to students of artillery.2003 R. L. Scheina Lat. America's Wars I. 464 In 1960 he studied artillery in Czechoslovakia.1728—2003(Hide quotations)1540 T. Elyot Def. Good Women sig. C.iiii, And here haue at your blockehouse, oute of the whiche is shot agaynste women al this artillery.1565 A. Golding tr. Cæsar Martiall Exploytes in Galliaviii. f. 249, From whence wyth an engine artillery might haue bene shotte among the thyckest of hys ennemyes.1585 J. Banister Wecker's Compend. Chyrurg.ii. 270 Search with a probe, which way the pellet is gone, (this obserue in the drawing out of all artillerie).a1636 T. Westcote View Devonsh. 1630 (1845) 43 Hurling flints and pebbles and other such like artillery.1867 C. H. Pearson Hist. Eng. I. 23 The war-ships..poured in their artillery on the British flank.1869 Manufacturer & Builder Jan. 263/2 The feathered artillery of the archer became more precise and deadly.1540—1869(Hide quotations)
5. A military detachment or branch of the armed forces that uses cannon or large-calibre guns.horse-, rifle, Royal Artillery, etc.: see the first element.1598 R. Barret Theorike & Pract. Mod. Warresiv. 104 There is alwayes in the campe certaine companies of pioners, the iurisdiction of whom doth belong vnto the Generall of the artillery.a1657 J. Balfour Hist. Wks. (1825) IV. 204 Generall of the Artiliȝirie.1702 D. Jones Life James II 348 While the Foot and Artillery arrived, his Majesty narrowly visited the posture of the enemy.1786 R. Beatson Polit. Indexii. 138 The Master General of the Ordnance..is Colonel in Chief of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.1840 G. M. Bussey Hist. Napoleon II. l. 500 The multitude without the city, believing the artillery intended hostilities, sought for safety behind the houses in the vicinity.1866 Standard 2 Nov. 5/6 To transform the heavy cavalry into horse artillery.1917 D. Haig Diary 28 July in War Diaries & Lett. 1914–18 (2005) 306 We have already cowed the Enemy's artillery.1930 S. Sassoon Mem. Infantry Officer iv. 114, I couldn't alter European history, or order the artillery to stop firing.2007 M. E. Grotelueschen AEF Way of War vii. 269 Summerall ordered the artillery to begin preparing the attack zone.1598—2007(Hide quotations)a1616 Shakespeare Taming of Shrew (1623) i. ii. 203 Haue I not heard great Ordnance in the field? And heauen's Artillerie thunder in the skies?1695 J. Woodward Ess. Nat. Hist. Earth 91 The whole Artillery of the Sky.1717 Pope tr. Homer Iliad III. xii. 331 As when high Jove his sharp Artill'ry forms.1835 R. Mant Brit. Months 254 Peal after peal, from the echoing sky Discharg'd, of heaven's artillery.1851 G. Borrow Lavengro I. xxvi. 338 The artillery of the sky was pealing as I had never heard it peal before.1916 J. W. Riley Compl. Wks. II. 444 With rumbling wheels of wrath came rolling on The storm's artillery.1976 L. B. Wright S. Carolina vi. 116 Some Charlestonians put lightning rods on their houses, though a few objected that this was an impious interference with ‘God's artillery’.a1616—1976(Hide quotations)
a. General attrib. (chiefly in senses 2b, 5), as artillery attack, artillery fire, artillery regiment, etc.Some of the more established compounds of this type are entered separately at Compounds 1b.1592 T. Nashe Strange Newes sig. K4, Ile present thee with my whole artillerie store of eloquence.1626 W. Gouge Dignitie Chivalrie §4 Martiall discipline, Artillery tacticks, and Military trainings are matters of moment.1677 U. Oakes Soveraign Efficacy of Divine Providence in R. H. Pearce Colonial Amer. Writing (1956) 92 Training Days, Artillery Days, tho' of great use, and very necessary; yet are all in vain, unless the Lord bless.1747 B. Franklin Let. 7 Dec. in Papers (1961) III. 224 It is proposed to breed gunners by forming an artillery club, to go down weekly to the battery and exercise the great guns.1760 G. Sackville in Trial G. Sackville p. vi, The Duke of Marlborough ordered me to take the care of the artillery regiment.1787 tr. F. J. Chastellux Trav. N.-Amer. I. 119 We repaired to the artillery camp.1802 C. James New Mil. Dict. at Rider, In artillery carriages, a piece of wood somewhat higher than broad, the length equal to that of the body of the axle-tree.
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