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FW: NIEHS & NIOSH Studies on Racial & Ethnic Health Disparities

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  • Popplestone, Ann
    ... From: Heineman, Ellen (NCI) [mailto:heinemae@EPNDCE.NCI.NIH.GOV] Sent: Monday, January 08, 2001 10:45 AM To: ANTHRO-L@LISTSERV.ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU Subject:
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 16, 2001
      FW: NIEHS & NIOSH Studies on Racial & Ethnic Health Disparities

      -----Original Message-----
      From: Heineman, Ellen (NCI) [mailto:heinemae@...]
      Sent: Monday, January 08, 2001 10:45 AM
      To: ANTHRO-L@...
      Subject: NIEHS & NIOSH Studies on Racial & Ethnic Health Disparities

      From an occupational and environmental medical listserver out of Duke
      University.  Thought this might be of interest to some subscribers to

      > -----Original Message-----
      > January 4, 2001
      > NIEHS PR #01-02
      > NIEHS CONTACT: John Peterson
      > (919) 541-7860
      > peterso4@...
      > http://www.niehs.nih.gov/oc/news/niosh.htm
      > The actual webpage includes dozens of live-links to the actual project
      > sites.
      > Trans-NIH Collaboration With NIOSH Initiates Studies of Racial and
      > Ethnic Disparities in Health
      > The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, in
      > collaboration with six other National Institutes of Health components,
      > and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, today
      > announced 12 five-year projects that will provide scientists with a
      > better understanding of how social and physical environmental factors
      > interact to impoverish the health of racial and ethnic minorities.
      > The total funding for these grants is approximately $33 million over the
      > five-year period. NIEHS coordinated the grants and the NIH participation
      > and provided $3.8 million of the initial, first year $6.6 million. The
      > partnership is the first trans-NIH collaboration designed to address the
      > Department of Health and Human Services' Initiative to Eliminate Racial
      > and Ethnic Disparities in Health.
      > Other NIH participants are the National Institute on Aging, the National
      > Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, the
      > National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the National
      > Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the National Institute of Mental
      > Health, and the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research. The
      > NIH effort was assisted by its Office of Research on Minority Health,
      > which sponsored a series of health disparities workshops during the
      > developmental stages of the new research initiative.
      > The National Instititute of Occupational Safety and Health, or NIOSH, is
      > a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention within the
      > Department of Health and Human Services .
      > The principal investigators who are receiving these grants are listed
      > below:
      >      Redford B. Williams at Duke University
      >      Medical Center, Durham, N.C., will study a
      >      cohort of individuals who are care givers for
      >      spouses with Alzheimer's Disease to determine
      >      how the stress of being a care giver, along
      >      with other socially-related stressors can
      >      contribute to negative health behaviors. The
      >      investigators also hope to determine whether
      >      these stressors can contribute to the health
      >      disparities between people of different
      >      socioeconomic strata and races.
      >      Brian S. Schwartz at Johns Hopkins University
      >      School of Hygiene & Public Health, Baltimore,
      >      Md., will explore how lead absorption,
      >      genetics, social and behavioral factors,
      >      social context and blood pressure contribute
      >      to the racial and socioeconomic disparity in
      >      the decline in cognitive functioning that
      >      occurs in elderly people. The investigators
      >      propose to test a diverse sample of 900
      >      subjects to see whether lead burden does
      >      indeed contribute to a more rapid decline in
      >      cognitive function.
      >      Lawrence M. Schell at the State University of
      >      New York - Albany, New York, seeks to
      >      determine the relationship between exposure
      >      to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and
      >      thyroid function and psychosocial measures in
      >      a population of Mohawk adolescents living
      >      along the St. Lawrence River in the
      >      Awkwesasne Nation in upstate New York. The
      >      results could be of value to populations that
      >      consume large amounts of fish, in which PCBs
      >      may accumulate.
      >      John W. Frank at the University of
      >      California-Berkeley will examine the
      >      interaction of psychosocial and physical-
      >      ergonomic factors such as job category, job
      >      stress and socioeconomic status on the
      >      incidence of negative health outcomes in a
      >      population of healthcare workers. The
      >      outcomes include lost work time, work-related
      >      musculoskeletal disorders, overall quality of
      >      life, and injury-specific functional status.
      >      Rosalind J. Wright at Brigham and Women's
      >      Hospital and Harvard University School of
      >      Public Health in Boston, Mass., will study
      >      the role of physical environmental agents and
      >      psychosocial factors such as life stress in
      >      the increasing incidence of childhood asthma,
      >      particularly among socioeconomically
      >      disadvantaged children in inner city areas.
      >      The investigators hypothesize that stress
      >      experienced prenatally and during infancy and
      >      early childhood has significant potential to
      >      modify immune function and, hence, the
      >      development of asthma.
      >      Hester J. Lipscomb of Duke University and
      >      collaborators at the University of North
      >      Carolina and the Center for Women's Economic
      >      Alternatives, will attempt to quantify the
      >      incidence of negative health outcomes among
      >      women in a five-county region in northeastern
      >      North Carolina as a result of racial
      >      discrimination and fast-paced assembly line
      >      production. These outcomes include the
      >      evaluation of occupational roots of health
      >      disparities in women.
      >      Jose Szapocznick at the University of Miami
      >      will study the built environment of elderly
      >      Hispanic residents in a low-socioeconomic
      >      neighborhood in East Little Havana, Florida.
      >      The investigators want to determine the
      >      extent to which the residents' built
      >      environment, as defined by the architectural
      >      features of the buildings they occupy, is
      >      mediated by their social behaviors and
      >      support systems in influencing their
      >      behavioral health and cognitive functioning.
      >      Carolyn A. Berry at Northwestern University,
      >      Chicago, Ill., will study the racial
      >      disparities in the incidence of pediatric
      >      asthma among low-income African American,
      >      Latino and Caucasian elementary school-aged
      >      children. The primary goal is to clarify the
      >      biologic, environmental, social and
      >      behavioral factors that lead to these
      >      disparities.
      >      Craig Slatin at the University of
      >      Massachusetts - Lowell proposes to examine
      >      the work environment as a primary influence
      >      on health-related quality of life endpoints
      >      such as musculoskeletal disorders, various
      >      types of acute injuries, and mental health
      >      conditions. All three of these endpoints have
      >      been associated with environmental conditions
      >      in the workplace, which themselves show a
      >      marked socioeconomic gradient because of
      >      widespread occupational segregation.
      >      Amy J. Schulz at the University of Michigan
      >      will examine how race/ethnicity and
      >      socioeconomic status, demographic factors
      >      such as neighborhood environment, and
      >      exposure to environmental toxicants
      >      (particulate air pollution) can lead to
      >      racial and socioeconomic disparity in the
      >      risk of cardiovascular disease. This project
      >      will be undertaken in partnership with
      >      community-based organizations and healthcare
      >      institutions in Detroit.
      >      Carlos Mendes de Leon at the Rush-
      >      Presbyterian St. Luke Medical Center,
      >      Chicago, Ill., will test whether greater
      >      biological risk factors and adverse
      >      neighborhood conditions can lead to
      >      disparities in disability in older people.
      >      Age-related disability is considered to be
      >      the most important measure of overall health
      >      status in the elderly, and a major cause of
      >      poor quality of life at that age.
      >      Marilyn A. Winkleby at Stanford University in
      >      California will assess the role of the
      >      neighborhood environment and other individual
      >      risk factors in predicting deaths, including
      >      those from cardiovascular disease. These
      >      potential risk factors include neighborhood
      >      socioeconomic status, social disorganization,
      >      Hispanic concentration, crime rate, housing
      >      conditions, availability of goods and
      >      services, educational resources and
      >      recreational facilities.
      >                                  # # # #

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